Builder for stack middleware based on HttpKernelInterface.

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v1.0.6 2020-01-30 12:17 UTC

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Last update: 2024-05-17 12:23:59 UTC


Builder for stack middlewares based on HttpKernelInterface.

Stack/Builder is a small library that helps you construct a nested HttpKernelInterface decorator tree. It models it as a stack of middlewares.


If you want to decorate a silex app with session and cache middlewares, you'll have to do something like this:

use Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\HttpCache\Store;

$app = new Silex\Application();

$app->get('/', function () {
    return 'Hello World!';

$app = new Stack\Session(
    new Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\HttpCache\HttpCache(
        new Store(__DIR__.'/cache')

This can get quite annoying indeed. Stack/Builder simplifies that:

$stack = (new Stack\Builder())
    ->push('Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\HttpCache\HttpCache', new Store(__DIR__.'/cache'));

$app = $stack->resolve($app);

As you can see, by arranging the layers as a stack, they become a lot easier to work with.

In the front controller, you need to serve the request:

use Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Request;

$request = Request::createFromGlobals();
$response = $app->handle($request)->send();
$app->terminate($request, $response);

Stack/Builder also supports pushing a callable on to the stack, for situations where instantiating middlewares might be more complicated. The callable should accept a HttpKernelInterface as the first argument and should also return a HttpKernelInterface. The example above could be rewritten as:

$stack = (new Stack\Builder())
    ->push(function ($app) {
        $cache = new HttpCache($app, new Store(__DIR__.'/cache'));
        return $cache;