Makes it possible to set environment variables for composer projects.

Fund package maintenance!

Installs: 2 776 650

Dependents: 37

Suggesters: 6

Security: 0

Stars: 153

Watchers: 8

Forks: 16

Open Issues: 4


v3.1.0 2024-02-07 13:03 UTC


dotenv connector Build Status

This is a composer plugin, that makes environment variables from a .env file available for any composer based project, without the need to modify code in the project.

Background info

You may want to read why it is a good idea to store config in the environment. The idea of dotenv is to make this as easy as possible and this is why the phpdotenv library was created. phpdotenv loads environment variables from an .env file to getenv(), $_ENV and $_SERVER, but you need to add the parsing code for that yourself.

composer + symfony/dotenv + dotenv connector = <3

The idea of this library is, that every composer managed project, a .env file (in the same location as your root composer.json) is automatically parsed and loaded, at composer autoload initialisation time. This means that the environment variables are available very early, so that you can use it also during boot time of your application.

If the environment variable APP_ENV is set to any value, or the specified .env file does not exist, no operation is performed, so that you can safely require this package for production.

If you have the possibility to expose environment variables in a production environment, it is recommended to do so and also set APP_ENV and use the variables that are directly exposed in the environment.

However for smaller scale projects it is still a valid and easy solution to use a .env file also for production environments.

configuration options

Usually you don't need any configuration options. However if you need to, you can adapt the path or name of the .env to fit your requirements.

You configure dotenv connector in the extra section of the root composer.json file like that:

  "extra": {
      "helhum/dotenv-connector": {
          "env-file": ".env",
          "adapter": "Helhum\\DotEnvConnector\\Adapter\\SymfonyDotEnv"


You can specify a relative path from the base directory, if you want to put your .env file a different location.

The default value is ".env", which means next to your root composer.json.

Side note for quoting values in the .env file

As the .env file parsing behaves like if it was included in a shell, you have to be aware of that values with literal $ signs need to be enclosed in single quotes. This may be the case if you use hashed values of credentials you pass via .env, for example.


You can specify a class that implements \Helhum\DotEnvConnector\DotEnvVars interface, if you need a different way to expose env vars.

The default value is "Helhum\DotEnvConnector\Adapter\SymfonyDotEnv", which uses symfony/dotenv default parsing of the one .env file.

This could be useful though e.g. if you prefer to use another dotenv parsing library to expose the variables defined in .env or you want to switch to another parsing strategy of the Symfony dotenv parsing. In the latter case use "Helhum\DotEnvConnector\Adapter\SymfonyLoadEnv" as value for this option. Have a look at the existing implementations for examples.


Any feedback is appreciated. Please write bug reports, feature request, create pull requests, or just drop me a "thank you" via Twitter or spread the word.

Thank you!