## jlawrence/eos

Parse and solve math equations without using 'eval()'.

Requires (Dev)

- phpunit/phpunit: 4.*
- codeclimate/php-test-reporter: dev-master

# README

## Installation

Install EOS with Composer

Add the dependency:

"require": { "jlawrence/eos": "3.*" }

Run `composer update`

and you're done.

## Equation Operating System

### jlawrence\eos\

This class makes it incredibly easy to use and parse/solve equations in
your own applications. **NOTE** ALL of the functions within
these classes are static. It is also important to note that these
classes throw exceptions if running in to errors, please read the beginning
of the `Math.php`

file for the defines of the exceptions thrown. Exceptions
includes a descriptive message of the error encountered and within `Parser`

will
also typically include the full equation used.

#### Parser

This class has one important function, `Parser::solve()`

which does all the legwork,
so we'll start there and end with examples.

```
use jlawrence\eos\Parser;
```

##### solve($infix, $variables)

To use this function:

```
$value = Parser::solve($eq, $vars);
```

*$infix*

Is simply a standard equation with variable support.

Example Equations:

```
2(4x)
5+((1+2)*4)+3
5+4(1+2)+3
10*sin(x)
10*cos(x)
```

The parser has good implied multiplication.

*$variables*

The variables are fairly simple to understand. If it contains a scalar (ie
a non-array value) *every* variable within the equation will be replaced with
that number. If it contains an array, there will be a by-variable replacement -
note that the array MUST be in the format of `'variable' => value`

Such as:

```
array(
'x' => 2,
'y' => 3
);
```

Given the equation:

```
5x^y
```

If this is called by:

```
Parser::solveIF('5x^y', 2);
```

It will equal '20', as every variable is replaced by 2. However, if called like:

```
Parser::solveIF('5x^y', array(
'x' => 2,
'y' => 3));
```

You will get the result of '40' as it would equate to `5*2^3`

, as expected.

#### jlawrence\eos\Graph

To use:

```
use jlawrence\eos\Graph;
```

This is the fun class that can create graphs. The image will default to 640x480, to initialize a different size use:

```
Graph::init($width, $height);
```

The `$width`

and `$height`

are the values used for the image size.

##### graph($eq, $xLow, $xHigh, [$xStep, $xyGrid, $yGuess, ...])

This method will generate the graph for the equation (`$eq`

) with a min and max
`x`

range that it will parse through. All Variables explained:

`$eq`

The Standard Equation to use.*Must*have a variable in it. (ie`x`

)`$xLow`

The starting point for the calculations - the left side of the graph.`$xHigh`

The last point calculated for the variable - the right side of the graph.`$xStep`

Stepping point for the variable. Set to null/false to use the smart xStep feature within the graph class.`$xyGrid = false`

Show`x/y`

gridlines on the graph. Defaults to false. Each grid line is set at an integer, with a max of 30 lines, so it will calculate the stepping for it. When the grid is show, the lines are labeled along the top and left side of the image.`$yGuess = true`

Guess the Lower and Upper`y-bounds`

(The bottom and top of the image respectively.) This will set the the bounds to the lowest`y`

value encountered for the`$yLow`

, and the largest`y`

value for`$yHigh`

.`$yLow = null`

Lower bound for`y`

. Will be reset if a lower value for`y`

is found if`$yGuess`

is true.`$yHigh = null`

Upper bound for`y`

. Will be reset if a larger`y`

value is found if`$yGuess`

is true.

If you don't want the axis' labeled with their numbers, you can turn off the default behavior with:

```
Graph::$labelAxis = false;
```

TODO:

- Allow user-defined colors for all aspects of the graph.

To set up a graph with a `21x21`

window (ie `-10 to 10`

) for the equation
`sin(x)`

and output as PNG, would use as:

```
Graph::graph('sin(x)', -10, 10, 0.01, true, false, -10, 10);
Graph::outPNG();
```

## Development

### Testing

Run the unit tests by first installing phpunit with (from the repository root)

```
composer update
```

Then run the tests with

```
phpunit
```

When creating classes for adding functions to the package, make sure to call
`Parser::solveIF()`

instead of `Parser::solve()`

so that the class retains
the full original equation used by the user.