christophrumpel/laravel-factories-reloaded

This package sits on top of Laravel factories and provides you with dedicated factory classes for every model.


README

Latest Version on Packagist v1 Total Downloads MIT Licensed

This package generates class-based model factories, which you can use instead of the ones provided by Laravel.

Screenshot of the command

Benefits

  • use the features you already love from Laravel factories (create, make, times, states)
  • automatically create new class factories for specific or All your models
  • automatically import defined default data and states from your Laravel factories
  • and many more...

📺 I've recorded some videos to give you an overview of the features.

⚠️ Note: Interested in WHY you need class-based factories? Read here.

Installation

You can install the package via composer:

composer require --dev christophrumpel/laravel-factories-reloaded

To publish the config file run:

php artisan vendor:publish --provider="Christophrumpel\LaravelFactoriesReloaded\LaravelFactoriesReloadedServiceProvider"

It will provide the package's config file where you can define multiple paths of your models, the path of the newly generated factories, as well as where your old Laravel factories are located.

Usage

Generate Factories

First, you need to create a new factory class for one of your models. This is done via a newly provided command called make:factory-reloaded.

php artisan make:factory-reloaded

You can pick one of the found models or create factories for all of them.

Command Options

If you want to define options through the command itself, you can do that as well:

php artisan make:factory-reloaded --models_path="app/Models"  --factories_path="tests/ClassFactories" --factories_namespace="Tests\ClassFactories"

Currently, you can only define one location for your models this way.

Define Default Model Data

Similar to Laravel factories, you can define default data for your model instances. Inside your new factories, there is a getDefaults method defined for that. The Faker helper to create dummy data is available as well.

public function getDefaults(Faker $faker): array
{
    return [
        'name' => $faker->name,
        'email' => $faker->unique()->safeEmail,
        'email_verified_at' => now(),
        'password' => '$2y$10$92IXUNpkjO0rOQ5byMi.Ye4oKoEa3Ro9llC/.og/at2.uheWG/igi',
        'remember_token' => Str::random(10),
        'active' => false,
    ];
}

Use New Factories

Let's say you have created a new user factory. You can now start using it and create a new user instance. Similar to Laravel factories, the create method will persist in a new model.

$user = UserFactory::new()->create();

If you like to get an instance that is not persisted yet, you can choose the make method.

$user = UserFactory::new()->make();

To create multiple instances, you chain the times() method before the create or make method.

$users = UserFactory::new()
    ->times(4)
    ->create();

States

You may have defined states in your old Laravel factories.

$factory->state(User::class, 'active', function () {
    return [
        'active' => true,
    ];
});

While creating a new class factory, you will be asked if you like those states to be imported to your new factories. If you agree, you can immediately use them. The state active is now a method on your UserFactory.

$recipe = UserFactory::new()
    ->active()
    ->create();

Relations

Often you will need to create a new model instance with related models. This is now pretty simple by using the with method:

$user = UserFactory::new()
    ->with(Recipe::class, 'recipes', 3)
    ->create();

Here were are getting a user instance that has three related recipes attached. The second argument here defines the relationship name.

⚠️ Note: For this to work, you need to have a new RecipeFactory already created.

In Laravel factories, you could also define a related model in your default data like:

$factory->define(Ingredient::class, function (Faker $faker) {
    return [
        'name' => $faker->name,
        'recipe_id' => factory(Recipe::class),
    ];
});

This can also be achieved in our new factory classes.

public function getDefaults(Faker $faker): array
{
    return [
        'name' => $faker->name,
        'recipe_id' => factory(Recipe::class),
    ];
}

Or even better through an instance of a new factory class.

public function getDefaults(Faker $faker): array
{
    return [
        'name' => $faker->name,
        'recipe_id' => RecipeFactory::new(),
    ];
}

⚠️ Note: I wouldn't recommend any of these options because you do not see that additional models are persisted in your tests. Please use the given "with" method create a dedicated method for creating a relation yourself.

Callbacks

In Laravel, you are able to define factory callbacks for afterCreating and afterMaking. You can do something similar also with factory classes. Since both the make and create method are inside your factory class, you are free to add code there:

public function create(array $extra = []): Group
{
    return parent::build($extra);
}

public function make(array $extra = []): Group
{
    return parent::build($extra, 'make');
}

It depends on what you want to achive, but personally I would add a method to your factory which you call from within your test. This way it is more obvious what is happening.

Immutability

You might have noticed that when this package imports a state for you, it will clone the factory before returning.

public function active(): UserFactory
{
    return tap(clone $this)->overwriteDefaults([
        'active' => true,
    ]);
}

This is recommended for all methods which you will use to setup your test model. If you wouldn't clone the factory, you will always modify the factory itself. This could lead into problems when you use the same factory again.

What Else

The best thing about those new factory classes is that you own them. You can create as many methods or properties as you like to help you create those specific instances that you need. Here is how a more complex factory call could look like:

UserFactory::new()
    ->active()
    ->onSubscriptionPlan(SubscriptionPlan::paid)
    ->withRecipesAndIngredients()
    ->times(10)
    ->create();

Using such a factory call will help your tests to stay clean and give everyone a good overview of what is happening here.

Why Class-Based Factories?

  • They give you much more flexibility on how to create your model instances.
  • They make your tests much cleaner because you can hide complex preparations inside the class.
  • They provide IDE auto-completion which you do not get have with Laravel factories.

Testing

composer test

Changelog

Please see CHANGELOG for more information about what has changed recently.

Contributing

Please see CONTRIBUTING for details.

Security

If you discover any security-related issues, please email christoph@christoph-rumpel.com instead of using the issue tracker.

Credits

Some of the implementations are inspired by Brent's article about how they deal with factories at Spatie.

And a big thanks goes out to Adrian who helped me a lot with refactoring this package.

License

The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.