HTML sanitizer aiming to provide XSS-safe markup based on explicitly allowed tags, attributes and values.

v2.1.4 2023-11-14 07:41 UTC



TYPO3 HTML Sanitizer

ℹ️ Common safe HTML tags & attributes as given in \TYPO3\HtmlSanitizer\Builder\CommonBuilder still might be adjusted, extended or rearranged to more specific builders.

In a Nutshell

This typo3/html-sanitizer package aims to be a standalone component that can be used by any PHP-based project or library. Albeit it is released within the TYPO3 namespace, it is agnostic to specifics of TYPO3 CMS.

  • \TYPO3\HtmlSanitizer\Behavior contains declarative settings for a particular process for sanitizing HTML.
  • \TYPO3\HtmlSanitizer\Visitor\VisitorInterface (multiple different visitors can exist at the same time) are actually doing the work based on the declared Behavior. Visitors can modify nodes or mark them for deletion.
  • \TYPO3\HtmlSanitizer\Sanitizer can be considered as the working instance, invoking visitors, parsing and serializing HTML. In general this instance does not contain much logic on how to handle particular nodes, attributes or values
  • \TYPO3\HtmlSanitizer\Builder\BuilderInterface can be used to create multiple different builder instances - in terms of "presets" - which combine declaring a particular Behavior, initialization of VisitorInterface instances, and finally returning a ready-to-use Sanitizer instance


composer req typo3/html-sanitizer

Example & API

use TYPO3\HtmlSanitizer\Behavior;
use TYPO3\HtmlSanitizer\Behavior\NodeInterface;
use TYPO3\HtmlSanitizer\Sanitizer;
use TYPO3\HtmlSanitizer\Visitor\CommonVisitor;

require_once 'vendor/autoload.php';

$commonAttrs = [
    new Behavior\Attr('id'),
    new Behavior\Attr('class'),
    new Behavior\Attr('data-', Behavior\Attr::NAME_PREFIX),
$hrefAttr = (new Behavior\Attr('href'))
    ->addValues(new Behavior\RegExpAttrValue('#^https?://#'));

// attention: only `Behavior` implementation uses immutability
// (invoking `withFlags()` or `withTags()` returns new instance)
$behavior = (new Behavior())
    ->withFlags(Behavior::ENCODE_INVALID_TAG | Behavior::ENCODE_INVALID_COMMENT)
    ->withoutNodes(new Behavior\Comment())
    ->withNodes(new Behavior\CdataSection())
        (new Behavior\Tag('div', Behavior\Tag::ALLOW_CHILDREN))
        (new Behavior\Tag('a', Behavior\Tag::ALLOW_CHILDREN))
        (new Behavior\Tag('br'))
        (new Behavior\NodeHandler(
            new Behavior\Tag('typo3'),
            new Behavior\Handler\ClosureHandler(
                static function (NodeInterface $node, ?DOMNode $domNode): ?DOMNode {
                    return $domNode === null
                        ? null
                        : new DOMText(sprintf('%s says: "%s"',

$visitors = [new CommonVisitor($behavior)];
$sanitizer = new Sanitizer($behavior, ...$visitors);

$html = <<< EOH
<div id="main">
    <typo3>Inspiring People To Share</typo3>
    <!-- will be encoded, due to Behavior::ENCODE_INVALID_COMMENT -->
    <a class="no-href">invalidated, due to missing mandatory `href` attr</a>
    <a href="https://typo3.org/" data-type="url" wrong-attr="is-removed">TYPO3</a><br>
    (the <span>SPAN, SPAN, SPAN</span> tag shall be encoded to HTML entities)

echo $sanitizer->sanitize($html);

will result in the following sanitized output

<div id="main">
    TYPO3 says: "Inspiring People To Share"
    &lt;!-- will be encoded, due to Behavior::ENCODE_INVALID_COMMENT --&gt;
    &lt;a class="no-href"&gt;invalidated, due to missing mandatory `href` attr&lt;/a&gt;
    <a href="https://typo3.org/" data-type="url">TYPO3</a><br>
    (the &lt;span&gt;SPAN, SPAN, SPAN&lt;/span&gt; tag shall be encoded to HTML entities)

ℹ️ Changes

  • since v2.1.0 newly introduced nodes Behavior\Comment and Behavior\CdataSection are enabled per default for backward compatibility reasons, use e.g. $behavior->withoutNodes(new Behavior\Comment()) to remove them (later versions of this package won't have this fallback anymore)
  • since v2.1.0 it is suggested to provide a \TYPO3\HtmlSanitizer\Behavior when creating a new instance of \TYPO3\HtmlSanitizer\Sanitizer, e.g. new Sanitizer($behavior, ...$visitors)

Find more details on all changes in UPGRADING.md.

Behavior flags

  • Behavior::ENCODE_INVALID_TAG keeps invalid tags, but "disarms" them (see <span> in example)
  • Behavior::ENCODE_INVALID_ATTR keeps invalid attributes, but "disarms" the whole(!) tag
  • Behavior::ENCODE_INVALID_COMMENT "disarms" unexpected HTML comments by completely encoding them
  • Behavior::ENCODE_INVALID_CDATA_SECTION "disarms" unexpected HTML CDATA sections by completely encoding them
  • Behavior::REMOVE_UNEXPECTED_CHILDREN removes children for Tag entities that were created without explicitly using Tag::ALLOW_CHILDREN, but actually contained child nodes
  • Behavior::ALLOW_CUSTOM_ELEMENTS allow using custom elements (having a hyphen -) - however, it is suggested to explicitly name all known and allowed tags and avoid using this flag


In general the TYPO3 core is released under the GNU General Public License version 2 or any later version (GPL-2.0-or-later). In order to avoid licensing issues and incompatibilities this package is licenced under the MIT License. In case you duplicate or modify source code, credits are not required but really appreciated.

Local Testing

Composer project oliverhader/html-sanitizer-demo offers a local development server to ease manual testing for potentially vulnerable XSS payloads.

Security Contact

In case of finding additional security issues in the TYPO3 project or in this package in particular, please get in touch with the TYPO3 Security Team, or directly report a vulnerability via GitHub.