johnkary/phpunit-speedtrap

Find and report on slow tests in your PHPUnit test suite

v3.2.0 2020-02-12 16:19 UTC

README

Build Status

SpeedTrap reports on slow-running PHPUnit tests right in the console.

Many factors affect test execution time. A test not properly isolated from variable latency (database, network, etc.) and even basic load on the test machine will cause test execution times to fluctuate.

SpeedTrap helps identify slow tests but cannot explain why those tests are slow. For that consider using Blackfire.io to profile the test suite, or another PHPUnit listener PHPUnit_Listener_XHProf, to specifically identify slow code.

Screenshot of terminal using SpeedTrap

Installation

SpeedTrap is installed using Composer. Add it as a require-dev dependency:

composer require --dev johnkary/phpunit-speedtrap

Usage

Enable with all defaults by adding the following code to your project's phpunit.xml file:

<phpunit bootstrap="vendor/autoload.php">
...
    <listeners>
        <listener class="JohnKary\PHPUnit\Listener\SpeedTrapListener" />
    </listeners>
</phpunit>

Now run the test suite. If one or more test executions exceed the slowness threshold (500ms by default), SpeedTrap will report on those tests in the console after all tests have completed.

Config Parameters

SpeedTrap also supports these parameters:

  • slowThreshold - Number of milliseconds when a test is considered "slow" (Default: 500ms)
  • reportLength - Number of slow tests included in the report (Default: 10 tests)

Each parameter is set in phpunit.xml:

<phpunit bootstrap="vendor/autoload.php">
    <!-- ... other suite configuration here ... -->

    <listeners>
        <listener class="JohnKary\PHPUnit\Listener\SpeedTrapListener">
            <arguments>
                <array>
                    <element key="slowThreshold">
                        <integer>500</integer>
                    </element>
                    <element key="reportLength">
                        <integer>5</integer>
                    </element>
                </array>
            </arguments>
        </listener>
    </listeners>
</phpunit>

Custom slowness threshold per-test case

Some projects have a few complex tests that take a long time to run. It is possible to set a different slowness threshold for individual test cases.

The annotation @slowThreshold can set a custom slowness threshold for each test case. This number may be higher or lower than the default threshold and is used instead of the default threshold for that specific test.

class SomeTestCase extends PHPUnit\Framework\TestCase
{
    /**
     * @slowThreshold 5000
     */
    public function testLongRunningProcess()
    {
        // Code that takes a longer time to execute
    }
}

Disable slowness profiling using an environment variable

SpeedTrapListener profiles for slow tests when enabled in phpunit.xml. But using an environment variable named PHPUNIT_SPEEDTRAP can enable or disable the listener.

$ PHPUNIT_SPEEDTRAP="disabled" ./vendor/bin/phpunit

Use case: Disable profiling in development, but profile with Travis CI

Travis CI is popular for running tests in the cloud after pushing new code to a repository.

Step 1) Enable SpeedTrapListener in phpunit.xml, but set PHPUNIT_SPEEDTRAP="disabled" to disable profiling when running tests.

<phpunit bootstrap="vendor/autoload.php">
...
    <php>
        <env name="PHPUNIT_SPEEDTRAP" value="disabled" />
    </php>

    <listeners>
        <listener class="JohnKary\PHPUnit\Listener\SpeedTrapListener" />
    </listeners>
</phpunit>

Step 2) Configure .travis.yml with PHPUNIT_SPEEDTRAP="enabled" to profile for slow tests when running on Travis CI:

language: php

php:
  - 7.3

env:
  - PHPUNIT_SPEEDTRAP="enabled"

Step 3) View the Travis CI build output and read the slowness report printed in the console.

Travis CI Documentation - Environment Variables

Use case: Enable profiling in development, but disable with Travis CI

Step 1) Enable SpeedTrapListener in phpunit.xml. The slowness report will output during all test suite executions.

<phpunit bootstrap="vendor/autoload.php">
...
    <listeners>
        <listener class="JohnKary\PHPUnit\Listener\SpeedTrapListener" />
    </listeners>
</phpunit>

Step 2) Configure .travis.yml with PHPUNIT_SPEEDTRAP="disabled" to turn off profiling when running on Travis CI:

language: php

php:
  - 7.3

env:
  - PHPUNIT_SPEEDTRAP="disabled"

Step 3) View the Travis CI build output and confirm the slowness report is not printed in the console.

Use case: Only enable SpeedTrapListener on demand via command-line

Useful when you only want to profile slow tests once in a while.

Step 1) Setup phpunit.xml to enable SpeedTrapListener, but disable slowness profiling by setting PHPUNIT_SPEEDTRAP="disabled" like this:

<phpunit bootstrap="vendor/autoload.php">
...
    <php>
        <env name="PHPUNIT_SPEEDTRAP" value="disabled" />
    </php>

    <listeners>
        <listener class="JohnKary\PHPUnit\Listener\SpeedTrapListener" />
    </listeners>
</phpunit>

Step 2) When executing phpunit from the command-line, enable slowness profiling only for this run by passing the environment variable PHPUNIT_SPEEDTRAP="enabled" like this:

$ PHPUNIT_SPEEDTRAP=enabled ./vendor/bin/phpunit

Inspiration

SpeedTrap was inspired by RSpec's --profile option that displays feedback about slow tests.

License

phpunit-speedtrap is available under the MIT License.