anax/request

Anax Request module, details on the request.

v2.0.2 2019-11-07 14:39 UTC

README

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Anax Request module for wrapping all request related information.

The module essentially wraps access to $_GET, $_POST, $_SERVER, information send through the HTTP body and calculates url details (current, site, base, route path) from the request uri.

The module provides a framework unified way to access these global variables and it provides a way to inject a certain setup when using the module for unit testing.

Table of content

Class, interface, trait

The following classes, interfaces and traits exists.

Class, interface, trait Description
Anax\Request\Request Wrapper class for request details and related.

Exceptions

Module specific exceptions are thrown through Anax\Request\Exception.

Configuration file

There is no configuration file for this module.

DI service

The module is created as a framework service within $di. You can see the details in the configuration file config/di/request.php.

It can look like this.

/**
 * Configuration file for request service.
 */
return [
    // Services to add to the container.
    "services" => [
        "request" => [
            "shared" => true,
            "callback" => function () {
                $obj = new \Anax\Request\Request();
                $obj->init();
                return $obj;
            }
        ],
    ],
];
  1. The object is created as a shared resource.
  2. The init-method reads information from the environment to find out the url of the request.

The service is lazy loaded and not created until it is used.

General usage within the Anax framework

The request service is a mandatory service within the Anax framework and it is the first service used when handling a request.

Here is the general flow for receiving a request, mapping it to a route and returning a response. This is found in the frontcontroller htdocs/index.php of an Anax installation.

// Leave to router to match incoming request to routes
$response = $di->get("router")->handle(
    $di->get("request")->getRoute(),
    $di->get("request")->getMethod()
);
// Send the HTTP response with headers and body
$di->get("response")->send($response);

The request is used to get the request method and the route path, these are used by the router service to find a callback for the route. Each callback can then return a response which is sent through the response service.

Access as framework service

You can access the module as a framework service.

# $app style
$app->request->getRoute();

# $di style, two alternatives
$di->get("request")->getRoute();

$request = $di->get("request");
$request->getRoute();

Create and init an object

This is how the object can be created. This is usually done within the framework as a sevice in $di.

# Create an object
$request = new \Anax\Request\Request();

# Set (reset) globals, useful in unit testing
# when not using $_GET, $_POST, $_SERVER
$request->setGlobals();

# Init the class by extracting url parts and
# route path.
$request->init();

Extract url and route parts

When the object is initiated you can extract url and route parts from it. This is based on the current url.

# Get site url including scheme, host and port.
$request->getSiteUrl();

# Get base url including site url and path to current index.php.
$request->getBaseUrl();

# Get current url as base url and attach
# the query string.
$request->getCurrentUrl();

# Get script name, index.php or other.
$request->getScriptName();

# Get HTTP request method, for example
# GET, POST, PUT, DELETE.
$request->getMethod();

# Get route path as a string.
$request->getRoute();

# Get route path parts in an array.
$request->getRouteParts();

Get and set $_SERVER

You can get and set values in the PHP global variable $_SERVER.

# Read a value
$request->getServer($key);

# Read a value and use $default if $key is not set.
$request->getServer($key, $default);

# Set a value
$request->setServer($key, $value);

You are reading and setting values in a copy of $_SERVER, so you are not actually editing the global variable, just the internal representation within the class.

Get and set $_GET

You can get and set values in the PHP global variable $_GET.

# Read a value
$request->getGet($key);

# Read a value and use $default if $key is not set.
$request->getGet($key, $default);

# Set a value
$request->setGet($key, $value);

You are reading and setting values in a copy of $_GET, so you are not actually editing the global variable, just the internal representation within the class.

Get and set $_POST

You can get and set values in the PHP global variable $_POST.

# Read a value
$request->getPost($key);

# Read a value and use $default if $key is not set.
$request->getPost($key, $default);

# Set a value
$request->setPost($key, $value);

You are reading and setting values in a copy of $_POST, so you are not actually editing the global variable, just the internal representation within the class.

Get and set request body

You can get and set the value in the HTTP request body. Sometimes the HTTP request body is used to send parameters to an route.

# Read the body
$request->getBody();

# Set the body
$request->setBody($content);

You are setting values in a copy of the actual body, so you are not actually editing it, just the internal representation within the class.

License

This software carries a MIT license. See LICENSE.txt for details.

 .  
..:  Copyright (c) 2013 - 2019 Mikael Roos, mos@dbwebb.se