keboola/phpunit-retry-annotations

Traits for retrying test methods and classes in PHPUnit

v0.4 2022-05-19 13:04 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2022-12-30 22:38:55 UTC


README

Traits for retrying test methods and classes in PHPUnit.

Installation

composer require --dev keboola/phpunit-retry-annotations

Configuring retries

The default retries count is set to 3, when you want to change default retries for all tests copy&paste file phpunit-retry.xml.dist from this library into the root directory of your application and change value of baseRetryCount

Retry using a specified number of retries

/**
 * @retryAttempts 2
 */
class MyTest extends PHPUnit\Framework\TestCase
{
    use PHPUnitRetry\RetryTrait;

    public function testSomethingFlakeyTwice()
    {
        // Retry a flakey test up to two times
    }

    /**
     * @retryAttempts 3
     */
    public function testSomethingFlakeyThreeTimes()
    {
        // Retry a flakey test up to three times
    }
}

NOTE: "Attempts" represents the number of times a test is retried. Providing "@retryAttempts" a value of 0 has no effect, and would not retry.

Retry until a specific duration has passed

/**
 * @retryForSeconds 90
 */
class MyTest extends PHPUnit\Framework\TestCase
{
    use PHPUnitRetry\RetryTrait;

    public function testSomethingFlakeyFor90Seconds()
    {
        // retries for 90 seconds
    }

    /**
     * @retryForSeconds 1800
     */
    public function testSomethingFlakeyFor30Minutes()
    {
        // retries for 30 minutes
    }
}

Configuring retry conditions

Retry only for certain exceptions

By default, retrying happens when any exception other than PHPUnit\Framework\IncompleteTestError and PHPUnit\Framework\SkippedTestError is thrown.

Because you may not always want to retry, you can configure your test to only retry under certain conditions. For example, you can only retry if your tests throw a certain exception.

/**
 * @retryAttempts 3
 * @retryIfException MyApi\ResourceExhaustedException
 */

You can retry for multiple exceptions.

/**
 * @retryAttempts 3
 * @retryIfException MyApi\RateLimitExceededException
 * @retryIfException ServiceUnavailableException
 */

Retry based on a custom method

For more complex logic surrounding whether you should retry, define a custom retry method:

/**
 * @retryAttempts 3
 * @retryIfMethod isRateLimitExceededException
 */
public function testWithCustomRetryMethod()
{
    // retries only if the method `isRateLimitExceededException` returns true.
}

/**
 * @param Exception $e
 */
private function isRateLimitExceededException(Exception $e)
{
    // Check if HTTP Status code is 429 "Too many requests"
    return ($e instanceof HttpException && $e->getStatusCode() == 429);
}

Define arbitrary arguments for your retry method by passing them into the annotation:

/**
 * @retryAttempts 3
 * @retryIfMethod exceptionStatusCode 429
 */
public function testWithCustomRetryMethod()
{
    // retries only if the method `exceptionStatusCode` returns true.
}

/**
 * @param Exception $e
 */
private function exceptionStatusCode(Exception $e, $statusCode)
{
    // Check if HTTP status code is $statusCode
    return ($e instanceof HttpException && $e->getStatusCode() == $statusCode);
}

Configuring delay

Delay for a duration between each retry

/**
 * @retryAttempts 3
 * @retryDelaySeconds 10
 */

Delay for an amount increasing exponentially based on the retry attempt

/**
 * @retryAttempts 3
 * @retryDelayMethod exponentialBackoff
 */

The behavior of the exponentialBackoff method is to start at 1 second and increase to a maximum of 60 seconds. The maximum delay can be customized by supplying a second argument to the annotation

/**
 * This test will delay with exponential backoff, with a maximum delay of 10 minutes.
 *
 * @retryAttempts 30
 * @retryDelayMethod exponentialBackoff 600
 */

Define a custom delay method

/**
 * @retryAttempts 3
 * @retryDelayMethod myCustomDelay
 */
public function testWithCustomDelay()
{
    // retries using the method `myCustomDelay`.
}

/**
 * @param int $attempt The current test attempt
 */
private function myCustomDelay($attempt)
{
    // Doubles the sleep each attempt, but not longer than 10 seconds.
    sleep(min($attempt * 2, 10));
}

Define arbitrary arguments for your delay function by passing them into the annotation:

/**
 * @retryAttempts 3
 * @retryDelayMethod myCustomDelay 10 60
 */
public function testWithCustomDelay()
{
    // retries using the method `myCustomDelay`.
}

/**
 * @param int $attempt The current test attempt.
 * @param int $multiplier Rate of exponential backoff delay.
 * @param int $maxDelay Maximum time to wait regardless of retry attempt.
 */
private function myCustomDelay($attempt, $multiplier, $maxDelay)
{
    // Increases exponentially
    sleep(min($attempt * $multiplier, $max));
}