gregwar/cache

A lightweight file-system cache system

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Language: PHP

v1.0.10 2014-09-24 11:23 UTC

README

Build status

This is a lightweight cache system based on file and directories.

Usage

Step 1: Install it

Via composer:

{
    "require": {
        "gregwar/cache": "1.0.*"
    }
}

Or with a clone of the repository:

git clone https://github.com/Gregwar/Cache.git

Or downloading it:

Step 2: Setup the rights

You need your PHP script to have access to the cache directory, you can for instance create a cache directory with mode 777:

mkdir cache
chmod 777 cache

Step 3: Access the cache

To access the cache, you can do like this:

<?php

include('vendor/autoload.php'); // If using composer

use Gregwar\Cache\Cache;

$cache = new Cache;
$cache->setCacheDirectory('cache'); // This is the default

// If the cache exists, this will return it, else, the closure will be called
// to create this image
$data = $cache->getOrCreate('red-square.png', array(), function($filename) {
    $i = imagecreatetruecolor(100, 100);
    imagefill($i, 0, 0, 0xff0000);
    imagepng($i, $filename);
});

header('Content-type: image/png');
echo $data;

This will render a red square. If the cache file (which will look like `cache/r/e/d/-/s/red-square.png') exists, it will be read, else, the closure will be called in order to create the cache file.

API

You can use the following methods:

  • setCacheDirectory($directory): sets the cache directory (see below).
  • setActualCacheDirectory($directory): sets the actual cache directory (see below).
  • exists($filename, $conditions = array()): check that the $filename file exists in the cache, checking the conditions (see below).
  • check($filename, $conditions = array()): alias for exists.
  • getCacheFile($filename, $actual = false, $mkdir = false): gets the cache file. If the $actual flag is true, the actual cache file name will be returned (see below), if the $mkdir flag is true, the cache file directories tree will be created.
  • set($filename, $contents): write contents to $filename cache file.
  • write($filename, $contents): alias for set()
  • get($filename, $conditions = array()): if the cache file for $filename exists, contents will be returned, else, NULL will be returned.
  • setPrefixSize($prefixSize): sets the prefix size for directories, default is 5. For instance, the cache file for helloworld.txt, will be 'h/e/l/l/o/helloworld.txt.
  • setDirectoryMode($directoryMode): sets the directory mode when creating directories, default is 0755. Does not affect any directories previously created.
  • getOrCreate($filename, $conditions = array(), $function, $file = false): this will check if the $filename cache file exists and verifies $conditions (see below). If the cache file is OK, it will return its contents. Else, it will call the $function, passing it the target file, this function can write the file given in parameter or just return data. Then, cache data will be returned. If $file flag is set, the cache file name will be returned instead of file data.

Note: consider using an hash for the $filename cache file, to avoid special characters.

Conditions

You can use conditions to manage file expirations on the cache, there is two way of expiring:

  • Using max-age, in seconds, to set the maximum age of the file
  • Using younger-than, by passing another file, this will compare the modification date and regenerate the cache if the given file is younger.

For instance, if you want to uppercase a file:

<?php

use Gregwar\Cache\Cache;

$cache = new Cache;

$data = $cache->getOrCreate('uppercase.txt',
    array(
        'younger-than' => 'original.txt'
    ),
    function() {
        echo "Generating file...\n";
        return strtoupper(file_get_contents('original.txt'));
});

echo $data;

This will be create the uppercase.txt cache file by uppercasing the original.txt if the cache file does not exists or if the original.txt file is more recent than the cache file.

For instance:

php uppercase.php  # Will generate the cache file
php uppercase.php  # Will not generate the cache file
touch original.txt # Sets the last modification time to now
php uppercase.php  # Will re-generate the cache file

Cache directory and actual cache directory

In some cases, you'll want to get the cache file name. For instance, if you're caching images, you'll want to give a string like cache/s/o/m/e/i/someimage.png to put it into an <img> tag. This can be done by passing the $file argument to the getOrCreate to true, or directly using getCacheFile method (see above).

However, the visible cache directory of your users is not the same as the absolute path you want to access. To do that, you can set both the cache directory and the actual cache directory.

The cache directory is the prefix visible by the users (for instance: cache/s/o/m/e/i/someimage.png), and the actual cache directory is the prefix to use to actually access to the image (for instance: /var/www/somesite/cache/s/o/m/e/i/someimage.png). This way, the file will be accessed using absolute path and the cache file returned will directly be usable for your user's browsers.

License

This repository is under the MIT license, have a look at the LICENCE file.