fullscreeninteractive/silverstripe-restful-helpers

1.2.1 2024-01-19 06:59 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2024-07-04 21:06:44 UTC


README

silverstripe-restful-helpers

Another module for providing some base functionality for a basic RESTFul JSON API. While everyone seems to be jumping onto GraphQL, if all you need is a quick setup with not too much configuration to get your head around, nothing beats a simple REST solution.

Handles authenication and provides common functions for serving and parsing API requests. Compared to silverstripe-restfulserver this module does very little scaffolding of models and fields out of the box but instead relies on developers to design the API layout (although scaffolding helpers are available)

Installation

composer require fullscreeninteractive/silverstripe-restful-helpers

Usage

If you plan on using Authenication for your API then you first need to config the https://github.com/Level51/silverstripe-jwt-utils/ module.

app/_config/api.yml

Level51\JWTUtils\JWTUtils:
  secret: 'replace-this-with-a-jwt-secret-for-jwt'
  lifetime_in_days: 365
  renew_threshold_in_minutes: 60

Next step is to setup the routing for the API. You can modify the name of the routes as required for the project. At the very least you would have a project-specific end point which would subclass the ApiController for example, MyProjectsApi.

app/_config/routes.yml

SilverStripe\Control\Director:
  rules:
    'api/v1/auth/$Action': 'FullscreenInteractive\Restful\Controllers\AuthController'
    'api/v1/projects//$Action': 'MyProjectsApi'

Here is an example of MyProjectsApi which demostrates some of the helpers provided by this module. Anyone can GET api/v1/projects/ to retrieve a list of all projects, logged in ADMIN users can POST api/v1/projects/create

app/src/Project.php

<?php

use FullscreenInteractive\Restful\Interfaces\ApiReadable;
use SilverStripe\Security\Member;
use SilverStripe\ORM\DataObject;

class Project extends DataObject implements ApiReadable
{
    private static $db = [
        'Title' => 'Varchar(100)',
        'Date' => 'DBDate'
    ];

    private static $has_one = [
        'Author' => Member::class
    ];

    public function toApi(): array
    {
        return [
            'title' => $this->Title,
            'date' => $this->dbObject('Date')->getTimestamp()
        ];
    }
}

app/src/MyProjectsApi.php

<?php

class MyProjectsApi extends FullscreenInteractive\Restful\Controllers\ApiController
{
    private static $allowed_actions = [
        'index',
        'createProject',
        'deleteProject'
    ];

    public function index()
    {
        $this->ensureGET();

        return $this->returnPaginated(Project::get());
    }

    public function createProject()
    {
        $this->ensurePOST();

        $member = $this->ensureUserLoggedIn([
            'ADMIN'
        ]);

        list($title, $date) = $this->ensureVars([
            'Title',
            'Date' => function($value) {
                return strtotime($value) > 0
            }
        ]);

        $project = new Project();
        $project->Title = $title;
        $project->Date = $date;
        $project->AuthorID = $member->ID;
        $project->write();

        return $this->returnJSON([
            'project' => $project->toApi()
        ]);
    }

    public function deleteProject()
    {
        $this->ensurePOST();

        $member = $this->ensureUserLoggedIn([
            'ADMIN'
        ]);

        list($id) = $this->ensureVars([
            'id'
        ]);

        $project = Project::get()->byID($id);

        if (!$project) {
            return $this->failure([
                'status_code' => 404,
                'message' => 'Unknown project'
            ]);
        }

        if ($project->canDelete($member)) {
            $project->delete();
        }

        return $this->success();
    }
}

Authenication

Authenication is managed via a JWT which can be stored client side. To receive a token the user must first exchange their username / password over basic authenication by making a POST request with the credentials. Usually this is some form of javascript request e.g

fetch('/api/v1/auth/token', {
    method: "POST",
    headers: {
        "Accept": "application/json",
        "Content-Type": "application/json",
        "Cache-control": "no-cache",
        "Authorization": "Basic " + base64.encode(email + ":" + password),
    },
})

The response from that request with either be an error code (> 200) or if user and password is correct, a 200 response containing the JWT. The token and related meta data can be saved securely client side for reuse.

{
    "token": "eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiL...",
    "member": {
        "id": 1,
        "email": "js@lvl51.de",
        "firstName": "Julian",
        "surname": "Scheuchenzuber"
    }
}

If a user's token is invalid, or expired a 401 error will be returned. To validate a users token use the verify endpoint - this will check the token and renew the token if required.

fetch('/api/v1/auth/verify', {
    method: "GET",
    headers: {
    Accept: "application/json",
    "Content-Type": "application/json",
    Authorization: "Bearer " + token,
    },
})

The token can then be used to sign API calls as the Bearer header.

fetch('/api/v1/projects/createProject', {
    method: "POST",
    headers: {
        "Accept": "application/json",
        "Content-Type": "application/json",
        "Cache-control": "no-cache",
        Authorization: "Bearer " + token,
    },
})

Authenication via silverstripe-apikeys

If you would prefer to use API keys rather than JWT tokens, you can use https://github.com/sminnee/silverstripe-apikey and configure it as a route specific middleware

SilverStripe\Core\Injector\Injector:
  ApiRouteMiddleware:
    class: SilverStripe\Control\Middleware\RequestHandlerMiddlewareAdapter
    properties:
      RequestHandler: '%$MyProjectApi'
      Middlewares:
        CustomMiddleware: '%$ApiKeyRequestMiddleware'
  MyProjectApi:
    class: MyProjectApi
  ApiKeyRequestMiddleware:
    class: Sminnee\ApiKey\ApiKeyRequestMiddleware
SilverStripe\Control\Director:
  rules:
    api:
      Controller: '%$ApiRouteMiddleware'

Out of the box, the silverstripe-apikey module will not throw an error if no API key is provided (but it will if a wrong one is). So in the short term you're best to double check and handle if the API key is not provided

public function projects()
{
  if (!$this->ensureUserLoggedIn()) {
    return $this->failure(401);
  }
  
  // ..
}

UUIDs

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/56576985/is-it-a-bad-practice-to-expose-the-database-id-to-the-client-in-your-rest-api/56577271

When designing an API you may wish to avoid exposing your internal ID's to in responses.

To add a UUID field to your object add the following extension to your model

private static $extensions = [
    UuidableExtension::class
];

A UUID will be generated on an objects onBeforeWrite() .

FAQ

I'm getting a 301 redirect when trying to call my api/endpoint

In Silverstripe 5 CanonicalURLMiddleware is enabled to add a trialing slash by default. This can cause issues in production so we recommend disabling this completely for any API routes.

SilverStripe\Core\Injector\Injector:
  SilverStripe\Control\Middleware\CanonicalURLMiddleware:
    properties:
      enforceTrailingSlashConfigIgnorePaths:
        - 'api/'

API Documentation

Todo but it's not massive. See ApiController for now.

Licence

BSD-3-Clause