gielfeldt/iterators

Various iterators.

0.2.0 2018-11-04 00:27 UTC

This package is not auto-updated.

Last update: 2024-04-04 10:33:40 UTC


README

Build Status Test Coverage Code Climate Scrutinizer Code Quality

Latest Stable Version Latest Unstable Version Dependency Status License Total Downloads

Documentation Status Documentation Status

Installation

composer require gielfeldt/iterators

Iterators

This library contains a bunch of various iterators that I made primarily for getting more acquainted with iterators in PHP. Some may be useful. Some may be silly.

Enjoy!

CachingIterator

ChecksumIterator

ChunkIterator

CloningIterator

CombineIterator

CountableIterator

DiffIterator

FiniteIterator

FlipIterator

GlobIterator

IndexIterator

InfiniteIterator

InterleaveIterator

IntersectIterator

TraversableIterator

KeysIterator

MapIterator

RandomIterator

RepeatIterator

ReplaceableIterator

ReservoirSamplingIterator

ShuffleIterator

SortIterator

StepIterator

UniqueIterator

ValuesIterator

CachingIterator

Cache an iterator for multiple iterations.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\CachingIterator;

$input = new \ArrayIterator(range(1, 4));
$input = new \NoRewindIterator($input);
$cached = new CachingIterator($input);

print_r(iterator_to_array($cached));
print_r(iterator_to_array($cached));

Output:

Array
(
    [0] => 1
    [1] => 2
    [2] => 3
    [3] => 4
)
Array
(
    [0] => 1
    [1] => 2
    [2] => 3
    [3] => 4
)

ChecksumIterator

Generate a checksum for an iterator, either per iteration or the entire dataset.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\ChecksumIterator;

$input = new \ArrayIterator([
    ['key1' => 'value1'],
    ['key2' => 'value2'],
    ['key3' => 'value3'],
]);

$iterator = new ChecksumIterator($input, 'md5');
foreach ($iterator as $key => $value) {
    print "$key => $value\n";
}

var_dump($iterator->getChecksum());

var_dump((string) $iterator);

Output:

0 => e2e517365ffe6fedd279364e3fa74786
1 => f0a0db0fc9abe193b21fd657fe678884
2 => c04f606bb5bba82282dfa93edb59c6ee

string(32) "4fd19adc845da6fdd9c7c394f4626bac"

string(32) "4fd19adc845da6fdd9c7c394f4626bac"

ChunkIterator

Split an iterator into chunks of iterators.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\ChunkIterator;
use Gielfeldt\Iterators\AtomicTempFileObject;

// Split a file into multiple files of a 100 lines each.
$file = new \SplFileObject('inputfile');
foreach (new ChunkIterator($file, 100) as $i => $lines) {
    AtomicTempFileObject::file_put_contents("outputfile.part.$i", implode("", iterator_to_array($lines)));
}

CloningIterator

Clone each value in iteration.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\CloningIterator;

$object1 = (object) ['value' => 'test1'];
$object2 = (object) ['value' => 'test2'];
$object3 = (object) ['value' => 'test3'];

$input = new \ArrayIterator([$object1, $object2, $object3]);

$iterator = new CloningIterator($input);
$cloned = iterator_to_array($iterator);
$object1->value = 'MODIFIED';
var_dump(iterator_to_array($input));
var_dump($cloned);

Output:

array(3) {
  [0] =>
  class stdClass#2 (1) {
    public $value =>
    string(8) "MODIFIED"
  }
  [1] =>
  class stdClass#3 (1) {
    public $value =>
    string(5) "test2"
  }
  [2] =>
  class stdClass#4 (1) {
    public $value =>
    string(5) "test3"
  }
}

array(3) {
  [0] =>
  class stdClass#9 (1) {
    public $value =>
    string(5) "test1"
  }
  [1] =>
  class stdClass#10 (1) {
    public $value =>
    string(5) "test2"
  }
  [2] =>
  class stdClass#11 (1) {
    public $value =>
    string(5) "test3"
  }
}

