A Psalm plugin to detect unsafe usage of $DB methods with SQL

v2.2 2021-01-13 13:57 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2024-05-14 20:25:01 UTC


Moodle Psalm-Plugin (MPP) is a Psalm plugin, that finds all vulnerable to SQL injection $DB->methods and displays content of SQL query.

The script is just for finding and showing you code that you should review.


$ composer require --dev klebann/moodle-psalm-plugin
$ vendor/bin/psalm-plugin enable klebann/moodle-psalm-plugin


Copy psalm-plugin.xml and issueHandlers.xml to Psalm root directory and modify it for your specific usuage.

Run Psalm from /path/to/moodle/local/psalm and scan /path/to/moodle/mod/checklist plugin:

$ ./vendor/bin/psalm --config=psalm-plugin.xml --no-diff --show-info=true ../../mod/checklist

Run Psalm from /path/to/moodle/local/psalm and scan /path/to/moodle/mod/checklist/lib.php file:

$ ./vendor/bin/psalm --config=psalm-plugin.xml --no-diff --show-info=true ../../mod/checklist/lib.php

Run Psalm for Testing in psalm/vendor/klebann/moodle-psalm-plugin:

$ ../../bin/psalm --config=psalm.xml --no-diff --show-info=true


Created to automate Security-focused code review for moodle plugins:

"In order to prevent SQL injection, always use data placeholders in your queries (? or :named) to pass data from users into the queries." ~ Data Manipulation API - Placeholders



if ($checklist->teacheredit == CHECKLIST_MARKING_STUDENT) {
    $date = ', MAX(c.usertimestamp) AS datesubmitted';
    $where = 'c.usertimestamp > 0';
} else {
    $date = ', MAX(c.teachertimestamp) AS dategraded';
    $where = 'c.teachermark = '.CHECKLIST_TEACHERMARK_YES;

$total = count($items);

list($usql, $uparams) = $DB->get_in_or_equal($users);
list($isql, $iparams) = $DB->get_in_or_equal(array_keys($items));

$namefields = get_all_user_name_fields(true, 'u');

$sql = 'SELECT u.id AS userid, (SUM(CASE WHEN '.$where.' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) * ? / ? ) AS rawgrade'.$date;
$sql .= ' , '.$namefields;
$sql .= ' FROM {user} u LEFT JOIN {checklist_check} c ON u.id = c.userid';
$sql .= " WHERE u.id $usql";
$sql .= " AND c.item $isql";
$sql .= ' GROUP BY u.id, '.$namefields;

$params = array_merge($uparams, $iparams);
$params = array_merge(array($checklist->maxgrade, $total), $params);

$grades = $DB->get_records_sql($sql, $params);

Output (This example will be skiped in next release because is safe):

INFO: PossibleSqlInjection - ../../mod/checklist/lib.php:342:24 - Calling unsafe sql method $DB->get_records_sql
    Safe variable $namefields: created by get_all_user_name_fields()
    Safe variable $usql: created by get_in_or_equal()
    Safe variable $isql: created by get_in_or_equal()
    SELECT u.id AS userid, (SUM(CASE WHEN $namefields([c.usertimestamp > 0][c.teachermark = CHECKLIST_TEACHERMARK_YES]) THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) * ? / ? ) AS rawgrade $date([, MAX(c.usertimestamp) AS datesubmitted][, MAX(c.teachertimestamp) AS dategraded]) , $namefields FROM {user} u LEFT JOIN {checklist_check} c ON u.id = c.userid WHERE u.id $usql AND c.item $isql GROUP BY u.id, $namefields
Documentation -
        $grades = $DB->get_records_sql($sql, $params);