raveren/kint

Kint - debugging helper for PHP developers

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Language: PHP

1.0.6 2015-07-02 11:06 UTC

README

Total Downloads

New version v1.0.0 is released with more than two years of active development - changes are too numerous to list, but there's CLI output and literally hundreds of improvements and additions.

Screenshot

What am I looking at?

At first glance Kint is just a pretty replacement for var_dump(), print_r() and debug_backtrace().

However, it's much, much more than that. Even the excellent xdebug var_dump improvements don't come close - you will eventually wonder how you developed without it.

Just to list some of the most useful features:

  • The variable name and place in code where Kint was called from is displayed;
  • You can disable all Kint output easily and on the fly - so you can even debug live systems without anyone knowing (even though you know you shouldn't be doing that!:).
  • CLI is detected and formatted for automatically (but everything can be overridden on the fly) - if your setup supports it, the output is colored too: Kint CLI output
  • Debug backtraces are finally fully readable, actually informative and a pleasure to the eye.
  • Kint has been in active development for more than six years and is shipped with Drupal 8 by default as part of its devel suite. You can trust it not being abandoned or getting left behind in features.
  • Variable content is displayed in the most informative way - and you never, ever miss anything! Kint guarantees you see every piece of physically available information about everything you are dumping*;
    • in some cases, the content is truncated where it would otherwise be too large to view anyway - but the user is always made aware of that;
  • Some variable content types have an alternative display - for example you will be able see JSON in its raw form - but also as an associative array: Kint displays data intelligently There are more than ten custom variable type displays inbuilt and more are added periodically.

Installation and Usage

One of the main goals of Kint is to be zero setup.

Download the archive and simply

<?php
require '/kint/Kint.class.php';

Or, if you use Composer:

"require": {
   "raveren/kint": "^1.0"
}

Or just run composer require raveren/kint

That's it, you can now use Kint to debug your code:

########## DUMP VARIABLE ###########################
Kint::dump($GLOBALS, $_SERVER); // pass any number of parameters

// or simply use d() as a shorthand:
d($_SERVER);


########## DEBUG BACKTRACE #########################
Kint::trace();
// or via shorthand:
d(1);


############# BASIC OUTPUT #########################
# this will show a basic javascript-free display
s($GLOBALS);


######### WHITESPACE FORMATTED OUTPUT ##############
# this will be garbled if viewed in browser as it is whitespace-formatted only
~d($GLOBALS); // just prepend with the tilde


########## MISCELLANEOUS ###########################
# this will disable kint completely
Kint::enabled(false);

ddd('Get off my lawn!'); // no effect

Kint::enabled(true);
ddd( 'this line will stop the execution flow because Kint was just re-enabled above!' );

Note, that Kint does have configuration (like themes and IDE integration!), but it's in need of being rewritten, so I'm not documenting it yet.

Tips & Tricks

  • Kint is enabled by default, call Kint::enabled(false); to turn its funcionality completely off. The best practice is to enable Kint in DEVELOPMENT environment only (or for example Kint::enabled($_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'] === '<your IP>');) - so even if you accidentally leave a dump in production, no one will know.
  • sd() and ddd() are shorthands for s();die; and d();die; respectively.
    • Important: The older shorthand dd() is deprecated due to compatibility issues and will eventually be removed. Use the analogous ddd() instead.
  • When looking at Kint output, press D on the keyboard and you will be able to traverse the tree with arrows and tab keys - and expand/collapse nodes with space or enter.
  • Double clicking the [+] sign in the output will expand/collapse ALL nodes; triple clicking big blocks of text will select it all.
  • Clicking the tiny arrows on the right of the output open it in a separate window where you can keep it for comparison.
  • To catch output from Kint just assign it to a variablebeta
$o = Kint::dump($GLOBALS); 
// yes, the assignment is automatically detected, and $o 
// now holds whatever was going to be printed otherwise.

// it also supports modifiers (read on) for the variable:
~$o = Kint::dump($GLOBALS); // this output will be in whitespace
  • There are a couple of real-time modifiers you can use:
    • ~d($var) this call will output in plain text format.
    • +d($var) will disregard depth level limits and output everything (careful, this can hang your browser on huge objects)
    • !d($var) will show expanded rich output.
    • -d($var) will attempt to ob_clean the previous output so if you're dumping something inside a HTML page, you will still see Kint output. You can combine modifiers too: ~+d($var)
  • To force a specific dump output type just pass it to the Kint::enabled() method. Available options are: Kint::MODE_RICH (default), Kint::MODE_PLAIN, Kint::MODE_WHITESPACE and Kint::MODE_CLI:
Kint::enabled(Kint::MODE_WHITESPACE);
$kintOutput = Kint::dump($GLOBALS); 
// now $kintOutput can be written to a text log file and 
// be perfectly readable from there
  • To change display theme, use Kint::$theme = '<theme name>'; where available options are: 'original' (default), 'solarized', 'solarized-dark' and 'aante-light'. Here's an (outdated) preview: Kint themes
  • Kint also includes a naïve profiler you may find handy. It's for determining relatively which code blocks take longer than others:
Kint::dump( microtime() ); // just pass microtime()
sleep( 1 );
Kint::dump( microtime(), 'after sleep(1)' );
sleep( 2 );
ddd( microtime(), 'final call, after sleep(2)' );

Kint profiling feature

Visit the project page for documentation, configuration, and more advanced usage examples.

Author

Rokas Šleinius (Raveren)

License

Licensed under the MIT License