CombineIterator

Similar to array_combine(). However, iterators can have non-unique keys. Be aware of this when using iterator_to_array();

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\CombineIterator;

$keys = new \ArrayIterator(['key1', 'key2', 'key3', 'key1', 'key2', 'key3']);
$values = new \ArrayIterator(['value1', 'value2', 'value3', 'value4', 'value5', 'value6']);

$iterator = new CombineIterator($keys, $values);
foreach ($iterator as $key => $value) {
    print "$key => $value\n";
}

print_r(iterator_to_array($iterator));

Output:

key1 => value1
key2 => value2
key3 => value3
key1 => value4
key2 => value5
key3 => value6
Array
(
    [key1] => value4
    [key2] => value5
    [key3] => value6
)

CountableIterator

Takes any iterator and makes it countable, simply by iterating through it and counting.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\CountableIterator;

$some_noncountable_iterator = new \IteratorIterator(new \ArrayIterator([1, 2, 3]));
$iterator = new CountableIterator($some_noncountable_iterator);
var_dump(count($iterator));

Output:

int(3)

DiffIterator

Compares two iterators. Similar to array_diff(). Possible to set a custom compare function.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\DiffIterator;

$input1 = new \ArrayIterator(['key1'  => 'value1', 'key2'  => 'value2', 'key3'  => 'value3']);
$input2 = new \ArrayIterator(['key11' => 'value1', 'key22' => 'value1', 'key2'  => 'value3']);
$input3 = new \ArrayIterator(['key1'  => 'value2', 'key2'  => 'value2', 'key33' => 'value3']);

$iterator = new DiffIterator($input1, $input2, $input3);
$iterator->setDiff(function ($iterator, $key, $value) {
    return $iterator->key() == $key && $iterator->current() == $value;
});
print_r(iterator_to_array($iterator));

Output:

Array
(
    [key1] => value1
    [key3] => value3
)

FiniteIterator

Provide an end condition through an anonymous function for an iterator.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\FiniteIterator;

$input = new \ArrayIterator(range(1, 8));
$some = new FiniteIterator($input, function ($iterator) {
    return $iterator->current() > 5;
});

print_r(iterator_to_array($some));

Output:

Array
(
    [0] => 1
    [1] => 2
    [2] => 3
    [3] => 4
    [4] => 5
)

FlipIterator

Similar to array_flip(). However, iterators can have non-unique keys. Be aware of this when using iterator_to_array();

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\FlipIterator;

$input = new \ArrayIterator([
    'key1'  => 'value1',
    'key2'  => 'value2',
    'key3'  => 'value3',
    'key4'  => 'value1',
    'key5'  => 'value2',
    'key6'  => 'value3',
]);

$iterator = new FlipIterator($input);
foreach ($iterator as $key => $value) {
    print "$key => $value\n";
}

print_r(iterator_to_array($iterator));

Output:

value1 => key1
value2 => key2
value3 => key3
value1 => key4
value2 => key5
value3 => key6
Array
(
    [value1] => key4
    [value2] => key5
    [value3] => key6
)

GlobIterator

Similar to \GlobIterator, but supports **

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\GlobIterator;

$iterator = new GlobIterator('/tmp/**.log');
var_dump(iterator_to_array($iterator));

Output:

array(2) {
  '/tmp/one.log' =>
  class Gielfeldt\Iterators\GlobIteratorFileInfo#17 (2) {
    private $pathName =>
    string(20) "/tmp/one.log"
    private $fileName =>
    string(10) "one.log"
  }
  '/tmp/somedir/two.log' =>
  class Gielfeldt\Iterators\GlobIteratorFileInfo#16 (2) {
    private $pathName =>
    string(20) "/tmp/somedir/two.log"
    private $fileName =>
    string(15) "two.log"
  }
}

IndexIterator

Iterate only through certain rows of an iterator.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\IndexIterator;

$input = new \ArrayIterator([
    'test1' => 'val6',
    'test2' => 'val5',
    'test3' => 'val4',
    'test4' => 'val3',
    'test5' => 'val2',
    'test6' => 'val1',
]);
$some = new IndexIterator($input, [2, 3, 5]);

print_r(iterator_to_array($some));

Output:

Array
(
    [test3] => val4
    [test4] => val3
    [test6] => val1
)

InfiniteIterator

Like SPL's InfiniteIterator but provides an additional method, getCurrentIteration().

