cloudcreativity/utils-value

Library to handle standard scalar values in PHP.

v2.2.0 2022-03-04 18:09 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2022-06-04 18:53:30 UTC


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cloudcreativity/utils-value

A small library to handle scalar values that have meaning.

Values

It is common to handle scalar values that have particular meaning to your application. For instance, if objects in your applications expect a string that can only be one of several different string values - e.g. lead, follow for describing dance roles - then any object that expects those values would always have to check that the string received matches those two options. For example:

public function setRole($value) {
  if (!in_array($value, ['lead', 'follow'])) {
    throw new \InvalidArgumentException('Expecting a valid dance role.');
  }

  // ...
}

This becomes highly repetitive - plus if you wanted to add either as a valid value, you'd need to update it in every in_array() call across the application.

This is where we'd use the CloudCreativity\Utils\Value\AbstractValue class from this package. For example:

use CloudCreativity\Utils\Value\AbstractValue;

class DanceRole extends AbstractValue
{
  
  protected function accept($value): bool
  {
    return in_array($value, ['lead', 'follow'], true);
  }
}

The original setter shown above would then become:

public function setRole(DanceRole $role)
{
  // no need to check it as we know it is valid.
}

Helper Methods

Quite often we find it is useful for the value object to have helper methods. By implementing these on the value object, they become available to any part of your application that receives an instance of the value.

For instance, or DanceRole object could look like this:

class DanceRole extends AbstractValue
{

  public function isLead(): bool
  {
    return $this->is('lead');
  }

  public function isFollow(): bool
  {
    return $this->is('follow');
  }

  // ... 
}

Trait

If you do not want to extend the abstract class, the majority of methods are available via the ValueTrait.

Interface

This package defines an interface, ValueInterface, to ensure consistency across value objects:

  • __toString() : so that a scalar value can always be written to a string.
  • toString() : so that a scalar value can fluently be cast to a string.
  • jsonSerialize() : so that a scalar value can always be cast properly when being JSON encoded.
  • get() : gets the underlying scalar value, e.g. would return a string if the value object holds a string.
  • is(...$values) : compares provided values to the underlying scalar value, returning true if the value matches any of them.