clancats/hydrahon

Fast and simple Query Builder without extra bacon, written in PHP.

v1.1.7 2017-04-15 10:20 UTC

README

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Hydrahon

Hydrahon is a standalone database / SQL query builder written in PHP. It was built to enhance existing frameworks, libraries and applications that handle the database connection on their own. It does not come with a PDO or mysqli wrapper. The naming is heavily inspired by Eloquent and the Kohana Framework Database component.

What does that mean "Standalone query builder"?

Basically, Hydrahon only generates a query string and an array of parameters. On its own, it is not able to actually execute a query.

Build Status Packagist Packagist GitHub release

Status

  • The Hydrahon MySQL query builder is stable and used in production.
  • The Hydrahon AQL (Arango Query Language) query builder is currently in development.
  • A builder for Elasticsearch is on my mind but not in development.

Installation

Hydrahon follows PSR-4 autoloading and can be installed using composer:

$ composer require 'clancats/hydrahon'

Documentation 💡

The full documentation can be found on clancats.io

Quick Start (MySQL) ⚡️

Hydrahon is designed to be a pretty generic query builder. So for this quick start, we stick with SQL.

Create a builder

Again this library is not built as a full database abstraction or ORM, it is only and will always be only a query builder. This means we need to implement the database connection and fetching by ourselves.

In this example, we are going to use PDO

$connection = new PDO('mysql:host=localhost;dbname=my_database', 'username', 'password');

// create a new mysql query builder
$h = new \ClanCats\Hydrahon\Builder('mysql', function($query, $queryString, $queryParameters) use($connection)
{
    $statement = $connection->prepare($queryString);
    $statement->execute($queryParameters);

    // when the query is fetchable return all results and let hydrahon do the rest
    if ($query instanceof \ClanCats\Hydrahon\Query\Sql\FetchableInterface)
    {
        return $statement->fetchAll(\PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);
    }
});

And we are ready and set. The variable $h contains now a MySQL query builder.

Setup a simple table:

To continue with our examples we need to create a simple MySQL table.

CREATE TABLE `people` (
  `id` int(11) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `name` varchar(255) DEFAULT '',
  `age` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

Inserting:

Currently, we don't have any data, to fix this let's go and insert some.

// In our example we are going to execute multiple operations on the same table, 
// so instead of loading the table over and over again, we store it in a variable.
$people = $h->table('people');

$people->insert(
[
    ['name' => 'Ray', 'age' => 25],
    ['name' => 'John',  'age' => 30],
    ['name' => 'Ali', 'age' => 22],
])->execute();

Will execute the following query:

insert into `people` (`age`, `name`) values (?, ?), (?, ?), (?, ?)

As you can see the Hydrahon automatically escapes parameters.

But because we are humans that get confused when there are hundreds of thousands of questions marks, I will continue to always show the runnable query:

insert into `people` (`age`, `name`) values (25, Ray), (30, John), (22, Ali)

Updating:

Ah snap, time runs so fast, "Ray" is actually already 26.

$people->update()
    ->set('age', 26)
    ->where('name', 'Ray')
->execute();

Generating:

update `people` set `age` = 26 where `name` = 'Ray'

Currently, you might think: "Well isn't it much simpler to just write the SQL query? I mean the PHP code is even longer...".

You have to understand that these are some very very basic examples the Hydrahon query builder starts to shine when things get more complex. But a "Quick Start" is in my view is just the wrong place for complex stuff, so throw an eye on the full documentation.

Deleting

Dammit John, I hate you...

$people->delete()
    ->where('name', 'John')
->execute();

Generating:

delete from `people` where `name` = 'John'

Selecting

And finally, fetch the data.

$people->select()->get();

Generating:

select * from `people`

Result:

[
  {
    "id": "1",
    "name": "Ray",
    "age": "26"
  },
  {
    "id": "3",
    "name": "Ali",
    "age": "22"
  }
]

Where conditions

For the next few examples, I simply assume a bigger dataset so that the queries make sense.

Chaining where conditions:

// select * from `people` where `name` like 'J%' and `age` > 21
$people->select()
    ->where('name', 'like', 'J%')
    ->where('age', '>', 21)
    ->get();

By default all where conditions are defined with the and operator.

Different where operators:

// select * from `people` where `name` like 'J%' or `name` like 'I%'
$people->select()
    ->where('name', 'like', 'J%')
    ->orWhere('name', 'like', 'I%')
    ->get();

Where scopes

Allowing you to group conditions:

// select * from `people` where ( `age` > 21 and `age` < 99 ) or `group` = admin
$people->select()
    ->where(function($q) 
    {
        $q->where('age', '>', 21);
        $q->where('age', '<', 99);
    })
    ->orWhere('group', 'admin')
    ->get();

Joins

Joining tables:

// select 
//     `people`.`name`, `groups`.`name` as `group_name` 
// from `people` 
// left join `groups` on `groups`.`id` = `people`.`group_id`
$people->select('people.name, groups.name as group_name')
    ->join('groups', 'groups.id', '=', 'people.group_id')
    ->get();

Grouping

Grouping data:

// select * from `people` group by `age`
$people->select()->groupBy('age')->get();

Ordering

Ordering data:

// select * from `people` order by `age` desc
$people->select()->orderBy('age', 'desc')->get();

// select * from `people` order by `age` desc, `name` asc
$people->select()->orderBy(['age' => 'desc', 'name' => 'asc'])->get();

Limiting data

Limit and offset:

// select * from `people` limit 0, 10
$people->select()->limit(10)->get();

// select * from `people` limit 100, 10
$people->select()->limit(100, 10)->get();

// select * from `people` limit 100, 10
$people->select()->limit(10)->offset(100)->get();

// select * from `people` limit 150, 30
$people->select()->page(5, 30)->get();

Small reminder this is the quick start, check out the full docs.

Credits

License

The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.