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\InfiniteIterator;
use Gielfeldt\Iterators\FiniteIterator;

$input = new \ArrayIterator(range(1, 4));
$infinite = new InfiniteIterator($input);
$some = new FiniteIterator($infinite, function ($iterator) {
    return $iterator->getCurrentIteration() >= 2 && $iterator->current() > 2;
});

foreach ($some as $k => $v) {
    print $some->getCurrentIteration() . ": $k => $v\n";
}

Output:

0: 0 => 1
0: 1 => 2
0: 2 => 3
0: 3 => 4
1: 0 => 1
1: 1 => 2
1: 2 => 3
1: 3 => 4
2: 0 => 1
2: 1 => 2

InterleaveIterator

Interleave multiple iterators.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\InterleaveIterator;

$input1 = new \ArrayIterator([
    'key1' => 'value11',
    'key2' => 'value12',
    'key3' => 'value13',
]);

$input2 = new \ArrayIterator([
    'key21' => 'value21',
    'key22' => 'value22',
    'key23' => 'value23',
]);

$input3 = new \ArrayIterator([
    'key1' => 'value31',
    'key2' => 'value32',
    'key3' => 'value33',
]);

$iterator = new InterleaveIterator($input1, $input2, $input3);
foreach ($iterator as $key => $value) {
    print "$key => $value\n";
}

print_r(iterator_to_array($iterator));

Output:

key1 => value11
key21 => value21
key1 => value31
key2 => value12
key22 => value22
key2 => value32
key3 => value13
key23 => value23
key3 => value33
Array
(
    [key1] => value31
    [key21] => value21
    [key2] => value32
    [key22] => value22
    [key3] => value33
    [key23] => value23
)

IntersectIterator

Similar to array_intersect(). Possible to set a custom compare function.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\IntersectIterator;

$input1 = new \ArrayIterator(['key1'  => 'value1', 'key2' => 'value2', 'key3' => 'value3']);
$input2 = new \ArrayIterator(['key11' => 'value1', 'key1' => 'value1', 'key2' => 'value3']);
$input3 = new \ArrayIterator(['key1'  => 'value2', 'key2' => 'value2', 'key1' => 'value1']);

$iterator = new IntersectIterator($input1, $input2, $input3);
$iterator->setDiff(function ($iterator, $key, $value) {
    return $iterator->key() == $key && $iterator->current() == $value;
});
print_r(iterator_to_array($iterator));

Output:

Array
(
    [key1] => value1
)

TraversableIterator

Like SPL's IteratorIterator, but with a more meaningful name :-) and provides a getIndex() method.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\TraversableIterator;

$keys = range(1, 10);
shuffle($keys);
$values = range(1, 10);
shuffle($values);

$input = new \ArrayIterator(array_combine($keys, $values));
$iterator = new TraversableIterator($input);

foreach ($iterator as $k => $v) {
    print $iterator->getIndex() . ": $k => $v\n";
}

Output:

0: 1 => 3
1: 4 => 2
2: 9 => 10
3: 3 => 8
4: 2 => 6
5: 5 => 5
6: 8 => 1
7: 10 => 9
8: 6 => 7
9: 7 => 4

KeysIterator

Similar to array_keys().

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\KeysIterator;

$input = new \ArrayIterator([
    'key1' => 'value1',
    'key2' => 'value2',
    'key3' => 'value3',
]);

$iterator = new KeysIterator($input);

print_r(iterator_to_array($iterator));

Output:

Array
(
    [0] => key1
    [1] => key2
    [2] => key3
)

MapIterator

Similar to array_map().

