Stream large XML files as DOM nodes with low memory consumption

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0.5.0 2022-11-01 12:45 UTC

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Last update: 2024-03-29 03:26:11 UTC


Stream large XML files as individual DOM elements with low memory consumption.

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This library is installable via Composer:

composer require benmorel/xml-streamer


This library requires:

  • PHP 7.4 or later
  • the DOM extension
  • the XMLReader extension

These extensions are enabled by default, and should be available in most PHP environments.

Project status & release process

This library is under development.

The current releases are numbered 0.x.y. When a non-breaking change is introduced (adding new methods, optimizing existing code, etc.), y is incremented.

When a breaking change is introduced, a new 0.x version cycle is always started.

It is therefore safe to lock your project to a given release cycle, such as 0.5.*.

If you need to upgrade to a newer release cycle, check the release history for a list of changes introduced by each further 0.x.0 version.


Let's say you have a product feed containing a list of one million products, in the following format:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

To read it product by product, you instantiate an XMLStreamer with the path to a <product> element:

use BenMorel\XMLStreamer\XMLStreamer;

$streamer = new XMLStreamer('feed', 'products', 'product');

Any element in the document that does not match this path will be ignored.

You can then proceed to streaming the file with a generator, that will yield a DOMElement object for each <product>:

foreach ($streamer->stream('product-feed.xml') as $product) {
    /** @var DOMElement $product */
    echo $product->getElementsByTagName('name')->item(0)->textContent; // foo, ..., bar

Querying with SimpleXML

If you prefer to work with SimpleXML, you can use simplexml_import_dom(). SimpleXML requires that you wrap your element in a DOMDocument before importing it:

foreach ($streamer->stream('product-feed.xml') as $product) {
    /** @var DOMElement $product */
    $document = new \DOMDocument();
    $element = simplexml_import_dom($product);

    echo $element->name; // foo, ..., bar

This requires the SimpleXML extension, which is enabled by default.

Return value

After all elements have been processed, the generator returns the number of streamed elements:

$products = $streamer->stream('product-feed.xml');

foreach ($products as $product) { /* ... */ }
$productCount = $products->getReturn();

Configuration options

Limiting the number of elements

If you need to get just a preview of the XML file, you can set the maximum number of elements to stream:


With this configuration, XMLStreamer would yield at most 10 elements, and ignore further entries.

Configuring the encoding

The encoding of the source file is automatically read from the XML declaration:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

If your XML file is missing the encoding, you can specify it manually:


Note that this only specifies the input file encoding. The DOMElement output is always UTF-8.

Error handling

If an error occurs at any point (error opening or reading the file, malformed document), an XMLReaderException is thrown.

Note that the streaming may have already been started when the exception is thrown, so the generator may have already yielded a number of elements.