carno-php/coroutine

1.0.1 2019-07-26 02:44 UTC

README

Installation

composer require carno-php/coroutine

Concepts

Cooperative multitasking using coroutines (in PHP!)

yield values

Generator

When yield a function and it's returned a generator (yield in function), job will make a roll and have a chance to execute other jobs, some functions like defer depends on this feature

Promised

Yield a Promise will make coroutine sleep when pending, and wakeup when promise resolves or rejects, general used with async IO

Syscall

Syscall can make user in coroutine to get job's properties or interact with job, such as get job's id or ctx

Functions

namespace in Carno\Coroutine

go

New coroutine without results but throws exception if error

function go(mixed $program, Context $ctx = null) : void

usages

// use closure
go(function () {
    yield 'something';
    return 'done';
});

// with exceptions
try {
    go(function () {
        throw new Exception('test');
    });
} catch (Throwable $e) {
    echo 'got exception :: ', $e->getMessage(), PHP_EOL;
}

co

Similar with go but returns closure and you can execute it later

function co(mixed $program, Context $ctx = null) : Closure

usages

$func = co(function (string $input) {
    yield 'something';
    echo $input;
});
$func('vars');

async

Base of commands go and co, it returns a promise that sync with coroutine's result

Returned promise will resolving when coroutine finish or rejecting when coroutine throws exception

function async(mixed $program, Context $ctx = null, mixed ...$args) : Promised

usages

async(function () {
    yield msleep(500);
})->then(function () {
    echo 'you will see me after 500ms', PHP_EOL;
});

await

A delegate for works with async IO event, supports timeout

function await(Closure $dial, Closure $awake,
    int $timeout = 60000, string $error = TimeoutException::class, string $message = '') : Promised

usages

$async = function ($callback) {
    $callback(111, 222);
};
yield await(function (Closure $awake) use ($async) {
    $async($awake);
}, function (int $a, int $b) {
    echo 'a = ', $a, ' b = ', $b, PHP_EOL;
});

timeout

Create a promise that throws exception after N milliseconds if no one rejects it in time, useful with race

function timeout(int $ms, string $ec = TimeoutException::class, string $em = '') : Promised

usages

yield race(timeout(rand(5, 10)), timeout(rand(5, 10), CustomException::class, 'custom message'));

msleep

Create a promise that resolves after N milliseconds

function msleep(int $ms, Closure $do = null) : Promised

usages

// make sleep
yield msleep(200);
// do something when wake
echo 'you will see hello -> ', yield msleep(300, function () {
    return 'hello';
}), PHP_EOL;

ctx

Get job's ctx in coroutine

usages

go(function () {
    echo 'hello ', (yield ctx())->get('hello'), PHP_EOL;
}, (new Context)->set('hello', 'world'));

defer

A defer statement defers the execution of a function until the surrounding function returns.

usages

yield (function () {
    yield defer(function ($stage) {
        // $stage is returned value or last yield value or throwable if exception
        echo 'in defer', PHP_EOL;
    });
    echo 'in end', PHP_EOL;
})();

race

Same effect as promise's race but accepts Promised Generator and Context

usages

yield race((function () {
    echo 'hello ', (yield ctx())->get('hello'), PHP_EOL;
})(), timeout(500), (new Context)->set('hello', 'world'));

all

Same syntax with race