crossjoin/browscap

This package is abandoned and no longer maintained. No replacement package was suggested.

The standalone PHP Browscap parser Crossjoin\Browscap detects browser properties as well as device information based on the user agent string of the requesting browsers and search engines, using the data from the Browser Capabilities Project. It's several hundred times faster than the build-in PHP f...

v3.0.5 2017-02-01 19:21 UTC

README

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Introduction

Crossjoin\Browscap allows to check for browser settings based on the user agent string, using the data from the Browser Capabilities Project.

Although PHP has the native get_browser() function to do this, this implementation offers some advantages:

  • The PHP function requires to set the path of the browscap.ini file in the php.ini directive browscap, which is flagged as PHP_INI_SYSTEM (so it can only be set in php.ini or httpd.conf, which isn't allowed in many cases, e.g. in shared hosting environments).
  • It's much faster than the PHP function (several hundred times, depending on the PHP version, the searched user agent and other factors)
  • It allows automatic updates of the Browscap source data, so you're always up-to-date.

Compared to other PHP Browscap parsers, this implementation offers the following advantages:

  • The default parser is very fast due to optimized storage in an internal SQLite database.
  • It supports the PHP versions 5.6.x (version 2.x) to 7.x (version 3.x) and uses newest available features for best performance.
  • It has a very low memory consumption (for parsing and generating parser data).
  • All components are extensible - use your own source, parser (writer and reader) or formatter.
  • Use property filters to remove unnecessary Browscap properties from the parser data and/or the output.
  • Either use the auto-update feature or run updates via command-line instead.

You can also switch the type of data set to use:

  • The standard data set (standard set of browser properties)
  • The lite data set (reduced set of browser properties)
  • The full data set (additional browser properties)
  • Tip: Use the smallest possible data set for best performance, because the more detailed the data, the more user agents needs to be compared.

Requirements

  • PHP 7.x (support for older versions see below)
  • The 'pdo_sqlite' or 'sqlite3' extension (please not that this is not checked on composer install/update, because only one of these extension is required and composer doesn't support this type of requirement).
  • For best performance the SQlite library version should be >= 3.8.3 (to use recursive queries).
  • For updates via download: cURL extension, allow_url_fopen enabled in php.ini (for more details see the GuzzleHttp documentation)

Releases for older PHP Versions

Package installation

Crossjoin\Browscap is provided as a Composer package which can be installed by adding the package to your composer.json file:

{
    "require": {
        "crossjoin/browscap": "~3.0.0"
    }
}

Basic Usage

Simple example

Normally you can directly use the Browscap parser. Missing data for the parser will be created automatically if possible (trying several available options).

<?php
// Include composer auto-loader
require_once '../vendor/autoload.php';

// Init
$browscap = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Browscap();

// Get current browser details (taken from $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'])
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser();

// or explicitly set the user agent to check
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser('user agent string');

Automatic updates

Although missing data are created automatically, the update automatic update is disabled by default (which is different from version 1.x). To activate automatic updates, you must set the update probability.

<?php
// Include composer auto-loader
require_once '../vendor/autoload.php';

// Init
$browscap = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Browscap();

// Activate auto-updates
// Value: Percentage of getBrowser calls that will trigger the update check
$browscap->setAutoUpdateProbability(1);

// Get current browser details (taken from $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'])
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser();

Manual updates

Manual updates can be run using a script...

<?php
// Include composer auto-loader
require_once '../vendor/autoload.php';

// Init
$browscap = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Browscap();
$forceUpdate = false; // If you do not force an update, it will only be done if required

// Run update
$browscap->update($forceUpdate);

or via the command-line interface (you will find the 'browscap' or 'browscap.bat' in Composers bin directory, normally vendor/bin):

browscap update [--force]

Formatters

Replacement for the PHP get_browser() function

By default the returned settings are formatted like the result of the PHP get_browser() function. So you will get an standard PHP object, with a special property/property value format. As with get_browser(), you can also get an array as return value by modifying the formatter:

<?php
// Include composer auto-loader
require_once '../vendor/autoload.php';

// Init
$browscap = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Browscap();

// Get standard object
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser();

// Get array
$arrayFormatter = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Formatter\PhpGetBrowser(true);
$browscap->setFormatter($arrayFormatter);
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser();

