caseyamcl/tasktracker

A PHP library for keeping track of progress and stats for long running tasks

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Open Issues: 1

Language: PHP

v2.1 2015-04-10 01:24 UTC

README

A library for tracking long-running tasks in PHP (when a simple progress bar isn't enough)

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At a Glance:

  • Reports on memory usage and a number of progress statistics during long-running tasks
  • Useful for long-running processes where a large number of small jobs are executed
  • Event-driven architecture using the Symfony Event-Dispatcher Component
  • Provides built-in utilities for reporting task progress:
    • Symfony Console Progress Bar
    • Symfony Console Running Log of Task Messages
    • Sending Task Progress to PSR-3 Compatible Loggers

For example, you may want to display a progress bar on the console during execution of a task, but also send periodic snapshots of the state of the system to Monolog while a task is executing. Using a single Tracker object, you can accomplish both of these goals:

use TaskTracker\Tracker,
    TaskTracker\Tick;
use TaskTracker\Subscriber\SymfonyConsoleProgress,
    TaskTracker\Subscriber\Psr3Logger;
use Symfony\Console\Output\ConsoleOutput;
use Monolog\Logger as MonologLogger;


// Setup subscribers
$subscribers = [
    new SymfonyConsoleProgress(new ConsoleOutput()),
    new Psr3Logger(new MonologLogger())
];

// Setup a tracker for a job with 100 items
$tracker = Tracker::build(100, $subscribers);

$tracker->start("Let's go");
for ($i = 0; $i < 100; $i++) {
    // Do some work of some sort...
    $tracker->tick();
}
$tracker->finish("All done");

Installation

Install via Composer:

composer require caseyamcl/tasktracker:~2.0

Install manually:

  1. Download the source from http://github.com/caseyamcl/tasktracker.
  2. Include the src/TaskTracker folder in your code using a PSR-4 compatible autoloader.

Usage

To track a task, create an instance of the Tracker class:

use TaskTracker\Tracker;

// Instantiate a tracker to track 100 items
$tracker = new Tracker(100);

You can omit the number of items if you are working with an unknown number:

$tracker = new Tracker();

The Tracker class creates its own EventDispatcher, but you can optionally inject your own if you need to:

$dispatcher = new \Symfony\Component\EventDispatcher\EventDispatcher();

$tracker = new Tracker(100, $dispatcher);
// ..or..
$tracker = new Tracker(Tracker::UNKNOWN, $dispatcher);

To start tracking, simply call the Tracker::start() method:

// Start the tracker
$tracker->start('optional starting message');

For every element you process, call the Tracker::tick() method until you are done:

// Tick
$tracker->tick();

There are three types of Ticks: Success (default), Fail, and Skip:

use Tracker\Tick;

$tracker->tick(Tick::SUCCESS);
$tracker->tick(Tick::FAIL);
$tracker->tick(Tick::SKIP);

You can also supply an optional message:

$tracker->tick(Tick::SUCCESS, 'Things are going well.');
$tracker->tick(Tick::FAIL,    'Crud.  Something went wrong');
$tracker->tick(Tick::SKIP,    'Skipping this record for whatever reason');

You can add custom data to the Tick in the form of an array:

$tracker->tick(Tick::SUCCESS, 'Things are going well.', ['foo' => 'bar', 'baz' => 'biz]);

And, you can increment by more than one item at a time:

// Increment by 5 items
$tracker->tick(Tick::SUCCESS, '', [], 5);

// Three items failed
$trakcer->tick(Tick::FAIL, 'Something went wrong', [], 3);

When you are done, call the Tracker::finish() method:

$tracker->finish('Optional finish manage');

Or, if things go wrong during processing, you can abort:

$tracker->abort('Optional abort message');

The class contains a few helper methods, too:

// Have we started processing yet?
$tracker->isRunning();

// Get the last tick (instance of \Tracker\Tick class)
$tracker->getLastTick();

// Get the status of the process as an int (Tracker::NOT_STARTED, Tracker::RUNNING, Tracker::FINISHED, or Tracker::ABORTED)
$tracker->getStatus();

// Get the number of items processed thus far
$tracker->getNumProcessedItems();

// Get only the number of failed items (works with SUCCESS and SKIP too)
$tracker->getNumProcessedItems(Tick::FAIL);

// Get the time started (in microseconds)
$tracker->getStartTime();

Subscribers

The Tracker class isn't very useful on its own without event subscribers to listen for tracker tick events. There are a few subscribers bundled with this library:

  • TaskTracker\Subscriber\Psr3Logger - Logs Tracker events to any PSR-3 Logger
  • TaskTracker\Subscriber\SymfonyConsoleLog - Logs Tracker events to a Symfony console, each event on its own line.
  • TaskTracker\Subscriber\SymfonyConsoleProgress - Logs tracker events to a Symfony console progress bar indicator.

