Deliver CommonJS-syntax JavaScript modules to clients as a single file.

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0.4.3 2013-05-13 20:44 UTC


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A CommonJS compiler written in PHP

cjsDelivery allows you to deliver CommonJS-syntax JavaScript modules to clients as a single file. Any modules you add will have dependencies resolved statically. This typically means you only have to point cjsDelivery to your entry module and all dependencies will be magically resolved.

The output is designed to have as little overhead over your module code as possible. In all, only 13 short lines of code will be added by the compiler.

  1. Installation
    1. Per-project install using composer
  2. Usage
    1. On the command-line
    2. From PHP
    3. Symfony
  3. Features
    1. Include paths
      1. For external components
      2. For internal components
    2. Pragmas
    3. Minified identifiers
    4. Globals
  4. How dependencies are resolved
  5. Changelog
  6. Credits and license


Install globally by running this one-line command in your bash terminal:

bash <(curl -s

Per-project install using composer

Get composer and install cjsDelivery to your project by adding it as a requirement to composer.json.

cd myproject/
touch composer.json
composer require mattcg/cjsdelivery:0.4.2

As cjsDelivery is PSR-0 compatible, composer will automatically generate vendor/autoload.php, which you can require in your code to have the cjsDelivery classes autoloaded when they're needed.


On the command-line

The bin/delivery executable is provided for command-line use. Run the following example to compiled the bundled example fruit application:

delivery --main_module='./examples/fruit/modules/main'

For the full list of options, run delivery -h.

From PHP

Instances can be created using the provided factory class.

use MattCG\cjsDelivery as cjsDelivery;

require '/path/to/cjsDelivery.php';

$includes = array('../mycompany/javascript', '../othercompany/modules');
$delivery = cjsDelivery\Delivery::create(array('includes' => $includes));
echo $delivery->getOutput();

The factory method accepts a single parameter, which is a hashmap of options:

  • minifyIdentifiers (boolean, default false) to turn on identifier minification
  • sendSignals (boolean, default false) to force the signal manager to be on
  • globals (array) to add global modules
  • includes (array) to add include paths
  • parsePragmas (boolean, default false) to enable pragma parsing
  • pragmaFormat (string) to specify the pragma format
  • pragmas (array) to specify enabled pragmas


Use cjsDeliveryBundle instead.


Include paths

If you have many dependencies in folders external to your project, then it's worth setting an include path to avoid having long, absolute paths in your require statements.

If your company's standard modules are in /projects/mycompany/javascript and your project is in /projects/myproject, then you can require a standard module using require('standardmodule') instead of require('/projects/mycompany/javascript/standardmodule') by adding the include path /projects/mycompany/javascript.

cd /projects/myproject
delivery --main_module='./main' --include='../mycompany/javascript:../othercompany/modules'

Multiple paths can be specified in a colon-separated list.

In PHP, include directory paths can be passed to the factory method in the options hashmap by setting the value of the includes key to an array of paths.

$includes = array('../mycompany/javascript', '../othercompany/modules');

$delivery = cjsDelivery\Delivery::create(array('includes' => $includes));

$mainmodule = './main';
For external components

Suppose that as part of your project build process, you use bower to install external components to a components/ directory in your project:

cd myproject/lib/javascript
bower install

You could then add myproject/lib/javascript/components to your cjsDelivery include path.

For internal components

An include path can be useful even with internal dependencies. Suppose your project has the following directory structure:

- myproject
|- moduleA
|-|- version1
|-|- version2
|- moduleB
|-|- version1

If you want to avoid having to type require('../../moduleB/version1') from within moduleA/version1/index.js then you could set myproject to be an include path. Then you would type require('moduleB/version1').


Use pragmas to include or exclude pieces of code from the final output.

When passed to the delivery executable, the -p option will turn on the manager and any code contained between undefined pragmas will be 'compiled out'.

The bundled example module in examples/fruit/modules/main.js includes the following lines:

// ifdef BANANA
// endif BANANA

Run the following example command to compile the fruit application without the banana module:

delivery --main_module='./examples/fruit/modules/main' -p

Now try the opposite:

delivery --main_module='./examples/fruit/modules/main' -p='BANANA'

In PHP, instantiate a PragmaManager and use it to turn pragmas on. By default, all pragmas are off unless explicitly set using setPragma or setPragmas, but changes can be undone using unsetPragma.

$delivery = cjsDelivery\Delivery::create(array('sendSignals' => true));

$pragmamanager = new PragmaManager($delivery->getSignalManager(), $delivery->getDependencyResolver());

$mainmodule = './examples/fruit/modules/main';

The PragmaManager uses signals sent by an Arua.Signal signal manager to process code from added modules. Using pragmas will enable the signal manager even if sendSignals is set to false in the options hashmap.

Minified identifiers

By default, cjsDelivery will flatten the module tree internally, rewriting path/to/module as module, for example. In a production environment it makes sense to use non-mnemonic identifiers to save space. If enabled, cjsDelivery will rewrite path/to/module as A, path/to/othermodule as B and so on.

Try this example:

delivery --main_module='./examples/fruit/modules/main' --minify_identifiers

In PHP, set minifyIdentifiers to true when instantiating using the factory class.

$delivery = cjsDelivery\Delivery::create(array('minifyIdentifiers' => true));

$mainmodule = './examples/fruit/modules/main';


You might have a globals.js or utilities.js file (or both!) as part of your project, each containing variables or helper functions that you want to have available across all modules. To save you having to require these in your other modules, you can compile them in as globals.

delivery --main_module='./examples/globals/main' -g 'examples/globals/utilities' -g 'examples/globals/globals'

Global files have require within their scope and are parsed for dependencies.

In PHP, global file paths can be passed to the factory method in the options hashmap by setting the value of the globals key to an array of paths.

$globals = array('examples/globals/utilities', 'examples/globals/globals');

$delivery = cjsDelivery\Delivery::create(array('globals' => $globals));

$mainmodule = './examples/globals/main';

How dependencies are resolved

Code is always parsed statically, meaning statements like require(pathVariable + '/mymodule') will not be handled. You should use only a string literal as the argument to require.

The .js or .json extensions may not be added to module paths in require statements. Doing so will result in an E_USER_NOTICE level error being triggered, although the error is not fatal and operation will continue.

The following algorithm is used when resolving the given path to a dependency:

  1. if path does not start with . or /
    1. for each include path, append path and go to 2.
  2. if a file is at path
    1. add the file at path to the list of dependencies
  3. if a directory is at path
    1. check for for the file index.js in directory path and if positive, append index.js to path and go to 2.
    2. check package.json in path and if the main property exists set path to its value and go to 2.
    3. check for a file with the same as the directory and if positive, append to path and go to 2.
    4. check whether the directory only contains one file and if positive, append to path and go to 2.
  4. throw an exception


Please see the closed milestones.

Credits and license

cjsDelivery is copyright © 2012 Matthew Caruana Galizia, licensed under an MIT license.

CommonJS is copyright © 2009 - Kevin Dangoor and many CommonJS contributors, licensed under an MIT license.