jrfnl/qawpprojects

A set of PHP Codesniffer standards which can be used to check the code quality of WordPress projects.

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Type:phpcodesniffer-standard

1.0.1 2020-01-19 17:56 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2020-05-19 18:54:47 UTC


README

Build Status

Introduction

This project primarily was created as an example / proof of concept for talks about how to use a variety of PHPCS rules and standards to get an indication of code quality for WordPress plugins and themes.

As a secondary use-case, this project can be used to install all relevant WordPress related PHP_CodeSniffer rulesets in one go.

Note: This repository will not be actively maintained.

Talks

Presentations which feature this repo:

Date Event Slides Video
Dec 2019 WP Leiden meetup Slides
Mar 2018 WordCamp Rotterdam Slides Video
Nov 2017 WordCamp Utrecht Slides Video
Sep 2017 WP Fryslân meetup Slides

Installation

Requirements

Installation for a specific project

About project based installation:

Using this method, the tooling will only be available to that specific project.

Pros: Using a project based install, you document what tooling the project uses and make it easy for other contributors to the project to install that tooling.

Cons: For each additional project, you will need to do the installation again.

From the project root, run the following command:

composer require --dev jrfnl/qawpprojects

The PHP_CodeSniffer command will now be available from the project root as vendor/bin/phpcs.

To update the install in the future, run the following command from the project root:

composer update jrfnl/qawpprojects --with-dependencies

Global installation

About global installation:

Using this method, the tooling will be available from anywhere on your system.

Pros: You only need to install it once.

Cons: If you use the tooling for your projects and the projects are open to other contributors, it will be unclear what tooling you expect them to use.

Run the following command from anywhere on your system:

composer global require --dev jrfnl/qawpprojects

Make sure the Composer "home" vendor/bin directory is in your system path. To find out what the Composer "home" directory is, run composer config --list --global and see what's listed under home. Take that directory, add /vendor/bin to it and make sure it's in your operating system's $PATH variable.

The PHP_CodeSniffer command will now be available from anywhere on your computer as phpcs.

To update the install in the future, run the following command from anywhere on your system:

composer global update jrfnl/qawpprojects --with-dependencies

Verify the install succeeded

Once the installation is finished, run the following command to verify the installation was succesfull:

# For a project based install:
vendor/bin/phpcs -i

# For a global install:
phpcs -i

The output should look like this:

The installed coding standards are MySource, PEAR, PSR1, PSR12, PSR2, Squiz, Zend, WP-QA-Basic, WP-QA-Strict,
PHPCompatibility, PHPCompatibilityParagonieRandomCompat, PHPCompatibilityParagonieSodiumCompat, PHPCompatibilityWP,
WordPress, WordPress-Core, WordPress-Docs, WordPress-Extra and WPThemeReview

Using the installed rulesets

After installation, you can use any of the above listed PHPCS rulesets, or a combination of them, for your projects.

  • WordPress-Core checks code based on the code-style and best practice guidelines described in the WordPress PHP Coding Standards Handbook.
  • WordPress-Docs checks code documentation based on the guidelines described in the WordPress PHP Documentation Standards Handbook.
  • WordPress-Extra is WordPress-Core + extra checks for common best practices, both for code in general, as well as WordPress specific best practices.
  • WordPress is a combination of the above three rulesets.

For plugins and themes, using either WordPress or WordPress-Extra is recommended.

  • PHPCompatibilityWP checks code for being PHP cross-version compatible while preventing false positives for PHP features polyfilled in WordPress itself. This is the recommended PHPCompatibility ruleset to use for WordPress projects. The other PHPCompatibility rulesets listed are included in this ruleset.

  • WPThemeReview is specifically for WordPress themes and checks the code against the guidelines for submission to the Theme repository on wordpress.org as described in the Theme Handbook

It is strongly recommended to document the settings you use in a custom ruleset and to add some minimal sniff configuration for optimal results.

An example ruleset which you can place in the root of your project, including documentation on what you should adjust, can be found in the sample-project-ruleset directory.

Reviewing WordPress plugins and themes

This repository comes with two native rulesets - WP-QA-Basic and WP-QA-Strict - which are specifically intended for reviewing WordPress plugins and themes without much knowledge of code.