You can add event subscribers to the Tracker by calling the Tracker::addSubscriber() method:

$tacker = new Tracker(100);
$tracker->addSubscriber(new SymfonyConsoleLog($output));

If you know what subscribers you will use ahead of time, you can use the Tracker::build() method for convenience:

$subscribers = [new SymfonyConsoleLog($output), new SomeOtherSubscriber()];
$tracker = Tracker::build(100, $subscribers);

Example

As an example, suppose you are creating a Symfony Console Command, and you want to show a progress bar for some task and also log events as they occur:

use TaskTracker\Tracker;
use TaskTracker\Tick;
use TaskTracker\Subscriber\SymfonyConsoleProgress;
use Symfony\Component\Console\Command\Command;

/**
 * My Symfony Command
 */
class MyCommand extends Command
{
    protected function configure()
    {
        $this->setName('example');
        $this->setDescription("Demonstrate TaskTracker");
    }

    protected function execute(InputInterface $input, OutputInterface $output)
    {
        $numItems = 10;

        // Build Task Tracker with Symfony Console Progress Bar subscriber
        $tracker = Tracker::build([new SymfonyConsoleProgress($output)], $numItems);

        // Add a Monolog Listener after Tracker construction
        $monolog = new \Monolog\Logger(/* some handlers */);
        $tracker->addSubscriber(new Psr3Logger($monolog));

        // You can also add Event Listeners directly
        $tracker->getDispatcher()->addListener(\Tracker\Events::TRACKER_TICK, function(\Tracker\Tick $tick) {
            // do something...
        });

        // Tracker::start() is technically optional; if not called, it will automatically
        // be called upon the first Tick
        $tracker->start("Let's go!");

        // The SymfonyConsoleProgress listener will output a progress bar while the logger will log events
        for ($i = 0; $i < 10; $i++) {
            $tracker->tick(\Tick::SUCCESS, "On item: " . $i);
            sleep(1);
        }

        // Tracker::start(), Tracker::tick(), Tracker::abort(), and Tracker::finish() all return
        // a \Tracker\Report object.
        $report = $tracker->finish('All done!');

        $output->writeln(sprintf("All Done!  <info>%s</info> items processed", $report->getNumTotalItems()));
    }
}

Custom Subscribers

TaskTracker uses the Symfony EventDispatcher library, so any Symfony-compatible event listener can be used.

There are four events you can listen for:

  • TaskTracker\Events::TRACKER_START
  • TaskTracker\Events::TRACKER_TICK
  • TaskTracker\Events::TRACKER_FINISH
  • TaskTracker\Events::TRACKER_ABORT

All four events dispatch an instance of the TaskTracker\Tick class. Your subscribers/listeners should accept an object of that class as its parameter:

use Symfony\Component\EventDispatcher\EventSubscriberInterface;
use TaskTracker\Tick;

/**
 * Listen for Tracker Events
 */
class MyEventSubscriber implements EventSubscriberInterface
{
     public static function getSubscribedEvents()
     {
         return [
             TaskTracker\Events::TRACKER_START  => 'handle',
             TaskTracker\Events::TRACKER_TICK   => 'handle',
             TaskTracker\Events::TRACKER_FINISH => 'handle',
         ];
     }

     public static function handle(Tick $tickEvent)
     {
         // See all of the information about the progress of that tick
         var_dump($tickEvent->getReport()->toArray());
     }
}

Reports

Every Tracker event emits a \Tracker\Report object with a snapshot of the process and some system information present at the point in time that the event occurred:

$report = $tracker->tick();

$report->getTimeStarted();
$report->getTotalItemCount();
$report->getTick();
$report->getNumItemsProcessed();
$report->getTimeElapsed();
$report->getNumItemsSuccess();
$report->getNumItemsFail();
$report->getNumItemsSkip();
$report->getItemTime();
$report->getMaxItemTime();
$report->getMinItemTime();
$report->getAvgItemTime();
$report->getMemUsage();
$report->getMemPeakUsage();
$report->getMessage();
$report->getTimestamp();
$report->getStatus();
$report->getIncrementBy();
$report->getReport();
$report->getExtraInfo();

In your subscribers, you can access the report from the Tick object by calling Tick::getReport().