ACL component for Laravel 4

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v1.0.1-RC5 2014-04-15 11:07 UTC

README

ACL component for Laravel 4.

(As of v1.0.0-RC6, laravel-acl is no longer compatible with Laravel 4.0. For Laravel 4.0 use version v1.0.0-RC5 or earlier versions)

Build Status

Installation

First you need to install this package through Composer. Edit your project's composer.json file to require vivify-ideas/acl.

  "require": {
    "vivify-ideas/acl": "dev-master"
  },
  "minimum-stability" : "dev"

Next, update Composer from the Terminal:

  composer update

Once this operation completes, you will need to add the service provider into your app. Open app/config/app.php, and add a new item to the providers array.

  'VivifyIdeas\Acl\AclServiceProvider',

And also add new alias into aliases array.

  'Acl' => 'VivifyIdeas\Acl\Facades\Acl',

The last step is to create database structure for keeping ACL. You can do this easily by running the following artisan command:

php artisan acl:install

This will use current permission provider (Eloquent) to create necessary DB structure. When finished, you should have six new tables in your database: acl_permissions, acl_groups, acl_user_permissions, acl_roles, acl_roles_permissions and acl_users_roles.

That's it! You're all set to go.

Configuration

After runing artisan acl:install command, you will get a new config file in app/config/packages/vivify-ideas/acl/config.php.

There you will notice several different settings.

Provider

'provider' => 'eloquent'

Here you can set the provider class that you want to use. Main feature of this ACL component is PermissionsProvider, which abstract storage of permissions. Currently Eloquent is the only one permission provider available (you can assume that permissions will be stored in DB that you specified on your project).

SuperUsers

'superusers' => array()

Here you can define user IDs that will have superuser rights. These users will be allowed all permissions.

GuestUser

'guestuser' => 0

Put here ID that will used for setting permissions to guest users.

Permissions

'permissions' => array()

Here you need to put permissions for every resource that will be protected by ACL. Any resource that is not definied here or has its allowed field set to true will be freely accessable by any authenticated user or possibly a guest. Permissions need to be in following format:

array(
  array(
    'id' => 'PERMISSION_ID',
    'allowed' => true|false,
    'route' => array('GET:/resource/(\d+)/edit', 'PUT:/resource/(\d+)'),
    'resource_id_required' => true|false,
    'name' => 'Permission name',
    'group_id' => 'GROUP_ID_1', // optional
  ), array(
    'id' => 'PERMISSION_ID_2',
    'allowed' => true|false,
    'route' => 'GET:/resource/(\d+)',
    'resource_id_required' => true|false,
    'name' => 'Permission 2 name'
    'group_id' => 'GROUP_ID_2', // optional
  )
 )

Groups

'groups' => array()

The purpose of groups is to limit access to groups of resources that share the same base path. For example you want to alllow user to access the page at admin/products path Every permission can belong to a group. You can have groups that belongs to other group. Every group can have a route. Use the following format:

array(
  array(
    'id' => 'ADMIN_PRIVILEGES',
    'name' => 'Administrator Privileges',
    'route' => 'GET:/admin/(\d+)',

    'children' => array(
      array(
        'id' => 'MANAGE_STUFF',
        'name' => 'Manage Stuff',
        'route' => 'GET:/resource/(\d+)'
      ),
      array(
        'id' => 'MANAGE_PRODUCTS',
        'name' => 'Manage Products',
        'route' => 'GET:/resource/(\d+)'
      ),
      array(
        'id' => 'MANAGE_USERS',
        'name' => 'Manage Users',
        'route' => 'GET:/resource/(\d+)',

        'children' => array(
          array(
            'id' => 'MANAGE_SPEC_USER',
            'name' => 'Manage spec user',
            'route' => 'GET:/resource/(\d+)'
          )
        )
      )
    )
  ),
  array(
    'id' => 'STUFF_PRIVILEGES',
    'name' => 'Stuff Privileges',
  )
)

Roles

'roles' => array()

Roles are sets of permissions that can be assigned to different users. <!--- Roles can have parent role and children roles that inherit their permissions. (not yet implemented) --> Permissions based on roles are applied after general permissions, but before user specific permissions. This means that you can override role based permissions with user specific permissions.

Usage

When you are satisfied with your configuration file, run the following artisan command:

php artisan acl:update

This command needs to be run every time you update config file with new permissions and wish to add them to the database.

If you want to delete all permissions (including user permissions), and again reload permissions from config file you can use this command:

php artisan acl:reset

Available Artisan commands

Here is the list of all artisan commands:

  • acl:install Create ACL table structure.
  • acl:install clean Delete all acl tables, reset config file to default version and again create ACL table structure.
  • acl:update Update all ACL permissions in the database from config file.
  • acl:reset Reset all ACL permissions. This will delete both user and system permissions and install permissions from config file

Add Acl Filter To Your Application

Now we need to add appropriate filter to application and to set usage in routes.php file.

You can add this filter to your filters.php file and adjust it to suit your own needs:

Route::filter('acl', function($route, $request)
{
    // we need this because laravel delete form sends POST request with {_method: 'DELETE'} as parameter
    $method = $request->has('_method') ? $request->input('_method') : $request->server('REQUEST_METHOD');

    if (!Acl::checkRoute($method, $request->server('REQUEST_URI'))) {
         App::abort(403);
    }
});

And then in routes.php use this filter according to your needs.

Route::group(array('before' => 'acl', 'prefix' => '/admin'), function()
{
...
});

Checking permissions

Here are few ways how to check user permissions:

// Whether a user with ID 2 can see a list of all products
Acl::user(2)->permission('LIST_PRODUCTS')->check();

// Whether a user with ID 1 can edit product with ID 2
Acl::user(1)->permission('EDIT_PRODUCT', 2)->check();

// Can currently authenticated user edit product with ID 2
Acl::permission('EDIT_PRODUCT', 2)->check();

// Whether a user with ID 1 can edit and delete product with ID 2
Acl::user(1)->permission('EDIT_PRODUCT', 2)
            ->permission('DELETE_PRODUCT', 2)
            ->check();

// Can user with ID 1 access /products URL
Acl::user(1)->checkRoute('GET', '/products')

// Can currently authenticated user access /products URL
Acl::checkRoute('GET', '/products');

// Get me array of product IDs that user with ID 1 can edit
Acl::user(1)->permission('EDIT_PRODUCT')->getResourceIds();

// Get me array of product IDs that user with ID 1 can not edit
Acl::user(1)->permission('EDIT_PRODUCT')->getResourceIds(false);