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Starterkit to deploy your `wp-content`-directory.

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dev-master 2016-05-23 12:16 UTC


Table of Contents


  • Ruby >= 2.0
  • Capistrano 3.4.0
  • Bundler
  • Composer
  • Access via SSH Key to Server

Install Ruby

$ ruby -v
ruby 2.2.3p173 (2015-08-18 revision 51636) [x64-mingw32]

Install Capistrano

Capistrano is a remote server automation tool. It supports the scripting and execution of arbitrary tasks, and includes a set of sane-default deployment workflows.

Howto install:

$ gem install capistrano
$ cap -v
Capistrano Version: 3.4.0 (Rake Version: 10.5.0)

Install Bundler

Bundler is a package manager for Capistrano v3.

$ gem install bundler
$ bundler -v
Bundler version 1.11.2

Install Composer

Composer is a Dependency Manager for PHP.

Configure Capistrano

Basic configuration

Go to config/deploy.rb and configure your application-name and repo_url.


To configure your environment, go to config/deploy/staging.rb. The file name equals to your deploy command cap {environment} deploy e.G. cap staging deploy).

Set your host, user and webdir which is the relative path to your web project on remote server.

Local development

This Starterkit only represents your wp-content-directory and does not restrict your local workflow. You can..

  • Replace your wp-content locally.
  • Create a symlink to this folder in your WordPress-installation.
  • Load WordPress via Composer
  • ...

To work with Plugins and Themes, just add them to your composer.json and run composer install.

Remote Server

Directory structure

| /cache
| /deployments
|_ current/ ~> ~/deployments/releases/YYYYMMDDHHIISS/
|__ releases/
|___ <release folders with YYYYMMDDHHIISS>
|__ repo/
|___ <VCS data>
|__ shared/
|___ <linked_files & linked_dirs>
|_ revisions.log
| /tmp
|___ composer.phar
| /www
|___ <WordPress installation>
|___|___ wp-content/ ~> ~/../deployments/current/
| wp-config.php


To load the correct wp-content/-folder into your WordPress-installation, you've to add following line to your wp-config.php:

define( 'WP_CONTENT_DIR', realpath( __DIR__ . '/deployments/current' ) );


View all available commands

$ cap -T

Check if everything is fine

cap {environment} deploy:check

What happens:

  1. Test SSH-connection.
  2. Check Git-connection.
  3. Create folders withing deployments/.

Deployment and Rollback

$ cap {environment} deploy

What happens:

  1. Read the HEAD of the selected branch.
  2. Create shared-folder if not existing.
  3. Update ~/deployments/repo via git checkout.
  4. Execute composer update.
  5. Create release-folder if not existing.
  6. Create new folder - with date and time as name - in release.
  7. Copy the current branch from repo into this folder.
  8. Update all symlinks for releases/{latest release} and shared/ to current/.
  9. Cleanup old releases - by default the last 5 releases.
$ cap {environment} deploy:rollback

What happens:

  1. Change Symlink on current/ in release/{current release - 1}.