Enable full-text search and wildcard search for laravel/mysql applications

1.0.5 2019-09-28 06:01 UTC

This package is auto-updated.

Last update: 2022-04-28 12:09:12 UTC


A lightweight package to enable full-text search and partial search for laravel/mysql applications

1. Requirements

  • PHP 7.1.3+
  • Laravel 5.5+
  • MySQL 5.6+

2. Installtion

composer require bkstar123/mysql-search  

3. Usage

For example, your database has an articles table with id, title, content, status, user_id, created_at, updated_at columns.

You want to allow users to search for a term/keyword against title, content columns.

In order to do so, just do the following steps:
a) In Article model, import & use the trait Bkstar123\MySqlSearch\Traits\MySqlSearch
b) In Article model, define a public static property named as $mysqlSearchable, for instance:


namespace App;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
use Bkstar123\MySqlSearch\Traits\MySqlSearch;

class Article extends Model
    use MySqlSearch;

    public static $mysqlSearchable = ['title', 'content'];


c) If you want to use MySQL full-text search feature (supported by MyIASM, InnoDB - since MySQL 5.6+ storage engines), the below additional works are to be fulfilled:

-> Create FullTEXT index for articles table:
php artisan mysql-search:init "App\Article"

Note: To remove FULLTEXT index from articles table:
php artisan mysql-search:reset "App\Article"

d) Search query

Full text search (default):

App\Article::search($searchTerms, true, 'natural')
App\Article::search($searchTerms) // full-text search in natural language mode
App\Article::search($searchTerms, true, 'boolean') // Full-text search in boolean mode
App\Article::search($searchTerms, true, 'query') // Full-text search with query expansion

// Better to use with try...catch as follows
try {
    $articles = App\Article::search($searchText)
                        'search' => $searchText
} catch (Exception $e) {
    $articles = [];

By default, the default full-text search mode is NATURAL LANGUAGE. You can change this default value by using FULLTEXT_SEARCH_MODE variable in .env file, possible values: natural, boolean, query

Refer to https://www.w3resource.com/mysql/mysql-full-text-search-functions.php for details on natual language & boolean mode. The query expansion mode is not recommended due to the fact that it creates a lot of noise in the search result.

The biggest problem with full-text indexes is that thay do not play nicely with regular indexes. If you do a full-text search query in combination with using other normal indexes, you are going to have a very inefficient query (bad performance). Refer to https://medium.com/@kirkbackus/using-full-text-index-for-innodb-when-a-search-engine-is-not-feasible-d666830b4000

Partial search (using the operator LIKE %$searchTerms%)

App\Article::search($searchTerms, false) // partial search with LIKE operator against a wildcard term e.g: %searchTerm%