10quality/php-data-model

PHP Library that provides generic and scalable Data Models (abstract model class) for any type of data handling.

v1.0.3 2023-01-05 16:44 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2023-01-05 16:45:23 UTC


README

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PHP Library that provides generic and scalable Data Models (abstract model class) for any type of data handling.

This perfect and suitable for when developing MVC frameworks, Api clients, wrappets and/or any type of project that requires data handling.

Models inspired by Laravel and our very own Wordpress MVC.

Requires

  • PHP >= 5.4

Usage

When defining your models, extend them from the Model abstract class.

In the following example, a Product data model will be created and will extend from the Model abstract class.

use TenQuality\Data\Model;

class Product extends Model
{
}

Then instantiate your models like this:

$product = new Product;

Adding data

Very easy, simply add the data like an object property.

// Set data
$product->price = 19.99;
$product->name = 'My product';
$product->brandName = '10 Quality';

// Get data
echo $product->price; // Will echo 19.99
echo $product->name; // Will echo My product
echo $product->brandName; // Will echo 10 Quality

Creating aliases

Aliases are model properties that are set or get by class methods. This are defined in the model.

In the following example, an alias will be created in the model to display prices with currenty.

use TenQuality\Data\Model;

class Product extends Model
{
    /**
     * Method for alias property `displayPrice`.
     * Return `price` property concatenated with the $ (dollar) symbol
     */
    protected function getDisplayPriceAlias()
    {
        return '$'.$this->price;
    }

    /**
     * Method for alias property `displayPrice`.
     * Sets a the price value if the alias is used.
     */
    protected function setDisplayPriceAlias($value)
    {
        $this->price = floatval(str_replace('$', '', $value));
    }
}

Then use it like this:

$product->price = 19.99;

// Get alias property
echo $product->displayPrice; // Will echo $19.99

// Set alias property
$product->displayPrice = 29.99;

// Echo property
echo $product->price; // Will echo 29.99
echo $product->displayPrice; // Will echo $29.99

You can also init the models with the construct method (passing properties as an array):

$product = new Product(['price' => 19.99]);

// Echo property
echo $product->price; // Will echo 19.99

Casting

Before using any casting options, the model needs to define which properties are visible and which are hidden. This is done by listing the visible ones like this:

use TenQuality\Data\Model;

class Product extends Model
{
    protected $properties = [
        'name',
        'price',
        'displayPrice',
    ];
}

Notice that both properties and aliases can be listed. Following the samples above, property brandName will stay hidden from casting.

Cast the model like this:

var_dump($model->toArray()); // To array
var_dump($model->__toArray()); // To array

echo (string)$model; // To json encoded string

echo $model->toJSON(); // To json encoded string
echo $model->__toJSON(); // To json encoded string

// You can force JSON casting to be encoded using different options and depth, as described in PHPs documentation
// http://php.net/manual/en/function.json-encode.php
echo $model->toJSON(JSON_NUMERIC_CHECK, 600);

Collections

This package also provides a Collection class that will facilitate the use of multiple models or data records.

Collections behave like normal arrays would:

use TenQuality\Data\Collection;

$collection = new Collection;
// Add your models as you would normally do with arrays
$collection[] = $product;
$collection[] = $product;

echo count($collection); // Thrown count
var_dump($collection[0]); // Dumps first model added

// Loop a collection
foreach ($collection as $product) {
    // Do your stuff
}

Collections can be sorted very easily:

use TenQuality\Data\Collection;

$collection = new Collection;
// Add your models as you would normally do with arrays
$collection[] = new Product(['price' => 99.99]);
$collection[] = new Product(['price' => 2.99]);

// Loop a collection
foreach ($collection->sortBy('price') as $product) {
    echo $product->price; // 2.99 will display first and then 99.99
}

// Change sorting criteria
// http://php.net/manual/en/array.constants.php
print_r($collection->sortBy('price', SORT_NUMERIC));

Data in a collection can be grouped very easily:

use TenQuality\Data\Collection;

$collection = new Collection;
// Add your models as you would normally do with arrays
$collection[] = new Fruit(['name' => 'Apple', 'color' => 'red']);
$collection[] = new Fruit(['name' => 'Banana', 'color' => 'yellow']);
$collection[] = new Fruit(['name' => 'Strawberry', 'color' => 'red']);
$collection[] = new Fruit(['name' => 'Orange', 'color' => 'orange']);

// Loop a collection
foreach ($collection->groupBy('color') as $color => $fruits) {
    // This will group the data in sub arrays based on colors
    echo $color;
    foreach ($fruits as $fruit) {
        echo $fruit; // Fruit in the color grouped by.
    }
}

Cast the colleciton like this:

var_dump($collection->toArray()); // To array
var_dump($collection->__toArray()); // To array

echo (string)$collection; // To json encoded string

echo $collection->toJSON(); // To json encoded string
echo $collection->__toJSON(); // To json encoded string

// You can force JSON casting to be encoded using different options and depth, as described in PHPs documentation
// http://php.net/manual/en/function.json-encode.php
echo $collection->toJSON(JSON_NUMERIC_CHECK, 600);

Guidelines

PSR-2 coding standards.

Copyright and License

MIT License - (C) 2018 10 Quality.