Nette Mail: Sending E-mails

v2.3.4 2015-11-29 22:09 UTC


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Almost every web application needs to send e-mails, whether newsletters or order confirmations. That's why Nette Framework provides necessary tools.

Example of creating an e-mail using Nette\Mail\Message class:

use Nette\Mail\Message;

$mail = new Message;
$mail->setFrom('John <john@example.com>')
	->setSubject('Order Confirmation')
	->setBody("Hello, Your order has been accepted.");

All parameters must be encoded in UTF-8.

And sending:

use Nette\Mail\SendmailMailer;

$mailer = new SendmailMailer;

In addition to specifying recipient with addTo(), it's possible to specify recipient of copy with addCc() and recipient of blind copy: addBcc(). In all these methods, including setFrom(), we can specifiy addressee in three ways:

$mail->setFrom('john.doe@example.com', 'John Doe');
$mail->setFrom('John Doe <john.doe@example.com>');

HTML content can be defined using setHtmlBody() method:

$mail->setHTMLBody('<b>Sample HTML</b> <img src="background.gif">');

Embedded images can be inserted using $mail->addEmbeddedFile('background.gif'), but it is not necessary. Why? Because Nette Framework finds and inserts all files referenced in the HTML code automatically. This behavior can be supressed by adding FALSE as a second parameter of the setHtmlBody() method.

If a HTML e-mail has no plain-text alternative, it will be automatically generated. And if it has no subject set, it will be taken from the <title> element.

Of course, it's possible to add attachments to the e-mail:


Can e-mail sending be even easier?

Custom mailer

Default mailer uses PHP function mail. If you need to send mail through a SMTP server, you can use SmtpMailer.

$mailer = new Nette\Mail\SmtpMailer(array(
        'host' => 'smtp.gmail.com',
        'username' => 'john@gmail.com',
        'password' => '*****',
        'secure' => 'ssl',

You can also create your own mailer - it's a class implementing Nette\Mail\IMailer interface.