This package provides a set of tools useful for managing your database schemas, more precisely when it comes to sharing your model within a versioned project. In order to do so, the model will actually be tracked as a YAML file.
The main class of this project is
SchemaVersionControlService; this service provides operations involving
Doctrine\DBAL\Schema\Schema objects. The constructor of
SchemaVersionControlService needs two parameters: a
Connection object to be able to inspect current database schema (please note that this connection should be allowed
to create/update/delete tables), as well as the path to your schema file (which might not exist yet when initializing
The two principal methods of this class are:
applySchema(): this method loads the schema described in your schema file (supposedly versioned), compares it with the actual schema in database, and executes the SQL statements necessary to solve the differences. You should use this method when updating your source code, assuming that you haven't changed your model locally (if so, you may want to refer to Resolve Conflicts section).
dumpSchema(): this method, opposed to
applySchema(), inspects the current schema used in database, and uses it to change the content of your schema file. You should use this method when modifying your model locally, assuming that your model was up-to-date before you started the modifications (otherwise, once again, refer to Resolve Conflicts section).
In addition, you will find a few other methods, such as
getMigrationSql() to compute the SQL statements to execute in
order to resynchronize your database schema with your schema file, or
getSchemaDiff() to compute the
object representing the difference between the actual database schema and the one described in the schema file.
It is advised that you update and commit your schema before updating your sources. Therefore, you will simply have to resolve the conflicts (if any) in the YAML file, which should not be too complicated.
If you did not commit before pulling sources, applying the schema from YAML file will most certainly end up removing your modification, which you probably do not want. First dump your schema, review the modifications in YAML file (recently pulled changes will have been reverted), and only keep those that were actually your doing. You should then be safe for applying the newly obtained version of your schema.
In order to be used through Symfony console, this package provides these three commands:
SchemaVersionControlService::apply()): Note that option
--dry-runmay be useful, particularly when you need to update the schema of an application running in production.
schema:status: Displays all changes performed on actual schema, relatively to YAML schema file. Therefore, all differences between the two schemas are considered as local changes, even when they actually result from pulled changes on YAML file.