2.1.6 2017-09-29 14:55 UTC


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BetterDOMDocument is a handy PHP utility class for working with XML. It's a wrapper for PHP's built in DOMDocument that provides a bunch of nice shortcuts that makes working with XML in PHP a breeze. It has great built-in support for namespaces, and xpath queries.

composer require highwire/better-dom-document

use BetterDOMDocument\DOMDoc;

// We can load a new BetterDOMDocument from either a string or a DOMNode object
$dom = new DOMDoc($xmlstring);

// It's easy to output the entire document as an array, which is sometimes easier to work with in PHP
$array = $dom->getArray();

// It's easy to query too!
$node_list = $dom->xpath('//xpath/to/node', $optional_context_node);

// If you know you're only going to find a single DOMNode, you can use a querySingle
$dom_node = $dom->xpathSingle('//xpath/to/node');

// Swapping out DOMNodes is really easy
$dom->replace($dom_node, $replacementNode);

// Removing a node is easy

// Most places where you want to pass a DOMNode or element, you can just pass an xpath instead

// The same goes for replacments
$dom->replace('//xpath/to/replace', '<xml>You can pass a string, a DOMNode, or a document</xml>');

// It's easy to output the XML
$xml = $dom->out();

// Or just output a single DOMNode
$xml = $dom->out($dom_node);

// Working with namespaced documents is made really easy
$xml = '
  <entry xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom" xmlns:nlm="http://schema.highwire.org/NLM/Journal">
      <name>Li Xu</name>
      <nlm:name name-style="eastern">

// If your document (like the one above) has a default namespace, you should declare 
// it's prefix as the second value when constructing a new BetterDOMDocument
$dom = new DOMDoc($xml, 'atom'); // We register the 'atom' prefix against the default namespace

// Now we can do mixed namespace queries!
$surname = $dom->querySingle('//atom:author/nlm:name/nlm:surname')->nodeValue;

// If you need to register another namespace before doing a query, thats a snap.
// Note that by default all namespace declarations in the root element are automatically registered. 

// If you want to query with CSS selectors, no problem!