phemto/phemto

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Phemto PHP Dependency Injection Framework

v0.2.1 2013-04-08 07:38 UTC

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Last update: 2020-09-18 18:10:57 UTC


README

Phemto
======
What is phemto? Phemto is a dependency injector for PHP 5. It's
the smallest dependency injector I could come up with that is
still useful in a PHP environment. Because of it's simplicity
it makes an ideal tool to learn about dependency injection or
for managing medium applications or small frameworks. If your
needs are more sophisticated, then you might want to look at
the Pico for PHP.

The core of a dependency injector is it's internal registry.
This can hold single instances or factories and allow global
access. However it has several capabilities that place it
above a simple Registry pattern.

The first is that construction can be initiated with only an
interface name in the code that uses the instance. This
decouples this client code from dependent object construction.
This is a powerful feature for frameworks that may utilise
plug-ins from many different authors. The framework can
specify interfaces, and utillise code that uses those
interfaces, without ever coming into contact with the
implementation code. The application author determines the
wiring when the injector is set up. This also makes testing
easier, because mock implementations can be passed to
the application during testing.

The second capability is to automatically handle constructor
arguments by the same process. This means that implementations
can also publicise their dependencies which can in turn be
managed by the injector. As the publishing mechanism is as
simple type hints in the constructor, it means that the
component implementation is not just independent of the
framework and it's own constructor dependencies, it's also
independent of the injector as well.

The third capability is to detach the lifecycle of the object
from the class. The injector can register a class as a
normal object, a Singleton, a session object or any other
lifecycle choice. This decision is kept out of the original
class and also out of the client code of the instance.
This means that the class itself is not cluttered by this
code and, being a normal object, is easy to test. Your
own lifecycles can be easily created.

A dependency injector achieves a remarkable degree of
decoupling.

To allow some of this "automagic" behaviour to be nailed
down a little, and also to make use of code not especially
written for the injector, additional configuration
can be set up in a wiring file. With a wiring file,
variable names can be mapped to interfaces, decorators
and proxies can be applied, and context specific instantiations
can be introduced.

Phemto is public domain code. The only requirement is to
acknowledge the authors in articles where phemto is used
as an example. No warranty is implied by this. You use
this code entirely at your own risk.

yours, Marcus