A Laravel 5 package for nested menus with database storage.

v1.1 2016-04-14 01:15 UTC

This package is not auto-updated.

Last update: 2023-03-18 10:08:41 UTC


Database storage of nested menus, including rendering

Based On

Comes with

  • Migration for the menus table
  • Menu Model (that extends Baum/Node so you can use all the handy methods from this excellent nested set implementation)
  • Seed for building the menu nodes, one for each type of menu


Add these lines to your composer.json file:

    "require": {
        "delatbabel/nestedmenus": "~1.0"

Once that is done, run the composer update command:

    composer update

Alternatively just run this command:

    composer require delatbabel/nestedmenus

Register Service Provider

After composer update completes, add this line to your config/app.php file in the 'providers' array:


Publish the Migrations

Publish the migrations

    php artisan vendor:publish

Run the migration

    php artisan migrate

Ensure the categories types are set correctly in the seeder file. You can initialise this to whatever you like.

Run the Seeders

Run the seed (this will create the base menu structure as defined in the seeder)

    php artisan db:seed

You may prefer to build your own MenusTableSeeder class based on the code in MenusTableBaseSeeder to seed your own initial set of menus.


This class relies on the behind-the-scenes capabilities of Baum. For details on the use of that see the README on github or the Baum web site

Creating the Menu Structure

See the MenusTableBaseSeeder for an example of how to build the menu structure in the database. You can in fact just extend this seeder to create your own seeder, just overriding the function getNodes() to provide the menu structure to seed into the database.

Menu editors and the such like are still to be done.

The important parts of the database structure look like this when completed:

| id | parent_id | lft  | rgt  | depth | slug           | name           | url                     | route |
|  1 |      NULL |    1 |   14 |     0 | example-menu   | Example Menu   |                         | NULL  |
|  2 |         1 |    2 |    3 |     1 | example-list   | Example List   | sysadmin/example        | NULL  |
|  3 |         1 |    4 |    5 |     1 | example-create | Example Create | sysadmin/example/create | NULL  |
|  4 |         1 |    6 |   13 |     1 | example-edit   | Example Edit   | sysadmin/example/edit   | NULL  |
|  5 |         4 |    7 |    8 |     2 | example-edit-1 | Example Edit 1 | sysadmin/example/edit/1 | NULL  |
|  6 |         4 |    9 |   10 |     2 | example-edit-2 | Example Edit 2 | sysadmin/example/edit/2 | NULL  |
|  7 |         4 |   11 |   12 |     2 | example-edit-3 | Example Edit 3 | sysadmin/example/edit/3 | NULL  |

Note that at the moment the renderers available only support a 2 level menu structure. Level 0 is the heading. At level 1 are the various options, and at level 2 are the sub-options for each option.

See the Baum functions for more detail on creating and manipulating this structure.

Loading the Menu Structure

The menu structure can be loaded from the database using any normal Eloquent Model code, for example:

    $menu = \Delatbabel\NestedMenus\Models\Menu::where('slug', '=', 'example-menu')->first();

Note that you only need to load the top level of the menu in order to be able to render the entire menu.

Rendering the Menu Structure

See the ShowMenu class under src/Console/Commands for the details on how to do this. It's really simple:

    $renderer = new LavarySidebarRenderer();
    $rendered = $renderer->renderToHtml($menu);

Rendering to different menu structures requires different renderer classes. I will build more of these over time.

Placing the rendered menu on a view is as simple as this:

    return View::make("dashboard.example")
        ->with('sidebar_menu', $sidebar_menu);


Integrate additional menu front end creators. There are a few out there. I have decided to allow for integration of both of these:

Lavary Menu

Completed a LavarySidebarRenderer class. I had to extend the Lavary menu classes in order to do this, so instead of their main repo use the VCS mentioned in the composer.json in this package. I have submitted a PR to the Lavary repo for this change. See PR #100.

Need to have separate renderer classes for the other menu types (header menus, pulldown menus, etc).

Vespakoen Menu




I want to be able to create AdminLTE based menus, which look like this:

<!-- Sidebar Menu -->
<ul class="sidebar-menu">
    <li class="header">HEADER</li>
    <!-- Optionally, you can add icons to the links -->
    <li class="active"><a href="#"><i class='fa fa-link'></i> <span>Link</span></a></li>
    <li><a href="#"><i class='fa fa-link'></i> <span>Another Link</span></a></li>
    <li class="treeview">
        <a href="#"><i class='fa fa-link'></i> <span>Multilevel</span> <i class="fa fa-angle-left pull-right"></i></a>
        <ul class="treeview-menu">
            <li><a href="#">Link in level 2</a></li>
            <li><a href="#">Link in level 2</a></li>
</ul><!-- /.sidebar-menu -->

I want to be able to create them dynamically rather than embed them in the view files.

I want to be able to store the menu structure in a database table so that it can be modified at run time or without having to change any code.


After using Baum successfully for my Nested Categories package, It seemed the obvious choice for heirarchical storage of the menu structure.

The only thing that remained is the creation of the views. I figured that there were a few options:

  • Use a Laravel / Blade template to create the menu and import it into a page as a section.
  • Use a package to create the menu structure and format it for display.

I found many packages on line to format the menu structure for display, but the two that I settled on were these: