A set of interfaces and generic implementations which provide synchronization possibilities for background PHP scripts

v1.0.0-beta 2020-09-24 21:23 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2023-09-25 06:05:25 UTC


This package provides a set of interfaces and generic implementations which should ease synchronization between different PHP scripts running in parallel.


In general any consuming side should depend on just two interfaces: LockInterface and IntegerInterface


LockInterface is meant to provide an interface which would allow the parallel process to block or wait for each other or any other circumstances. Consider taking the following example into account:

You have some scripts running in background (let's call them workers) which, for example, take new messages (tasks) from any MessageQueue engine and constantly start and finish with help of supervisor, for example. If you need to temporarily pause them, you could introduce a lock to the system which all the workers would wait for before taking new tasks. In general, this could look like this:

  1. Before taking a new task, all workers wait for a Lock named pause:
// $lock is an instance of LockInterface which is associated with a specific Lock called 'pause'
// further execution is blocked until the Lock is released
  1. Wherever you would like to control those workers (from web admin-panel, for example), you could just acquire that same Lock to pause the workers:
// $lock is an instance of LockInterface which is associated with a specific Lock called 'pause'

All the workers will pause, waiting until the lock is released from the controlling side:


You can also check if a there is an existing (acquired) Lock by using exists method:

if ($lock->exists()) {
    // ...

See the Generic implementation for more info.


IntegerInterface provides a common interface to work atomically with integers from parallel scripts. One of the most common use case for that is tracking the progress of background tasks, either for just decorational purposes (just to show the progress to user), or even to implement some different logic for synchronizing those background tasks.

As an example, imagine you put N new tasks to the queue. At the same time, you could also introduce a new Integer, called progress for example, which would act as a counter. Upon completion of an individual task, each worker would increment that Integer.

// $integers is an instance of IntegerInterface associated with 'progress'  

Any time you need to display a total progress, you could just take that progress Integer together with N (which could also be another instance of IntegerInterface, btw) and calculate the progress in percents and display it somehow. You could also work with that N directly, calling decrement each time a task is finished:

$integer->decrement(1); // which is also the same as $integer->increment(-1);
if ($integer->getValue() == 0) {
    // ...

You can always check if an Integer exists or delete it:

if ($integer->exists()) {
    // ...

See also Generic implementation for more info.


See the source code for both of those interfaces under /src/Core path for a detailed specification about how exactly implementations of them must behave.

Generic implementation

This package also provides a generic implementation of the interfaces mentioned above. This implementation does not work by itself, meaning, it does not provide any exact implementation for making atomic Locks and Integers. Instead, it just relies on underlying Drivers which do the actual job.

This implementation utilizes a Singleton pattern so that Locks and Integers which represent the same entities are represented by a single object during the run of a script.

Imagine you want to get a Lock object which represents a lock named some_lock. In this case you would do the following:

$driver = // get a specific driver somehow, see further
$lock = \PhpSync\Generic\Lock::getInstance('some_lock', $driver);

Later on, if you try to get an instance of Lock for the same some_lock you'll get exactly the same instance:

$lock2 = \PhpSync\Generic\Lock::getInstance('some_lock', $driver);
// $lock === $lock2

some_lock here is a key (or name) of an individual lock.

Singleton management by key is done internally inside the Lock class, but you can still provide your own SingletonManagerInterface as a third parameter in case you need to utilize some "namespacing" for your Locks. You could even provide a new SingletonManager() with each call in case you don't need any "singletoning" at all for some reasons.

Everything stated above is also actual for a generic Integer implementation.


This generic implementation uses Drivers for actual realization of the main functionality. Specifically, there are two kinds of drivers: LockSyncDriverInterface and IntegerSyncDriverInterface, which provide corresponding interfaces for making some atomic actions. Those drivers are NOT shipped with this package and must be installed additionally.

For example, consider looking at a neighbor package amegatron/php-sync-fs, which provides drivers for implementing the functionality based on a local file system.