A TYPO3 Extension for SQL Migrations

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1.2.0 2015-04-29 15:33 UTC

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Last update: 2024-01-29 02:30:11 UTC


A TYPO3 Extension for SQL Migrations

Today TYPO3 projects are mostly developed and deployed using git. This extension can help you to work with SQL changes in this environment. Apply SQL changes on all developer instances or even deploy changes to your Live System.

What it does

The migrator just executes numbered sql files (001.sql, 002.sql, etc) that you place in a certain directory. Once the migrator is called it checks for new .sql files and executes them in the right order.

So if you want to distribute a SQL Command (e.g. an INSERT statement for a new record) accross your installations, just create a file with a higher number than the existing ones and push it into your repository. Once others pull it and execute the migrator they will have your changes applied!


  • Make sure the backend user _cli_lowlevel exists. It doesn't need any rights.
  • Create a folder where you want to have your SQL files. If it is inside your web root, protect it with a .htaccess file with the following contents: deny from all.
  • Install this Extension using the Extension Manager.
  • Configure it in the Extension Manager.
  • Path to the folder with SQL files: Relative path to the folder you just created.
  • Path to the mysql binary: Adjust to the mysql binary on your machine.


The Migrator can be invoked in two ways:

Command Line

$php cli_dispatch.phpsh extbase migration:migratesqlfiles

Scheduler Task

Create a Scheduler Task of the class “Extbase Command Controller Task” and choose “Migrator Migration: migrateSqlFiles” as command. You can invoke the task regularly by cronjob or just by hand when you need it.


If the execution of an SQL file fails, the counter of the last last executed file is not increased and the file will be executed again on the next run. Notice that it already might have done changes to your database before it crashed.

If you want to see/change the internal pointer of the last executed SQL file, you’ll find it in the table sys_registry with the namespace and key AppZap\Migrator / lastExecutedVersion.

Can I omit migration numbers?

Yes, after 003.sql the next file can be 005.sql. Be aware once 005.sql is executed and you add 004.sql afterwards, 004.sql will never be executed.

Can I use timestamps as migration numbers?


Can I start at 0?

No, at the moment the first file must be 001.sql or higher.

Do I need the leading zeros?

No, you can also use 1.sql and so on.

Can I undo a migration?

No, the migrator only knows one direction. You’ll need to do it manually.