These rulesets do not look at the code style consistency of code. They will only evaluate whether code is well documented, tested and whether there are any code quality issues detected.

When you run either of these rulesets over a project, a customized report will be displayed to give you a fingerspitzengefuhl of the code quality of a project.

Before running the tool

To use this tool to review WordPress plugins and themes, the tool needs a little bit of information about the plugin/theme you want to review.

  • Download the plugin/theme and unzip it.
  • Check with your webhost on which version of PHP the site for which you want to use the plugin/theme is running.
  • Open the readme.txt file in the root of the plugin/theme directory and check what the minimum supported WP version is for the plugin/theme.
  • Open the plugin main file or the theme functions.php file and check if it has a Text Domain: my-plugin header. If it has, make a note of the text domain. Otherwise, use the plugin/theme slug.
  • "Guess" the prefixes the plugin/theme will use. Often this is the plugin/theme slug or an acronym based on the plugin/theme slug. For instance for bbPress, the prefix might be (and is): bbp.

How to run ?

Run the tool from the project root like so (command based on global install):

phpcs . --standard=WP-QA-Basic --basepath=./ --runtime-set testVersion 5.6- --runtime-set minimum_supported_wp_version 4.5 --runtime-set prefixes plugin_prefix,plugin_acronym --ignore=*/node-modules/* --runtime-set text_domain plugin-slug

⚠️ Do replace the various values in the command with the values you looked up in the previous step.

The output will look something like this:

WORDPRESS PROJECT QA REPORT
====================================================================================================
This report highlights potential problem areas in the scanned code.
It is advisable to let an experienced developer assess whether the highlighted issues are actually
problematic.
This report is intended solely as soft advise, not as a hard judgement.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

====================================================================================================
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE ANALYSED CODE BASE.
====================================================================================================

File Type |  Files  |     Lines *  |        Code         |       Comments
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
plugin    |     272 |        90640 |       57752 (63.7%) |       33160 (36.6%)
test      |      31 |          202 |         174 (86.1%) |          59 (29.2%)
vendor    |       0 |            0 |                     |
==============================================================================
Totals    |     303 |        90842 |       57926 (63.8%) |       33219 (36.6%)

* These stats exclude all blank lines.

====================================================================================================
ISSUES FOUND PER CATEGORY *
====================================================================================================
PLUGIN FILES                 | Errors   | % of LOC | Warnings | % of LOC
------------------------------------------------------------------------
hard errors                  |        1 |    0.00% |    -     |
dangerous code               |        2 |    0.00% |    -     |
untestable code              |       32 |    0.04% |       55 |    0.06%
outdated code                |    -     |          |        3 |    0.00%
messy code                   |    -     |          |       32 |    0.04%
incompatible code - PHP      |       75 |    0.08% |        2 |    0.00%
incompatible code - WP       |    -     |          |    -     |
potentially conflicting code |      173 |    0.19% |       24 |    0.03%
========================================================================
Total                        |      283 |    0.31% |      116 |    0.13%

TEST FILES                   | Errors   | % of LOC | Warnings | % of LOC
------------------------------------------------------------------------
hard errors                  |    -     |          |    -     |
dangerous code               |    -     |          |    -     |
untestable code              |    -     |          |    -     |
outdated code                |    -     |          |    -     |
messy code                   |    -     |          |    -     |
incompatible code - PHP      |    -     |          |        1 |    0.50%
incompatible code - WP       |    -     |          |    -     |
potentially conflicting code |        9 |    4.46% |    -     |
========================================================================
Total                        |        9 |    4.46% |        1 |    0.50%
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

💡 Pro-tip

Use a custom ruleset instead of this long command. See the sample-project-ruleset for a starting point and replace <rule ref="WordPress"/> in the Set the rules section with the WP-QA ruleset you want to use.

Once you have a custom ruleset set up, the command simply becomes:

vendor/bin/phpcs

How to interpret the results ?

If the resulting report is a mystery to you, I'd recommend watching the video from the talk at WordCamp Rotterdam to hear how to interpret the results.

License

This code is released under the MIT License.