aligent/async-events

An event-driven flexible async events module that allows you to process any event asynchronously.

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Type:magento2-module

v3.1.2 2022-11-30 22:57 UTC

README

Integration Test REST

A framework for reliably handling asynchronous events with Magento.

  • Asynchronous: The module uses RabbitMQ (or DB queues) to leverage asynchronous message delivery.
  • Flexible: Decoupling events and dispatches provide greater flexibility in message modelling.
  • Scalable: Handles back pressure and provides an asynchronous failover model automatically.

Support

Async Events Magento 2.3.x >= Magento 2.4.0 <= Magento 2.4.3 >= Magento 2.4.4
2.x
3.x

Installation

composer require aligent/async-events

Usage

Define an asynchronous event

Create a new async_events.xml under a module's etc/ directory.

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<config
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="urn:magento:module:Aligent_AsyncEvents:etc/async_events.xsd"
>
    <async_event name="sales.order.created">
        <service class="Magento\Sales\Api\OrderRepositoryInterface" method="get"/>
    </async_event>
</config>

Create Subscription

HTTP Subscription

curl --location --request POST 'https://m2.dev.aligent.consulting:44356/rest/V1/async_event' \
--header 'Authorization: Bearer TOKEN' \
--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
--data-raw '{
    "asyncEvent": {
        "event_name": "sales.order.created",
        "recipient_url": "https://example.com/order_created",
        "verification_token": "fD03@NpYbXYg",
        "metadata": "http"
    }
}'

Amazon EventBridge Subscription

Requires the EventBridge Notifier

curl --location --request POST 'https://m2.dev.aligent.consulting:44356/rest/V1/async_event' \
--header 'Authorization: Bearer TOKEN' \
--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
--data-raw '{
    "asyncEvent": {
        "event_name": "sales.order.created",
        "recipient_url": "arn:aws:events:ap-southeast-2:005158166381:rule/Test.EventBridge.Rule",
        "verification_token": "aIW0G9n3*9wN",
        "metadata": "event_bridge"
    }
}'

Dispatch an asynchronous event

public function execute(Observer $observer): void
{
    /** @var Order $object */
    $object = $observer->getEvent()->getData('order');

    // arguments are the inputs required by the service class in the asynchronous
    // event definition in async_events.xml
    // e.g: Magento\Sales\Api\OrderRepositoryInterface::get
    $arguments = ['id' => $object->getId()];
    $data = ['sales.order.created', $this->json->serialize($arguments)];

    $this->publisher->publish(
        QueueMetadataInterface::EVENT_QUEUE,
        $data
    );
}

Ensure the following consumers are running

bin/magento queue:consumer:start event.trigger.consumer
bin/magento queue:consumer:start event.retry.consumer

Advanced Usage

Refer to the Wiki

Features

Trace

All events are logged at the individual subscription level with a UUID.

All information from the first delivery attempt to the latest attempt is presented as a trace table. The event payload is also available to view for investigation purposes.

Event Trace Page

Retries

Events are automatically retried with exponential back off. The default retry limit is 5. The maximum backoff is 60 seconds.

The exponential backoff is calculated as min(60, pow($deathCount, 2));

Attempt Backoff
1 1 second
2 4 seconds
3 9 seconds
4 16 seconds
5 25 seconds

To change the default retry limit visit Admin > Stores > Settings > Configuration > Advanced > System > Async Events and update Maximum Deaths.

Retry Limit Config Page

Replays

An event can be replayed independent of its status. This is useful to debug or replay an event when all retries are exhausted.

Replays start a new chain of delivery attempts and will respect the same retry mechanism if they fail again.

Lucene Query Syntax

All events are indexed in Elasticsearch by default. This allows you to search through events including the event payload!

The module supports Lucene Query Syntax to query event data like attributes.

The following attributes are available across all asynchronous events.

log_id
uuid
event_name
success
created

The following attributes differ between asynchronous event types.

data

Examples

Assuming you have the following events configured

customer.created
customer.updated
customer.deleted
sales.order.created
sales.invoice.created
shipment.created
shipment.updated
shipment.deleted

You can query all customer events by using a wildcard like event_name: customer.* which matches the following events

customer.created
customer.updated
customer.deleted

You can query all created events like *.created which matches the following events

customer.created
sales.order.created
sales.invoice.created
shipment.created

You can further narrow down using the other available attributes such as status or uuid.

The following query returns all customer events which have failed. customer.* AND success: false

You can combine complex lucene queries to fetch event history and then export them via the admin grid as a csv if you wish.

Searching inside event payloads

Searching an event payload depends on what event you are searching on.

For the following example event payload, four properties are indexed as attributes. Therefore, you can query on data.customer_email, data.customer_firstname, data.customer_lastname and data.increment_id. Properties inside array at any level are not searchable.

{
    "data": {
        "customer_email": "roni_cost@example.com",
        "customer_firstname": "Veronica",
        "customer_lastname": "Costello",
        "increment_id": "CK00000001",
        "payment_additional_info": [
            {
                "key": "method_title",
                "value": "Check / Money order"
            }
        ]
    }
}

Search all events where the customer email is roni_cost@example.com

data.data.customer_email: roni_cost@example.com

Lucene Example 1

Search all events with the order increment id starting with CK and status success

data.data.increment_id: CK* AND success: true

Lucene Example 2

To turn off asynchronous event indexing visit Admin > Stores > Settings > Configuration > Advanced > System > Async Events and disable Enable Asynchronous Events Indexing.