donatj/flags

GNU-style PHP command line argument parser

v1.2.0 2017-01-16 16:53 UTC

README

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Flags is an argument parser inspired by the Go-lang Flag package, taking its methodology but attaching a GNU-style flag parser.

Flags supports the following style of parameters:

Long-Flags
--key=value / --key value

Short-Flags
-v

GNU Style Multi-Short-Flags
-Xasd

Multiple of the Same Short-Flag
-vvv

As well as the  --  operator for absolute separation of arguments from options.

Requirements

  • php: >=5.3.0

Installing

Install the latest version with:

composer require 'donatj/flags'

Example

Here is a simple example script:

<?php

require(__DIR__ . '/../vendor/autoload.php');

$flags = new donatj\Flags();

$foo     = & $flags->bool('foo', false, 'Enable the foo');
$bar     = & $flags->uint('bar', 10, 'Number of bars');
$baz     = & $flags->string('baz', 'Fred', 'What to name the baz');
$verbose = & $flags->short('v', 'verbosity');

/**
 * No Default value, making qux is *required*
 */
$qux = & $flags->bool('qux');

try {
	$flags->parse();
} catch(Exception $e) {
	die($e->getMessage() . PHP_EOL . $flags->getDefaults() . PHP_EOL);
}

The by-reference = & allows the value to be updated from the default to the argument value once the parse() method has been triggered. This is inspired by the Go Flag packages use of pointers


bash-3.2$ php example/example.php
Expected option --qux missing.
        -v   verbosity
     --foo   Enable the foo
     --bar   [uint] Number of bars
     --baz   [string] What to name the baz
     --qux   <bool>


				

Documentation

Class: \donatj\Flags

Method: Flags->arg

function arg($index)

Returns the n'th command-line argument. arg(0) is the first remaining argument after flags have been processed.

Parameters:
  • int $index
Returns:
  • string

Method: Flags->args

function args()

Returns the non-flag command-line arguments.

Returns:
  • string[] - Array of argument strings

Method: Flags->shorts

function shorts()

Returns an array of short-flag call-counts indexed by character
-v would set the 'v' index to 1, whereas -vvv will set the 'v' index to 3

Returns:
  • array

Method: Flags->longs

function longs()

Returns an array of long-flag values indexed by flag name

Returns:
  • array

Method: Flags->short

function short($letter [, $usage = ''])

Defines a short-flag of specified name, and usage string.
The return value is a reference to an integer variable that stores the number of times the short-flag was called.

This means the value of the reference for v would be the following.

-v => 1  
-vvv => 3
Parameters:
  • string $letter - The character of the short-flag to define
  • string $usage - The usage description
Returns:
  • int

Method: Flags->bool

function bool($name [, $value = null [, $usage = '']])

Defines a bool long-flag of specified name, default value, and usage string.
The return value is a reference to a variable that stores the value of the flag.

Examples
Truth-y
 --mybool=[true|t|1]  
 --mybool [true|t|1]  
 --mybool  
False-y
 --mybool=[false|f|0]  
 --mybool [false|f|0]  
   [not calling --mybool and having the default false]
Parameters:
  • string $name - The name of the long-flag to define
  • mixed $value - The default value - usually false for bool - which if null marks the flag required
  • string $usage - The usage description
Returns:
  • mixed - A reference to the flags value

Method: Flags->float

function float($name [, $value = null [, $usage = '']])

Defines a float long-flag of specified name, default value, and usage string.
The return value is a reference to a variable that stores the value of the flag.

Examples
--myfloat=1.1  
--myfloat 1.1
Parameters:
  • string $name - The name of the long-flag to define
  • mixed $value - The default value which if null marks the flag required
  • string $usage - The usage description
Returns:
  • mixed - A reference to the flags value

Method: Flags->int

function int($name [, $value = null [, $usage = '']])

Defines an integer long-flag of specified name, default value, and usage string.
The return value is a reference to a variable that stores the value of the flag.

Note: Float values trigger an error, rather than casting.

Examples
--myinteger=1  
--myinteger 1
Parameters:
  • string $name - The name of the long-flag to define
  • mixed $value - The default value which if null marks the flag required
  • string $usage - The usage description
Returns:
  • mixed - A reference to the flags value

Method: Flags->uint

function uint($name [, $value = null [, $usage = '']])

Defines a unsigned integer long-flag of specified name, default value, and usage string.
The return value is a reference to a variable that stores the value of the flag.

Note: Negative values trigger an error, rather than casting.

Examples
--myinteger=1  
--myinteger 1
Parameters:
  • string $name - The name of the long-flag to define
  • mixed $value - The default value which if null marks the flag required
  • string $usage - The usage description
Returns:
  • mixed - A reference to the flags value

Method: Flags->string

function string($name [, $value = null [, $usage = '']])

Defines a string long-flag of specified name, default value, and usage string.
The return value is a reference to a variable that stores the value of the flag.

Examples

--mystring=vermouth  
--mystring="blind jazz singers"  
--mystring vermouth  
--mystring "blind jazz singers"
Parameters:
  • string $name - The name of the long-flag to define
  • mixed $value - The default value which if null marks the flag required
  • string $usage - The usage description
Returns:
  • mixed - A reference to the flags value

Method: Flags->getDefaults

function getDefaults()

Returns the default values of all defined command-line flags as a formatted string.

Example
          -v   Output in verbose mode  
 --testsuite   [string] Which test suite to run.  
 --bootstrap   [string] A "bootstrap" PHP file that is run before the specs.  
      --help   Display this help message.  
   --version   Display this applications version.
Returns:
  • string

Method: Flags->parse

function parse([ $args = null [, $ignoreExceptions = false [, $skipFirstArgument = true]]])

Parses flag definitions from the argument list, which should include the command name.
Must be called after all flags are defined and before flags are accessed by the program.

Will throw exceptions on Missing Require Flags, Unknown Flags or Incorrect Flag Types

Parameters:
  • array $args - The arguments to parse, defaults to $GLOBALS['argv']
  • bool $ignoreExceptions - Setting to true causes parsing to continue even after an exception has been thrown.
  • bool $skipFirstArgument - Setting to false causes the first argument to be parsed as an parameter rather than the command.

Method: Flags->parsed

function parsed()

Returns true if the command-line flags have been parsed.

Returns:
  • bool