Alternatively you can use the Browscap object as a function, with the same arguments like PHP get_browser() function, so is't much easier to use it as a replacement:

<?php
// Include composer auto-loader
require_once '../vendor/autoload.php';

// Init
$browscap = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Browscap();

// Get standard object
$settings = $browscap('user agent string');

// Get array
$settings = $browscap('user agent string', true);

Optimized formatter

The standard format isn't always optimal, the new Optimized formatter is often the better option. It doesn't change the property names, returns all values with correct types (if valid for all possible property values) and replaces the 'unknown' strings with NULL values. It also removes no more used properties from the result set (like 'AolVersion').

<?php
// Include composer auto-loader
require_once '../vendor/autoload.php';

// Init
$browscap = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Browscap();

// Get optimized result
$optimizedFormatter = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Formatter\Optimized();
$browscap->setFormatter($optimizedFormatter);
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser();

Custom formatters

Of course you can also create your own formatter, either by using the general formatter \Crossjoin\Browscap\Formatter\Formatter and setting the required options (see below), or by creating a new one that extends \Crossjoin\Browscap\Formatter\FormatterInterface:

<?php
// Include composer auto-loader
require_once '../vendor/autoload.php';

// Init
$browscap = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Browscap();

// Get customized result
$formatter = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Formatter\Formatter(
    \Crossjoin\Browscap\Formatter\Formatter::RETURN_ARRAY |
    \Crossjoin\Browscap\Formatter\Formatter::KEY_LOWER |
    \Crossjoin\Browscap\Formatter\Formatter::VALUE_TYPED
);
$browscap->setFormatter($formatter);
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser();

// Use custom formatter tah extends \Crossjoin\Browscap\Formatter\FormatterInterface
$formatter = new \My\Formatter();
$browscap->setFormatter($formatter);
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser();

Property Filters

As mentioned before, the Optimized formatter removes properties from the returned data. This is done by a filter, which is a new feature in version 2.x/3.x.

Filter the output

You can define individual property filters for the formatter:

<?php
// Include composer auto-loader
require_once '../vendor/autoload.php';

// Init
$browscap = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Browscap();

// Set list of allowed properties
$filter = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\PropertyFilter\Allowed();
$filter->setProperties(['Version', 'Browser', 'isMobileDevice']);
$browscap->getFormatter()->setPropertyFilter($filter);

// Only the allowed properties will be returned...
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser();

// Set list of disallowed properties
// IMPORTANT: The new property filter will replace the previous one!
$filter = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\PropertyFilter\Disallowed();
$filter->addProperty('Comment');
$filter->addProperty('browser_name_pattern');
$filter->addProperty('browser_name_regex');

// Properties except the filtered ones will be returned...
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser();

// Remove the filter by setting it to the default filter
$filter = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\PropertyFilter\None();
$browscap->getFormatter()->setPropertyFilter($filter);

// All properties will be returned...
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser();

Filter the parser data

No only the output can be filtered. You can also filter the data at a higher level, when creating his data set from the source, which can reduce the size of the generated database by up to 50%:

<?php
// Include composer auto-loader
require_once '../vendor/autoload.php';

// Init
$browscap = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Browscap();

// Set list of allowed properties
$filter = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\PropertyFilter\Allowed();
$filter->setProperties(['Version', 'Browser', 'isMobileDevice']);
$browscap->getParser()->setPropertyFilter($filter);

// Only the filtered properties are returned...
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser();

// Of course you can still define additional property filters for the formatter
// to further reduce the number of properties.
$filter = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\PropertyFilter\Disallowed(['isMobileDevice']);
$browscap->getFormatter()->setPropertyFilter($filter);

// Properties are now reduced to 'Version' and 'Browser'...
// NOTE: New parser property filters will trigger an update of the parser data!
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser();

You can also set filters for the parser when using the command-line interface:

browscap update --filter-allowed Version,Browser,isMobileDevice
browscap update --filter-disallowed Version,Browser,isMobileDevice

Sources

By default, the current browscap (PHP ini variant) source is downloaded automatically (standard type).

