dogancelik/slim-json

JSON middleware for Slim PHP framework

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Dependents: 1

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Forks: 4

Open Issues: 1

Language: PHP

v0.3.1 2015-05-30 18:21 UTC

README

SlimJson is an easy-to-use and advanced JSON middleware for Slim PHP framework. SlimJson helps you write web apps that return JSON output.

How to install

You can install SlimJson with Composer by:

composer install dogancelik/slim-json

or adding this line to your composer.json file:

"dogancelik/slim-json": "dev-master"

How to use

require 'vendor/autoload.php';
$app = new \Slim\Slim();

// Add the middleware globally
$app->add(new \SlimJson\Middleware(array(
  'json.status' => true,
  'json.override_error' => true,
  'json.override_notfound' => true
)));

$app->get('/', function() use ($app) {
  $app->render(200, ['Hello' => 'World']);
});

$app->get('/error', function() use ($app) {
  throw new \Exception('This is an error');
});

$app->run();

If you go to localhost/, you will get: {"Hello": "World", "_status": 200}

If you go to localhost/error: {"error": "This is an error", "_status": 500}

If you go to localhost/notfound: {"error": "'/notfound' is not found.", "_status": 404}

Rendering JSON

If you haven't noticed, I didn't add a JSON view to our Slim app. It's because when you add the middleware, we add the JSON view for you so you don't have to.

You should see that we are using a different $app->render() method here.

Rendering parameters are these: function render(status, data)

  • status is HTTP return code integer or string.
  • data is an array.

Configuration

You can initialize the Middleware with these configuration options.

Example:

$app->add(new \SlimJson\Middleware([
  'json.override_error' => true,
  'json.debug' => true,
  'json.status' => true,
]));

All options are disabled (false) by default. Set them to true to enable.

json.override_error

Configures $app->error to return JSON response with HTTP return code 500. Only works if you add the middleware globally

json.override_notfound

Configures $app->notFound to return JSON response with HTTP return code 404. Only works if you add the middleware globally

json.protect

Adds while(1); to every JSON response. What's this?

json.status

Adds an integer _status field to your JSON response.

json.debug

If you enable this option, SlimJson will add additional debugging info (named as _debug) on error. Exception properties (like message, stacktrace, line, etc.) will be added to JSON response.

json.cors

Enables CORS.

If you set this to true, it will set CORS to * (allow all domains). If you set a string, it will set CORS to that string

json.clear_data

You should read this if you don't use the middleware globally. Read why I added this option.

json.json_encode_options

Passes an $options argument to json_encode.

Visit PHP.net page for available constants for json_encode.

Advanced

Use SlimJson for individual routes

If you don't need JSON for your whole application and want to return JSON for individual routes:

Instead of adding the middleware globally, put $app->add inside the routers you want:

$app->get('/', function() use ($app) {
  $app->add(new \SlimJson\Middleware([
    'json.status' => true
  ]));

  $app->render(200, ['Hello' => 'World']);
});
Use inject() for handiness and happiness :smile:

I created a static method under the middleware called inject($app, $config), it is basically same as calling $app->add(); but good for a clean and shorter code. Passing the arguments $app and $config is both optional.

Replace this:

$app->add(new \SlimJson\Middleware([
  'json.status' => true
]));

With this:

\SlimJson\Middleware::inject([
  'json.status' => true
]));

Set your own $app->error or $app->notFound message

If you add the middleware globally and enable json.override_error or json.override_notfound, SlimJson will use its own message format for each handler. But you can change that too!

Using config
$app = new \Slim\Slim();

$app->add(new \SlimJson\Middleware([
  'json.override_notfound' => function($request) {
    return 'We can\'t find this page: ' . $request->getPath();
  },
]));
Using Middleware method
$app = new \Slim\Slim();

$slimjson = new \SlimJson\Middleware();

// use `setNotFoundMessage` for `$app->notFound` message
$slimjson->setErrorMessage(function($exception) {
  return 'Custom error message: ' . $exception->getMessage();
});

$app->add($slimjson);

Edge case option: json.clear_data

Read this option if you don't use the middleware globally. You may encounter this error.

Let's say you have a GET router (/foobar) and an error handler:

$app->get('/foobar', function() use ($app) {
  \SlimJson\Middleware::inject();
  $app->render(200, ['foo' => 'bar']);
});

$app->error(function (\Exception $e) use ($app) {
  \SlimJson\Middleware::inject();
  $app->render(500, ['error' => $e->getMessage()]);
});

What happens if you take out inject() from the GET router? So it would be like this:

$app->get('/foobar', function() use ($app) {
  $app->render(200, ['foo' => 'bar']);
});

Then if you go to /foobar you will get an error like this:

{"foo" => "bar", "error" => "View cannot render 200 because the template does not exist"}

Notice you both have foo and error keys. It's because Slim uses $app->view->appendData().

Why did this happen? Because we forgot to add \SlimJson\Middleware::inject(); to the GET router; So don't forget to add this.

If you enable this option, it will remove all data. It may remove other middlewares' data (like Flash (Session) middleware) but I haven't tested it.

But if you really want to use this then add inject(array('json_clear_data' => true)) to your error handler:

$app->error(function (\Exception $e) use ($app) {
  \SlimJson\Middleware::inject(array(
    'json.clear_data' => true
  ));
  $app->render(500, ['error' => $e->getMessage()]);
});