Variable size symmetric key encryption algorithm

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1.3.0 2022-12-10 12:46 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2024-05-18 19:23:42 UTC


Variable size symmetric key encryption algorithm.

PHP & JavaScript implementation, small, portable and fast.

The cipher-key is generated by cycling the input key with a variation of XorShift+ random number generator. The bigger the key-size, the longer the period.



composer require duzun/cycle-crypt


npm i -S cycle-crypt


<script src="https://unpkg.com/cycle-crypt"></script>


Here is an example of encrypting on server and decrypting on client, salt auto-generated.


// index.php

use function duzun\cycleCrypt;

$key = '*** *** ***'; // any length
$message = 'Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing industry...';
$ciphered = cycleCrypt($key, $message, true);

// send $ciphered to the client
echo base64_encode($ciphered);


// index.js
const cycleCrypt = require('cycle-crypt');
//   or
// import cycleCrypt from 'cycle-crypt';

const key = '*** *** ***'; // any length

// ...

app.get('/', function (req, res) {
    // const salt = cycleCrypt.randomBytes(17);
    let message = 'Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing industry...';
    let ciphered = cycleCrypt(key, message, true);



// site.js
const key = '*** *** ***'; // must be the same key used for encrypting

let message = await fetch('/')
.then((r) => r.text())
.then((ciphered) => cycleCrypt(key, ciphered, false));

console.log(message.toString('utf8')); // 'hex' | 'base64'

It is also possible to do the reverse: encrypt on client and decrypt on server.

You can also use your salt:

// index.php

// ...

$salt = random_bytes(17); // any length
$ciphered = cycleCrypt($key, $message, $salt);

// Have to send the salt to the client too
echo json_encode([
    'salt' => base64_encode($salt),
    'ciphered' => base64_encode($ciphered)
// site.js

// fetch ciphered & salt from server and base64 decode ...
let message = cycleCrypt(key, ciphered, salt);

On the JS end, message is an instance of Uint8Array with a custom .toString(encoding), where encoding is one of 'binary', 'hex', 'base64', 'utf8' or undefined (guess).

For older browsers you should use a DataView polyfill.

Encrypt in chunks

Here is an example of encrypting a big file in small chunks, thus avoid using lots of memory.

use duzun\CycleCrypt;

$cc = new CycleCrypt($key/*, $salt=true*/);
$salt = $cc->getSalt(); // required for decryption
$chunkSize = $cc->getKeyByteSize();

$in = fopen('/path/to/file', '+r');
$out = fopen('/path/to/encrypted_file', '+w');
while(!feof($in)) {
    $chunk = fread($in, $chunkSize);
    fwrite($out, $cc($chunk));

file_put_contents('/path/to/encrypted_file.salt', $salt)

You don't have to write the code to encrypt a file for yourself, cause there is a CLI for that:


npm install -g cycle-crypt

cycle-crypt -k '**** ****' -s 'the salt' -i /path/to/file -o /path/to/encrypted_file


composer global require duzun/cycle-crypt

cycry.php -k '**** ****' -s 'the salt' -i /path/to/file -o /path/to/encrypted_file

Note: The Node.js CLI version is much faster than the PHP one.

CLI Usage

cycle-crypt -k <key> [-s <salt> | -si <salt_in> | -so <salt_out>] [-sr <salt_rounds>] [-i <file_in>] [-o <file_out>]
cycle-crypt -h|--help

-h, --help      Show this help
-k, --key       The encryption key. Could be hex if starts with '0x'.
-s, --salt      Random bytes to be used as salt. Could be hex if starts with '0x'.
                Can contain the salt-rounds as "0x<salt_in_hex>x<salt_rounds>".
-si, --salt-in  Filename or - from where to read the salt.
-so, --salt-out Filename or - where to output the generated salt.
-sr, --salt-rounds Number of rounds of initial state generated from salt + key
-i, --in        Input file to encrypt or - for STDIN
-o, --out       Output file or - for STDOUT

You can not combine -s and -si, use just one of them.    

-i and -o default to -


If you deal with a security critical application, please consider using one of the NIST approved standard encryption algorithms like AES.

If you don't trust any encryption algorithm, here is a hint:

Choose two or more ciphers C1, C2 ... Cn from two or more vendors.

When ciphering the message M with C = M ^ C1 ^ C2 ^ ... ^ Cn, the secrecy of the cipher-text C is not worse than the best of Ci.

In other words, it can't hurt the secrecy when xoring more independent ciphers.

The theory behind this property is analysed and proven in my Masters Thesis:

The sum c = r1 ⊕ r2 ⊕ ... ⊕ rm, where c, ri ∊ 𝔹k (string of bits of length k), i=1,m, is a perfect secret if and only if there is at least one ri perfect secret and the operation ⊕ is a cryptographic safe operation.

To Do

The JS version uses Uint32Array and Uint8Array, which use little endian or big endian, depending on hardware. The current implementation has been tested in little endian HW only!

Have to implement the alternative to big endian too.