Change the downloaded source type

<?php
// Include composer auto-loader
require_once '../vendor/autoload.php';

// Init
$browscap = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Browscap();

// Set the 'standard' source (medium data set, with standard properties)
$type = \Crossjoin\Browscap\Type::STANDARD;
$source = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Source\Ini\BrowscapOrg($type);
$browscap->getParser()->setSource($source);

// Set the 'lite' source (smallest data set, with the most important properties)
$type = \Crossjoin\Browscap\Type::LITE;
$source = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Source\Ini\BrowscapOrg($type);
$browscap->getParser()->setSource($source);

// Set the 'full' source (largest data set, with additional properties)
$type = \Crossjoin\Browscap\Type::FULL;
$source = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Source\Ini\BrowscapOrg($type);
$browscap->getParser()->setSource($source);

// Get properties...
// NOTE: New parser sources will trigger an update of the parser data!
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser();

You can also set the source type when using the command-line interface:

browscap update --ini-load standard
browscap update --ini-load lite
browscap update --ini-load full

Use the source file defined in the browscap PHP directive

<?php
// Include composer auto-loader
require_once '../vendor/autoload.php';

// Init
$browscap = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Browscap();

// Use the browscap file defined in the PHP settings (e.g. in php.ini)
$source = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Source\Ini\PhpSetting();
$browscap->getParser()->setSource($source);

// Get properties...
// NOTE: New parser sources will trigger an update of the parser data!
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser();

You can also switch to this source when using the command-line interface:

browscap update --ini-php

Use a custom source file

<?php
// Include composer auto-loader
require_once '../vendor/autoload.php';

// Init
$browscap = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Browscap();

// Set a custom file as source
$source = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Source\Ini\File('path/to/browscap.ini');
$browscap->getParser()->setSource($source);

// Get properties...
// NOTE: New parser sources will trigger an update of the parser data!
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser();

Setting the source file is also possible when using the command-line interface:

browscap update --ini-file path/to/browscap.ini

Misc settings

Data directory

The parser data are saved in the temporary directory of the system, but you can define an own one:

<?php
// Include composer auto-loader
require_once '../vendor/autoload.php';

// Init
$browscap = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Browscap();

// Set a custom data directory
$parser = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Parser\Sqlite\Parser('path/to/data/directory');
$browscap->setParser($parser);

// Get properties...
// NOTE: A new parser data directory will trigger an update of the parser data!
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser();

You can also set the data directory when using the command-line interface:

browscap update --dir path/to/data/directory

Client settings for the source download

If you download the source, you perhaps want to use a proxy or other settings for the client. You can do so by providing the settings for the GuzzleHttp client (see the GuzzleHttp documentation):

<?php
// Include composer auto-loader
require_once '../vendor/autoload.php';

// Init
$browscap = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Browscap();

// Set a custom data directory
$type = \Crossjoin\Browscap\Type::STANDARD;
$clientSettings = ['proxy' => 'tcp://localhost:8125'];
$source = new \Crossjoin\Browscap\Source\Ini\BrowscapOrg($type, $clientSettings);
$browscap->getParser()->setSource($source);

// Get properties...
$settings = $browscap->getBrowser();

Please note: Currently this is not possible when using the command-line interface.

Performance tips

Always use the smallest data set

The Browscap data are available in three versions - lite, standard and full - with a different number of properties for the browsers. Of course also the database size for the parser increases with the number of properties contained in the source data - but this has only a small influence on the performance, it only affects some request when the database is not cached by PHP.

More important is the number of patterns that increases with the number of properties, because the checks have to become more detailed to differ them. This takes the most time when parsing, because pre-filtering patterns is very difficult and often multiple patterns match the given user agent string - so in some cases several thousand patterns are checked for a single user agent string.

So you should always use the smallest possible source type, because it contains the lowest number of patterns. Also property filters wouldn't help here - they help to reduce the database size, but not the number of patterns. For example if you use the full source type and set a filter to get ony the properties of the lite source type, you will get the same result for both types, but it will take about thrice the time for the full type.

Issues and feature requests

Please report your issues and ask for new features on the GitHub Issue Tracker: https://github.com/crossjoin/browscap/issues

Please report incorrectly identified User Agents and browser detect in the browscap.ini file to Browscap: https://github.com/browscap/browscap/issues