yandex-cloud/ydb-php-sdk

YDB PHP SDK

v1.4.2 2023-01-13 03:22 UTC

README

YDB PHP SDK provides access to YDB from PHP code.

YDB is a open-source distributed fault-tolerant DBMS with high availability and scalability, strict consistency and ACID. An SQL dialect – YQL – is used for queries.

YDB is available in several modes:

  • On-prem installation (is not supported by this SDK yet);
  • Serverless computing mode in YC (only performed operations are paid);
  • Dedicated instance mode in YC (dedicated computing resources are paid).

Documentation

https://ydb.tech/docs/

Installation

The recommended method of installing is Composer.

Run the following:

composer require ydb-platform/ydb-php-sdk

Connection

First, create a database using Yandex Cloud Console.

YDB supports the following authentication methods:

  • OAuth token
  • JWT + private key
  • JWT + JSON file
  • Metadata URL

OAuth token

You should obtain a new OAuth token.

Use your OAuth token:

<?php

use YdbPlatform\Ydb\Ydb;

$config = [

    // Database path
    'database'    => '/ru-central1/b1glxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx/etn0xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx',

    // Database endpoint
    'endpoint'    => 'ydb.serverless.yandexcloud.net:2135',

    // Auto discovery (dedicated server only)
    'discovery'   => false,

    // IAM config
    'iam_config'  => [
        'temp_dir'       => './tmp', // Temp directory
        'root_cert_file' => './CA.pem', // Root CA file (dedicated server only!)

        // OAuth token authentication
        'oauth_token'    => 'AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA',
    ],
];

$ydb = new Ydb($config);

JWT + private key

Create a service account with the editor role, then create a private key. Also you need a key ID and a service account ID.

Connect to your database:

<?php

use YdbPlatform\Ydb\Ydb;

$config = [
    'database'    => '/ru-central1/b1glxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx/etn0xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx',
    'endpoint'    => 'ydb.serverless.yandexcloud.net:2135',
    'discovery'   => false,
    'iam_config'  => [
        'temp_dir'           => './tmp', // Temp directory
        'root_cert_file'     => './CA.pem', // Root CA file (dedicated server only!)

        // Private key authentication
        'key_id'             => 'ajexxxxxxxxx',
        'service_account_id' => 'ajeyyyyyyyyy',
        'private_key_file'   => './private.key',
    ],
];

$ydb = new Ydb($config);

JWT + JSON file

Create a service account with the editor role.

Create a service account JSON file, save it in your project as sa_name.json.

Connect to your database:

<?php

use YdbPlatform\Ydb\Ydb;

$config = [
    'database'    => '/ru-central1/b1glxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx/etn0xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx',
    'endpoint'    => 'ydb.serverless.yandexcloud.net:2135',
    'discovery'   => false,
    'iam_config'  => [
        'temp_dir'       => './tmp', // Temp directory
        'root_cert_file' => './CA.pem', // Root CA file (dedicated server only!)

        // Service account JSON file authentication
        'service_file'   => './sa_name.json',
    ],
];

$ydb = new Ydb($config);

Metadata URL

When you deploy a project to VM or function at Yandex.Cloud, you are able to connect to the database using Metadata URL. Before you start, you should link your service account to an existing or new VM or function.

<?php

use YdbPlatform\Ydb\Ydb;

$config = [

    // Database path
    'database'    => '/ru-central1/b1glxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx/etn0xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx',

    // Database endpoint
    'endpoint'    => 'ydb.serverless.yandexcloud.net:2135',

    // Auto discovery (dedicated server only)
    'discovery'   => false,

    // IAM config
    'iam_config'  => [
        'temp_dir'     => './tmp', // Temp directory
        'use_metadata' => true,
    ],
];

$ydb = new Ydb($config);

Usage

You should initialize a session from the Table service to start querying.

<?php

use YdbPlatform\Ydb\Ydb;

$config = [
    // ...
];

$ydb = new Ydb($config);

// obtaining the Table service
$table = $ydb->table();

// obtaining a session
$session = $table->session();

// making a query
$result = $session->query('select * from `users` limit 10;');

$users_count = $result->rowCount();
$users = $result->rows();

$columns = $result->columns();

Also, you may call the query() method directly on the Table service. In this case a session will be created behind the scenes, and it will proxy your query to the session.

<?php

$table = $ydb->table();

// making a query
$result = $table->query('select * from `users` limit 10;');

As soon as your script is finished, the session will be destroyed.

Customizing queries

Normally, a regular query through the query() method is sufficient, but in exceptional cases, you may need to fine-tune the query settings. You could do it using the query builder:

<?php

$session = $table->session();

// creating a new query builder instance
$query = $session->newQuery('select * from `users` limit 10;');

// a setting to keep in cache
$query->keepInCache();

// a setting to begin a transaction with the given mode
$query->beginTx('stale');

$result = $query->execute();

Methods of the query builder:

  • keepInCache(bool $value) - keep in cache (default: true)
  • collectStats(int $value) - collect stats (default: 1)
  • parameters(array $parameters) - parameters
  • operationParams(\Ydb\Operations\OperationParams $operation_params) - operation params
  • beginTx(string $mode) - begin a transaction with the given mode:
    • stale
    • online
    • online_inconsistent
    • serializable
  • txControl(\Ydb\Table\TransactionControl $tx_control) - transaction control with custom settings

You can chain these methods for convenience.