Docker Manager


defstudio/dock is an autonomous docker development configurator



dock is a laravel-zero standalone phar file that helps ot build a docker development environment. In order to work properly it needs a working installation of:

  • php (^7.4)
  • docker
  • docker-compose

dock does not require installation, simply download the binary file from here or type this from your project folder:

wget --no-cache
Building an environment

in order to build a development environment, dock uses a "recipe" system that configures the proper services for the development target.

the first step is .env file initialization:

php dock init

the system will let you choose a list of recipes:


and a configuration wizard will start, if available:

recipe wizard

the process will end up with an env file and a src folder in your project root:

Project Root
|-- dock
|-- .env
|-- src/
Building and starting docker containers

after an .env file is created (manually or by running the php dock init command) the development environment can be bring to life:

php dock start --build

the process can take quite a few minutes, so stop for a coffe (or better, a beer), it will end up with a confirmation in your terminal:

startup completed

your development system is up and running!

Update dock executable

dock embeds a self update command that checks current version against the last released version and auto updates itself:

php dock self-update



dock offers a few commands to mantain and manage the development environment.

Note that additional command can be added by the active recipe, for more information please check each recipe documentation

Show documentation (php dock)

by typing php dock command a list with all available commands will be displayed

Init command (php dock init)

the initialization wizard can be started at any time with the php dock init --force command

note that in order to load the changes the environment should be shut down with the php dock stop command

Log a service (php dock log)

with the php dock log command, a service selection prompt will be displayed and will let the user choose a service for showing its live log:


to bypass the prompt, the service name can be given as parameter for the command, es. php dock log nginx

Log all services (php dock log:all)

a condensed log for all services can be displayed with the php dock log:all command:

log all

Log into a service shell (php dock shell)

it is useful, sometimes, to log into a specific container, with the php dock shell commands it is possible to select the service to log into:

shell command

to bypass the prompt, the service name can be given as parameter for the command, ie. php dock log php

Display active containers statistics (php dock stats)

dock embeds docker's stats command to display containers memory, cpu, i/o data into its own php dock stats command

List running containers (php dock list:containers)

with the php dock list:containers command, dock will display the list of all running containers in the system

list containers

List available hosts (php dock list:hosts)

usually you will bind your services to a custom hostname, in order to simplify the addressing during development.

this means that the OS hosts file should be updated to include the mapping between these hostnames and the local ip address.

to obtain a list of the hostnames defined by the build process, type php dock list:hosts in your terminal:

list containers

in this example, you should append this entries to your hosts file         laravel.ktm         mysql.laravel.ktm         mail.laravel.ktm
List available URLs (php dock list:urls)

like the list:urls command, with php dock list:urls dock can display the list of available urls defined during the build process:

list containers

Start a Lazydocker instance (php dock lazydocker)

Starts a Lazydocker instance, a simple terminal UI for docker and docker-compose

Tips and Tricks

  • instead of writing php dock [command] you can setup a console alias for dock: alias dock="php dock", so it will be enough to type dock [command]

  • to make the dock alias persistent between reboots, add alias dock=./dock at the end of your ~/.bashrc file