emarref/spec

Implementation of the Specification pattern.

v1.0.0 2020-07-03 09:54 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2022-07-29 02:17:59 UTC


README

This library implements the Specification Pattern for use in any project.

Create composable logic by encapsulating decisions in a class that adheres to the SpecificationInterface.

Install

$ composer require emarref/spec

Usage

Given the following specifications:

<?php

use Emarref\Spec\SpecificationInterface;
use Emarref\Spec\LogicalSpecificationTrait;

class MorningSpecification implements SpecificationInterface
{
    use LogicalSpecificationTrait;

    public function isSatisfiedBy($subject): bool
    {
        if (!$subject instanceof \DateTimeInterface) {
            throw new \InvalidArgumentException('Subject must be a date time object.');
        }

        $hour = (int) $subject->format('G');

        return $hour < 12;
    }
}

class AfternoonSpecification implements SpecificationInterface
{
    use LogicalSpecificationTrait;

    public function isSatisfiedBy($subject): bool
    {
        if (!$subject instanceof \DateTimeInterface) {
            throw new \InvalidArgumentException('Subject must be a date time object.');
        }

        $hour = (int) $subject->format('G');

        return $hour > 12 && $hour < 18;
    }
}

class NightSpecification implements SpecificationInterface
{
    use LogicalSpecificationTrait;

    public function isSatisfiedBy($subject): bool
    {
        if (!$subject instanceof \DateTimeInterface) {
            throw new \InvalidArgumentException('Subject must be a date time object.');
        }

        $hour = (int) $subject->format('G');

        return $hour > 17;
    }
}

We can test if a date is in the morning:

<?php

$morning = new \DateTime('8am');
$isMorning = new MorningSpecification();

$isMorning->isSatisfiedBy($morning); // true

or afternoon:

<?php

$isAfternoon = new AfternoonSpecification();
$isAfternoon->isSatisfiedBy($morning); // false

We can chain specs together:

<?php

$night = new \DateTime('11pm');

$isMorning->or($isAfternoon)->isSatisfiedBy($morning); // true
$isMorning->or($isAfternoon)->isSatisfiedBy($night); // false

Chaining can be deep:

<?php

$isMorning->or($isAfternoon->andNot($isNight))->isSatisfiedBy($morning); // true

Business logic can be encapsulated by custom specs. Create a class that implements the Emarref\Spec\SpecificationInterface. Use the Emarref\Spec\LogicalSpecificationTrait to implement most of the boilerplate.

<?php

class StoreIsOpen implements SpecificationInterface
{
    use LogicalSpecificationTrait;

    public function isSatisfiedBy($subject): bool
    {
        if (!$subject instanceof \DateTimeInterface) {
            throw new \InvalidArgumentException('Subject must be a date time object.');
        }

        $isMorning = new MorningSpec();
        $isAfternoon = new AfternoonSpec();

        return $isMorning->or($isAfternoon)->isSatisfiedBy($subject);
    }
}

$storeIsOpen = new StoreIsOpen();
$storeIsOpen->isSatisfiedBy(new DateTime('10am')); // true
$storeIsOpen->isSatisfiedBy(new DateTime('11pm')); // false