Push Notifications for iOS (APNS), Android (FCM)

2.4.6 2020-10-02 08:11 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2021-01-02 08:45:19 UTC


... is a small php-library to wrap Apple (APNS) and Google (FCM) Push-Notifications into a simple syntax.



use ricwein\PushNotification\{PushNotification, Message, Handler};

$message = new Message('message', 'title', ['payload' => 'data']);
$fcm = new Handler\FCM('ExampleGooglePushToken12345678987654321');

$push = new PushNotification(['fcm' => $fcm]);
$push->send($message, ['<device-token>' => 'fcm']);


NOTE: The APNS Handler uses the new apple push servers, which require HTTP2. Therefore, curl with HTTP2 support must be installed. If it's not available, use the legacy, deprecated APNSBinary handler instead.

use ricwein\PushNotification\{PushNotification, Message, Handler, Config};

$message = new Message('message', 'title', ['payload' => 'data']);
$apns = new Handler\APNS(Config::ENV_PRODUCTION, 'com.bundle.id', 'cert.pem');
// $legacy = new Handler\APNSBinary(Config::ENV_PRODUCTION, 'cert.pem');

$push = new PushNotification(['apns' => $apns]);
$push->send($message, ['<device-token>' => 'apns']);


Sending messages to multiple devices of difference operating systems is also simple:

use ricwein\PushNotification\{PushNotification, Message, Handler, Config};

$message = new Message('message', 'title');
$fcm = new Handler\FCM('ExampleGooglePushToken12345678987654321');
$apns = new Handler\APNS(Config::ENV_PRODUCTION, 'com.bundle.id', 'cert.pem');

$push = new PushNotification(['apns' => $apns, 'fcm' => $fcm]);
$push->send($message, [
    '<ios-device-token1>' => 'apns',
    '<ios-device-token2>' => 'apns',
    '<android-device-token1>' => 'fcm',
    '<android-device-token2>' => 'fcm',

single message / single handler

For single handler messages it's possible to inline the handler into the device-destination array. The handler is then freed automatically after the message was send.

use ricwein\PushNotification\{PushNotification, Message, Handler};

$result = (new PushNotification)->send(new Message($body,$title),[
    '<device-token>' => new Handler\<APNS/FCM/etc.>(...$config);


This class uses the root-namespace ricwein\PushNotification.


The libraries main class is called PushNotification and requires an array of available push-handlers for the constructor. It's possible to set an ID as the handlers array key, to allow assigning devices to the handler later on.

Available push-handler are:

  • Apple: PushNotification\Handler\APNS
  • Google: PushNotification\Handler\FCM

They're all extending PushNotification\Handler


Since all push-settings are push-handler specific, the settings are directly applied in the handler constructors.

  • APNS:
 new APNS(
    string $environment /* (Config::ENV_PRODUCTION / Config::ENV_DEVELOPMENT / Config::ENV_CUSTOM) */,
    string $appBundleID,
    string $certPath,
    ?string $certPassphrase = null,
    ?string $caCertPath = null,
    ?string $url = null,
    int $timeout = 10
  • FCM:
 new FCM(
    string $token,
    ?string $caCertPath = null,
    string $url = self::FCM_ENDPOINT,
    int $timeout = 10

It's also possible to have multiple push-handlers with different configurations like:

use ricwein\PushNotification\{PushNotification, Message, Handler, Config};

$apnsProd = new Handler\APNS(Config::ENV_PRODUCTION, 'com.bundle.id', 'cert.pem');
$apnsDev = new Handler\APNS(Config::ENV_DEVELOPMENT, 'com.bundle.id', 'cert-dev.pem');
$message = new Message('message', 'title');
$push = new PushNotification(['prod' => $apnsProd, 'dev' => $apnsDev]);

$push->send($message, [
    '<ios-device-token1>' => 'prod',
    '<ios-device-token2>' => 'dev',


Sending is either available for a message object or a raw payload.

  • A message object is translated into a native push-notification message with body and title for FCM or APNS before sending.
  • A raw payload (array) is sent 'as it is' which might not be a good idea, if you want to mix APNS and FCM in one request.
$devices = [...];

$message = new Message('body', 'title');
$push->send($message, $devices);

/* OR */

$payload = [...];
$push->sendRaw($payload, $devices);

error handling

The PushNotification::send() method returns an Result object. This usually contains an array of per device errors. If everything succeeded, the entry is null. You can fetch failed device-messages with:

$result = $push->send($message, [...]);
$errors = $result->getFailed(); 

Errors are handled as Exeptions, so it's possible to just throw them. To simply just throw the first error if one occurred, call:

$push->send($message, [...])->throwOnFirstException();

Be aware: Sometimes other failures than usage-errors occur. APNS and FCM can respond with explicit reasons, which will be handled as ResponseReasonException. It's a good idea to not just throw them (away), but handle them other ways. E.g. you might want to delete or update device-tokens which were marked as invalid.

use \ricwein\PushNotification\Exceptions\ResponseReasonException;

foreach($result->getFailed() as $token => $error) {
    if ($error instanceof ResponseReasonException) {
        if ($error->isInvalidDeviceToken()) {
            // $token was invalid
        } elseif ($error->isRateLimited()) {
            // the $token device got too many notifications and is currently rate-limited => better wait some time before sending again.