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\MapIterator;

$input = new \ArrayIterator([
    'key1'  => 'value1',
    'key2'  => 'value2',
    'key3'  => 'value3',
    'key4'  => 'value1',
    'key5'  => 'value2',
    'key6'  => 'value3',
]);

// Flip keys and values.
$iterator = new MapIterator($input, function ($iterator) {
    return [$iterator->current(), $iterator->key()];
});

foreach ($iterator as $key => $value) {
    print "$key => $value\n";
}

print_r(iterator_to_array($iterator));

Output:

value1 => key1
value2 => key2
value3 => key3
value1 => key4
value2 => key5
value3 => key6
Array
(
    [value1] => key4
    [value2] => key5
    [value3] => key6
)

RandomIterator

Selects a set of random elements from a traversable. Does not work with iterators that can only be traversed once. For that, see the ReservoirSamplingIterator.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\RandomIterator;

$input = new \ArrayIterator(range(1, 10));
$random = new RandomIterator($input, 4);

var_dump(count($random));

print_r(iterator_to_array($random));

Output:

int(4)
Array
(
    [1] => 2
    [6] => 7
    [7] => 8
    [8] => 9
)

RepeatIterator

Repeat and iterator n times.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\RepeatIterator;

$input = new \ArrayIterator([
    'key1'  => 'value1',
    'key2'  => 'value2',
    'key3'  => 'value3',
]);

$iterator = new RepeatIterator($input, 3);

foreach ($iterator as $key => $value) {
    print "$key => $value\n";
}

print_r(iterator_to_array($iterator));

Output:

key1 => value1
key2 => value2
key3 => value3
key1 => value1
key2 => value2
key3 => value3
key1 => value1
key2 => value2
key3 => value3
Array
(
    [key1] => value1
    [key2] => value2
    [key3] => value3
)

ReplaceableIterator

Just like TraversableIterator but with a setInnerIterator() method.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\ReplaceableIterator;

$iterator = new ReplaceableIterator(new \ArrayIterator(range(1, 4)));
print_r(iterator_to_array($iterator));

$iterator->setInnerIterator(new \ArrayIterator(range(5, 8)));
print_r(iterator_to_array($iterator));

Output:

Array
(
    [0] => 1
    [1] => 2
    [2] => 3
    [3] => 4
)
Array
(
    [0] => 5
    [1] => 6
    [2] => 7
    [3] => 8
)

ReservoirSamplingIterator

Like RandomIterator but works more effeciently on iterators of unknown size or which can be traversed only once.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\ReservoirSamplingIterator;

$input = new \ArrayIterator(range(1, 10));
$input = new \NoRewindIterator($input);
$random = new ReservoirSamplingIterator($input, 4);

print_r(iterator_to_array($random));

Output:

int(4)
Array
(
    [1] => 2
    [6] => 7
    [7] => 8
    [8] => 9
)

ShuffleIterator

Iterate randomly over a traversable.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\ShuffleIterator;

$input = new \ArrayIterator(range(1, 10));
$shuffled = new ShuffleIterator($input);

print_r(iterator_to_array($shuffled));
print_r(iterator_to_array($shuffled));

Output:

Array
(
    [1] => 2
    [4] => 5
    [0] => 1
    [9] => 10
    [7] => 8
    [5] => 6
    [2] => 3
    [8] => 9
    [3] => 4
    [6] => 7
)
Array
(
    [1] => 2
    [9] => 10
    [4] => 5
    [2] => 3
    [5] => 6
    [0] => 1
    [8] => 9
    [3] => 4
    [7] => 8
    [6] => 7
)

SortIterator

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\SortIterator;

$input = new \ArrayIterator([6, 3, 2, 7, 1, 9]);
$iterator = new SortIterator($input);
print_r(iterator_to_array($iterator));

$input = new \ArrayIterator([6, 3, 2, 7, 1, 9]);
$iterator = new SortIterator($input, SortIterator::SORT_DESC);
print_r(iterator_to_array($iterator));

