thamtech/yii2-di

Yii2 dependency-injection enhancements

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Type:yii2-extension

v0.2.0 2020-08-25 21:00 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2024-06-10 04:14:44 UTC


README

Yii2-di provides some enhancements to Yii2's dependency injection framework.

Installation

The preferred way to install this extension is through composer.

php composer.phar require --prefer-dist thamtech/yii2-di

or add

"thamtech/yii2-di": "*"

to the require section of your composer.json file.

Usage

Instance

The Instance::ensureAny() method can be used in place of Instance::ensure() if you would like to ensure that an object is one of any number of specified types.

For example,

use yii\db\Connection;

// returns Yii::$app->db
$db = \thamtech\di\Instance::ensure('db', [
    Connection::class,
    \yii\redis\Connection::class,
]);

// returns an instance of Connection using the given configuration.
//     * the first type listed is used as the 'class' parameter when it isn't
//       specified in the reference array
$db = \thamtech\di\Instance::ensureAny([
    'dsn' => 'sqlite:path/to/my.db'
], [
    Connection::class,
    \yii\redis\Connection::class,
])

Instance Provider

The InstanceProvider class adds support for using providers in your dependency injection implementation. This can be used for several purposes, such as lazy or optional retrieval of an instance or as a marker for certain instance types.

Lazy/Optional Retrieval

You may want to inject an object into a class, but the class may not need the object instantiated yet (or ever). In this case, you can inject a provider instead and let your class decide if and when to get() the object instance.

For example,

class ExpensiveInstanceProvider implements \thamtech\di\Provider
{
    public function get()
    {
        // instantiate $object
        // ...
        return $objectInstance;
    }
}

class DependendClass
{
    private $provider;
    public function __construct(ExpensiveInstanceProvider $provider)
    {
        $this->provider = $provider;
    }
    
    public function fooBar()
    {
        $objectInstance = $provider->get();
    }
}

Provider as Marker Class

Java developers might be used to using annotations on abstractly typed parameters to specify particular versions of the instance.

For example,

class FooCacheUtil {
    private Cache cache;
    // dependency injection provides the '@foo' cache component
    public FooCache(@foo Cache cache) {
        this.cache = cache;
    }
}

class BarCacheUtil {
    private Cache cache;
    // dependency injection provides the @bar' cache component
    public BarCache(@bar Cache cache) {
        this.cache = cache;
    }
}

To accomplish something similar with Yii's dependency injection, you can create marker class implementations of InstanceProvider and define your marked components in the dependency injection container.

For example,

namespace example\package;
class FooCacheProvider extends \thamtech\di\InstanceProvider {}
class BarCacheProvider extends \thamtech\di\InstanceProvider {}

class FooCacheUtil
{
    private $cache;
    // dependency injection provides a FooCacheProvider
    public function __construct(FooCacheProvider $cacheProvider)
    {
        $this->cache = $cacheProvider->get();
    }
}

class BarCacheUtil
{
    private $cache;
    // dependency injection provides a BarCacheProvider
    public function __construct(BarCacheProvider $cacheProvider)
    {
        $this->cache = $cacheProvider->get();
    }
}

// application's container configuration
'container' => [
    'singletons' => [
        'example\package\FooCache:::provided' => [
            'class' => 'yii\caching\ArrayCache',
        ],
        'example\package\BarCache:::provided' => [
            'class' => 'yii\caching\DbCache',
        ],
    ],
],

In the example above, the FooCacheProvider and BarCacheProvider subclasses of InstanceProvider are used as marker classes that indicate which type of cache component to provide via dependency injection.

The default implementation of InstanceProvider will look for instances defined in the container with a name corresponding to the subclass provider's class name. The Provider suffix is dropped, and a :::provided suffix is appended.

So the example\package\FooCacheProvider's get() method is going to use the container to look for an instance defined as example\package\FooCache:::provided.

You can override this behavior by overriding one or more of $class, $params, and $config properties when you implement your InstanceProvider subclass.

For example,

namespace example\package;
class FooCacheProvider extends \thamtech\di\InstanceProvider
{
    public $class = 'yii\caching\ArrayCache';
    
    public $config = [
        'serializer' => false,
        'defaultDuration' => 3600,
    ];
}
Type Safety

As seen above, you can configure the provider to return objects of any type via overriding class properties or via container definitions. You may want to enforce a certain level of type safety.

For example, if FooCacheProvider should only return certain cache types, you could specify it as follows:

namespace example\package;
class FooCacheProvider extends \thamtech\di\InstanceProvider
{
    public $ensureTypes = [
        'yii\caching\ArrayCache',
        'yii\caching\FileCache',
    ];
}

This will ensure that your application will throw an exception if someone accidentally configures it to return something else instead:

'container' => [
    'singletons' => [
        'example\package\FooCache:::provided' => [
            'class' => 'yii\caching\DbCache',
        ],
    ],
],

$fooCacheProvider = new FooCacheProvider();
$fooCacheProvider->get(); // will throw an InvalidConfigException