Migrate a Zend Framework project or third-party library to target Laminas/Expressive/Apigility

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1.5.0 2022-11-15 21:39 UTC


🇷🇺 Русским гражданам

Мы, участники Laminas, родились и живем в разных странах. У многих из нас есть друзья, родственники и коллеги как в России, так и в Украине. Некоторые из нас родились в России. Некоторые из нас живут в России. У некоторых бабушки и дедушки сражались с фашистами во Второй мировой войне. Здесь никто не поддерживает фашизм.

У одного из нас есть украинская родственница, которая спаслась из дома вместе с сыном. Поезд задержался из-за бомбежки на дороге впереди. У нас есть друзья, которые прячутся в бомбоубежищах. Мы с тревогой ждем весточки от них после воздушных налетов, которые беспорядочно наносят удары и попадают по больницам, школам, детским садам и домам. Мы не берем это из каких-либо СМИ. Мы наблюдаем это напрямую.

Вы доверяете нам достаточно, чтоб использовать наши программы, и мы просим вас довериться нам вновь. Мы нуждаемся в помощи. Выходите и протестуйте против этой бесполезной войны. Остановите кровопролитие. Скажите "Нет войне!"

🇺🇸 To Citizens of Russia

We at Laminas come from all over the world. Many of us have friends, family and colleagues in both Russia and Ukraine. Some of us were born in Russia. Some of us currently live in Russia. Some have grandparents who fought Nazis in World War II. Nobody here supports fascism.

One team member has a Ukrainian relative who fled her home with her son. The train was delayed due to bombing on the road ahead. We have friends who are hiding in bomb shelters. We anxiously follow up on them after the air raids, which indiscriminately fire at hospitals, schools, kindergartens and houses. We're not taking this from any media. These are our actual experiences.

You trust us enough to use our software. We ask that you trust us to say the truth on this. We need your help. Go out and protest this unnecessary war. Stop the bloodshed. Say "stop the war!"

Migrate a Zend Framework project or third-party library to target Laminas, Expressive, and/or Apigility.

This tool will migrate:

  • Zend Framework MVC projects, all v2 and v3 releases.
  • Apigility projects, all versions
  • Expressive versions, all versions

For more details, please read the documentation and FAQ.


Via Composer

Install the library globally using Composer:

$ composer global require laminas/laminas-migration

Via cloning

Clone the repository somewhere:

$ git clone

Install dependencies:

$ cd laminas-migration
$ composer install

From there, either add the bin/ directory to your $PATH, symlink the bin/laminas-migration script to a directory in your $PATH, or create an alias to the bin/laminas-migration script using your shell:

# Adding to PATH:
$ export PATH=/path/to/laminas-migration/bin:$PATH
# Symlinking to a directory in your PATH:
$ cd $HOME/bin && ln -s /path/to/laminas-migration/bin/laminas-migration .
# creating an alias:
$ alias laminas-migration=/path/to/laminas-migration/bin/laminas-migration


Migrating a library or project

To migrate a library or project to Laminas, use the migrate command:

$ laminas-migration migrate [--no-plugin] [--exclude=|-e=] [--keep-locked-versions] [path]


  • [path] is the path to the project you want to migrate; if omitted, the command assumes the current working directory.

  • [--no-plugin] can be specified to omit adding the Composer plugin laminas/laminas-dependency-plugin to your library or project. We do not recommend using this option; the plugin ensures that any nested dependencies on Zend Framework packages will instead install the Laminas variants. There are very few cases where this behavior is not desired.

  • [--exclude=|-e=] can be used multiple times to specify directories to omit from the migration. Examples might include your data/ or cache/ directories.

  • [--keep-locked-versions] will synchronize your composer.json with the composer.lock packages before the migration starts. This will ensure that your projects stays on the same versions even after deleting the lock-file. Thus, after running composer install (after the migration finished, you can manually re-configure your composer.json again by using a diff-tool) and updating the composer.lock by just using composer update --lock. This wont trigger any update but refreshes the composer.lock to be back in sync with the composer.json again. Please note that we encourage to upgrade to the latest versions to avoid unexpected issues. If you experiencing issues after migration while using this flag we cannot offer support.

When done, you can check to see what files were changed, and examine the composer.json. Run composer install to install dependencies, and then test your application.

Forcing nested dependencies to resolve to Laminas packages

If you use the --no-plugin option to the migrate command, you can migrate nested dependencies manually using the nested-deps command:

$ laminas-migration nested-deps [path] [--composer=composer]


  • [path] is the path to the project for which you want to perform the operation; if omitted, the command assumes the current working directory.

  • --composer allows you to provide a custom path to the composer binary.

This will be a one-off operation. If you add dependencies later, or perform a composer update, you may need to re-run it.