salmanzafar/laravel-api-exceptions-handler

A Laravel package that makes it easy to handle and customize api exceptions and responses

v1.0.4 2021-04-27 19:50 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2021-09-27 20:44:22 UTC


README

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A Laravel package that makes it easy to handle and customize api exceptions and responses and also support for model uuid

Table of contents

Installation

composer require salmanzafar/laravel-api-exceptions-handler --dev

Configuration (optional)

Publishing service provider

php artisan vendor:publish --provider="Salman\ApiExceptionHandler\ApiExceptionHandlerServiceProvider::class"

Enable the package (Optional)

This package implements Laravel auto-discovery feature. After you install it the package provider and facade are added automatically for laravel >= 5.5.

Api Exceptions

There are many cases in which you want to return a custom response to an api instead of a default response

For example you have a api to get user and you want to return a custom response instead of laravel default response

public function getUser(User $user)
{
  return $user;
}

in above case by default laravel will throw 404 exception if user is not found. now let's see how we can customize this:

Go to app\Exceptions\Handler.php and copy and paste the below part

namespace App\Exceptions;
 
use Exception;
use App\Exceptions\ExceptionTrait;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Exceptions\Handler as ExceptionHandler;
 
class Handler extends ExceptionHandler
{
     use ExceptionTrait;
 
     /**
      * A list of the exception types that are not reported.
      *
      * @var array
      */
     protected $dontReport = [
         //
     ];
 
     /**
      * A list of the inputs that are never flashed for validation exceptions.
      *
      * @var array
      */
     protected $dontFlash = [
         'password',
         'password_confirmation',
     ];
 
     /**
      * Report or log an exception.
      *
      * @param  \Exception  $exception
      * @return void
      */
     public function report(Exception $exception)
     {
         parent::report($exception);
     }
 
     /**
      * Render an exception into an HTTP response.
      *
      * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
      * @param  \Exception  $exception
      * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
      */
     public function render($request, Exception $exception)
     {
         if ($request->expectsJson())
         {
             return $this->ApiExceptions($request,$exception);
         }
 
         return parent::render($request, $exception);
     }
}
  • ExceptionTrait has all the exceptions handling
  • In render function we've added a conditional check add then returned apiExceptions

Now it'll return a the json customized response instead of default laravel response (see below):

{
   "error": "Model Not found"
}

Custom Api Responses

There are plenty of cases where ypu want to customize the laravel default validation/form request response so in thise cas this will help you customizing your response

Let's see the default validation response for laravel

{
  "message": "The given data is invalid",
  "errors": {
      "name": ['name is require']
    }

}

Now Let's modify this by creating a form request e.g CarRequest.php

<?php

namespace App\Http\Requests;

use Illuminate\Contracts\Validation\Validator;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Http\FormRequest;
use Salman\ApiExceptionHandler\Concerns\MyValidationException;

class CarRequest extends FormRequest
{
    /**
     * Determine if the user is authorized to make this request.
     *
     * @return bool
     */
    public function authorize()
    {
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * Get the validation rules that apply to the request.
     *
     * @return array
     */
    public function rules()
    {
        return [
            //
        ];
    }
    
    protected function failedValidation(Validator $validator)
    {
        throw new MyValidationException($validator);
    }
}

Now the api response will be:

{
  "error": "The name field is required"
}

What we did we just added failedValidation in our request and throwed our exception

you can easily modify the above the error based on your needs just publishing this this file MyValidationException

Model Uuid

There are many cases where we want to use uuid as primray key in our model now that is also easier you can use uuid as pk in a jiffy

namespace App;

use \Salman\ApiExceptionHandler\Concerns\UsesUuid;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Car extends Model
{
   use UsesUuid;
}

By just using UsesUuid in your model now you have uuid as pk in your model. don't forget to make changes in migration

<?php

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

class CreateCarsTable extends Migration
{
    /**
     * Run the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('cars', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->uuid('id')->primary();            
            $table->string('name');
            $table->timestamps();
        });
    }

    /**
     * Reverse the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function down()
    {
        Schema::dropIfExists('users');
    }
}

Publishing files

The below command will publish all related files inside App\Concerns folder

php artisan publish:traits

Tested on php 7.4 and laravel 6^