$input = new \ArrayIterator([6, 3, 2, 7, 1, 9]);
$iterator = new SortIterator($input, SortIterator::SORT_ASC, SortIterator::SORT_REINDEX);
print_r(iterator_to_array($iterator));

$input = new \ArrayIterator([6, 3, 2, 7, 1, 9]);
$iterator = new SortIterator($input, SortIterator::SORT_ASC, SortIterator::SORT_REINDEX, function ($a, $b) {
    return -$a->current <=> -$b->current;
});
print_r(iterator_to_array($iterator));

Output:

Array
(
    [4] => 1
    [2] => 2
    [1] => 3
    [0] => 6
    [3] => 7
    [5] => 9
)
Array
(
    [5] => 9
    [3] => 7
    [0] => 6
    [1] => 3
    [2] => 2
    [4] => 1
)
Array
(
    [0] => 1
    [1] => 2
    [2] => 3
    [3] => 6
    [4] => 7
    [5] => 9
)
Array
(
    [0] => 9
    [1] => 7
    [2] => 6
    [3] => 3
    [4] => 2
    [5] => 1
)

StepIterator

Iterate over a traversable in steps.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\StepIterator;

$input = new \ArrayIterator(range(1, 10));
$stepped = new StepIterator($input, 2);

print_r(iterator_to_array($stepped));

Output:

Array
(
    [0] => 1
    [2] => 3
    [4] => 5
    [6] => 7
    [8] => 9
)

UniqueIterator

Similar to array_unique(). Also supports a custom callback function.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\UniqueIterator;

$input = new \ArrayIterator([-4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 5]);

// Unique elements by their square.
$iterator = new UniqueIterator($input, UniqueIterator::REINDEX, function ($iterator) {
    return $iterator->current() * $iterator->current();
});

print_r(iterator_to_array($iterator));

Output:

Array
(
    [0] => -4
    [1] => -3
    [2] => -2
    [3] => -1
    [4] => 0
    [8] => 5
)

ValuesIterator

Similar to array_vales().

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\ValuesIterator;

$input = new \ArrayIterator([
    'key1' => 'value1',
    'key2' => 'value2',
    'key3' => 'value3',
]);

$iterator = new ValuesIterator($input);

print_r(iterator_to_array($iterator));

Output:

Array
(
    [0] => value1
    [1] => value2
    [2] => value3
)

Not iterators as such ...

These are more an extension of the SPL file handling.

CsvFileObject

AtomicTempFileObject

AtomicTempFileObjects

CsvFileObject

An extension of SplFileObject in csv mode, but with csv header support.

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\CsvFileObject;

// Load csv file and dump it.
$file = new CsvFileObject('somefile.csv');
print_r(iterator_to_array($file));

// Same but csv comes via a string variable.
$csvdata = "Columm1,Column2\nValue1,Value2\nValue3,Value4";
$file = new CsvFileObject('data://application/octet,' . $csvdata);
print_r(iterator_to_array($file));

Output:

Array
(
    [0] => Array
        (
            [Columm1] => Value1
            [Column2] => Value2
        )

    [1] => Array
        (
            [Columm1] => Value3
            [Column2] => Value4
        )

)
Array
(
    [0] => Array
        (
            [Columm1] => Value1
            [Column2] => Value2
        )

    [1] => Array
        (
            [Columm1] => Value3
            [Column2] => Value4
        )

)

AtomicTempFileObject

AtomicTempFileObjects

Helpers

Contains various helper methods.

Iterator

use Gielfeldt\Iterators\Iterator;

$input = new \ArrayIterator([1,2,3,4,5,6]);
var_dump(Iterator::sum($input));
var_dump(Iterator::product($input));
var_dump(Iterator::average($input));
var_dump(Iterator::min($input));
var_dump(Iterator::max($input));

Output:

int(21)

int(720)

double(3.5)

int(1)

int(6)

Caveats

  1. Lots probably.