Database migrations for the Elefant CMS

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dev-master 2013-09-09 19:28 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2022-07-25 02:51:09 UTC


This app provides a database migrations framework for the Elefant CMS, including a simple API for automating migrations as well as a series of command line options for viewing and applying/reverting changes.

Status: Beta


Copy the migrate app folder into apps/migrate and run the following command to import the database schema:

./elefant import-db apps/migrate/conf/install_mysql.sql

Note: Replace the database driver with the appropriate one for your site.


From the command line:

# update to the latest revision
./elefant migrate/up myapp\\MyModel

# update to the specified revision
./elefant migrate/up myapp\\MyModel 20130922012345

# revert all revisions
./elefant migrate/down myapp\\MyModel

# revert to the specified revision
./elefant migrate/down myapp\\MyModel 20130922012345

# list all available migrations
./elefant migrate/list

# list all versions of a migration
./elefant migrate/versions myapp\\MyModel

# check which version is current
./elefant migrate/current myapp\\MyModel

# check if the current version is the latest
./elefant migrate/is-latest myapp\\MyModel

# generate a new migration class
./elefant migrate/generate myapp\\MyModel

Defining a new table

Here is a basic migration that creates a table on migrate/up and drops it on migrate/down.


namespace myapp;

class MyModel_20130922012345 extends \Migration {
	public $table = '#prefix#mymodel';
	public function up () {
		return $this->table ()
			->column ('id', 'integer', array ('primary' => true))
			->column ('title', 'string', array ('limit' => 72))
			->column ('created', 'datetime', array ('null' => false))
			->column ('body', 'text', array ('null' => false))
			->index (array ('created'))
			->create ();
	public function down () {
		return $this->drop ();


This migration defines a table with four columns, which will translate to the following CREATE TABLE statement:

CREATE TABLE #prefix#mymodel (
	id integer primary key,
	title char(72),
	created datetime not null,
	body text not null

A few things to note:

  • Migrations are classes named using the form MODEL_DATETIME that extend a base \Migration class.
  • Migrations live in an app's migrations folder, and must be named to match the class name.
  • A migration can set the table name via the $table property, or pass the name explicitly to methods like table() and drop().
  • #prefix# in database names will be replaced with the value of the prefix setting from the [Database] section of Elefant's global configuration.
  • A migration defines two methods: up() and down() which apply or revert the changes for the migration, respectively. Each method should return true or false depending on whether they succeeded.

Migration versioning

We recommend using dates of the form YYYYMMDDHHIISS to keep your migrations in sequential order. The app doesn't enforce a particular naming scheme however, so you are free to name them using any combination of letters and numbers, just be aware that it will sort them alphanumerically so you should name them accordingly to apply them in the right order.

Available methods

These methods are inherited from \Migration for you to use. Methods that execute SQL statements will return true or false, and $this->error will contain any error messages.

add_column($name, $type = 'char', $options = array ())

Add a column by altering an existing table. Note that SQLite will always add the column to the end of the table, even if 'after' => 'colname' is passed as an option.

column($name, $type = 'char', $options = array ())

Adds a column to a CREATE TABLE definition. Returns $this so you can chain several column() calls together, followed by create() to execute the query.

The column type value can be anything supported by your database of choice. string is also an alias for char.

Options include:

  • auto-increment - The column should auto-increment
  • comment - A comment to add to the column
  • default - The default value of the column
  • limit - The character limit of the column
  • null - The column may or may not be null
  • primary - The column is a primary key
  • signed - The column is signed (may contain negative values)
  • unique - The column value must be unique
  • unsigned - The column values are unsigned (may contain only positive values)


Executes a CREATE TABLE statement based on the previous calls to table() and column().


Returns the PDO driver name for the database connection.

drop($table = null)

Executes a DROP TABLE statement.


Drop a column from the table. Note: Not supported in SQLite.


Add an index to the table definition with the specified list of field names.

rename_column($old, $new, $type = 'char', $options = array ())

Rename an existing column. Note: Not supported in SQLite.

run($sql, $params = array ())

Execute a direct SQL statement.

table($table = null)

Initializes a new CREATE TABLE chain. Returns $this so you can chain several column() calls to it, followed by create() to execute the query.